Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

Awesome Data Science with Python

A curated list of awesome resources for practicing data science using Python, including not only libraries, but also links to tutorials, code snippets, blog posts and talks.


pandas - Data structures built on top of numpy.
scikit-learn - Core ML library.
matplotlib - Plotting library.
seaborn - Data visualization library based on matplotlib.
pandas_summary - Basic statistics using DataFrameSummary(df).summary().
pandas_profiling - Descriptive statistics using ProfileReport.
sklearn_pandas - Helpful DataFrameMapper class.
missingno - Missing data visualization.
rainbow-csv - Plugin to display .csv files with nice colors.

Environment and Jupyter

General Jupyter Tricks
Fixing environment: link
Python debugger (pdb) - blog post, video, cheatsheet
cookiecutter-data-science - Project template for data science projects.
nteract - Open Jupyter Notebooks with doubleclick.
papermill - Parameterize and execute Jupyter notebooks, tutorial.
nbdime - Diff two notebook files, Alternative GitHub App: ReviewNB.
RISE - Turn Jupyter notebooks into presentations.
qgrid - Pandas DataFrame sorting.
pivottablejs - Drag n drop Pivot Tables and Charts for jupyter notebooks.
itables - Interactive tables in Jupyter.
jupyter-datatables - Interactive tables in Jupyter.
debugger - Visual debugger for Jupyter.
nbcommands - View and search notebooks from terminal.
handcalcs - More convenient way of writing mathematical equations in Jupyter.
notebooker - Productionize and schedule Jupyter Notebooks.
bamboolib - Intuitive GUI for tables.

Pandas Tricks, Alternatives and Additions

Pandas Tricks
Using df.pipe() (video)
pandasvault - Large collection of pandas tricks.
modin - Parallelization library for faster pandas DataFrame.
vaex - Out-of-Core DataFrames.
pandarallel - Parallelize pandas operations.
xarray - Extends pandas to n-dimensional arrays.
swifter - Apply any function to a pandas dataframe faster.
pandas_flavor - Write custom accessors like .str and .dt.
pandas-log - Find business logic issues and performance issues in pandas.
pandapy - Additional features for pandas.
lux - Dataframe visualization within Jupyter.
dtale - View and analyze Pandas data structures, integrating with Jupyter.
polars - Multi-threaded alternative to pandas.

Scikit-Learn Alternatives

scikit-learn-intelex - Intel extension for scikit-learn for speed.


drawdata - Quickly draw some points and export them as csv, website.
tqdm - Progress bars for for-loops. Also supports pandas apply().
icecream - Simple debugging output.
loguru - Python logging.
pyprojroot - Helpful here() command from R.
intake - Loading datasets made easier, talk.


textract - Extract text from any document.
camelot - Extract text from PDF.

Big Data

spark - DataFrame for big data, cheatsheet, tutorial.
sparkit-learn, spark-deep-learning - ML frameworks for spark.
koalas - Pandas API on Apache Spark.
dask, dask-ml - Pandas DataFrame for big data and machine learning library, resources, talk1, talk2, notebooks, videos.
dask-gateway - Managing dask clusters.
turicreate - Helpful SFrame class for out-of-memory dataframes.
h2o - Helpful H2OFrame class for out-of-memory dataframes.
datatable - Data Table for big data support.
cuDF - GPU DataFrame Library, Intro.
ray - Flexible, high-performance distributed execution framework.
mars - Tensor-based unified framework for large-scale data computation.
bottleneck - Fast NumPy array functions written in C.
bolz - A columnar data container that can be compressed.
cupy - NumPy-like API accelerated with CUDA.
petastorm - Data access library for parquet files by Uber.
zarr - Distributed numpy arrays.
NVTabular - Feature engineering and preprocessing library for tabular data by nvidia.

Distributed Systems

nextflow - Run scripts and workflow graphs in Docker image using Google Life Sciences, AWS Batch and others.
dsub - Run batch computing tasks in Docker image in the Google Cloud.

Command line tools, CSV

ni - Command line tool for big data.
xsv - Command line tool for indexing, slicing, analyzing, splitting and joining CSV files.
csvkit - Another command line tool for CSV files.
csvsort - Sort large csv files.
tsv-utils - Tools for working with CSV files by ebay.
cheat - Make cheatsheets for command line commands.

Classical Statistics

Statistical Tests and Packages

Modes, Medians and Means: A Unifying Perspective
Using Norms to Understand Linear Regression
Verifying the Assumptions of Linear Models
Mediation and Moderation Intro
statsmodels - Statistical tests.
pingouin - Statistical tests. Pairwise correlation between columns of pandas DataFrame
scipy.stats - Statistical tests.
scikit-posthocs - Statistical post-hoc tests for pairwise multiple comparisons.
Bland-Altman Plot 1, 2 - Plot for agreement between two methods of measurement.
ANOVA, Tutorials: One-way, Two-way, Type 1,2,3 explained.

Comparing Two Populations

torch-two-sample - Friedman-Rafsky Test: Compare two population based on a multivariate generalization of the Runstest. Explanation, Application

Interim Analyses / Sequential Analysis / Stopping

Squential Analysis - Wikipedia.
Treatment Effects Monitoring - Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials PennState.
sequential - Exact Sequential Analysis for Poisson and Binomial Data (R package).
confseq - Uniform boundaries, confidence sequences, and always-valid p-values.


Dependent Propabilities
Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST) and Sample Size Calculation
Cohen's d
Confidence Interval
Equivalence, non-inferiority and superiority testing
Bayesian two-sample t test
Distribution of p-values when comparing two groups
Understanding the t-distribution and its normal approximation


Inverse Propensity Weighting
Dealing with Selection Bias By Propensity Based Feature Selection


Greenland - Statistical tests, P values, confidence intervals, and power: a guide to misinterpretations
Blume - Second-generation p-values: Improved rigor, reproducibility, & transparency in statistical analyses
Lindeløv - Common statistical tests are linear models
Chatruc - The Central Limit Theorem and its misuse
Al-Saleh - Properties of the Standard Deviation that are Rarely Mentioned in Classrooms
Wainer - The Most Dangerous Equation
Gigerenzer - The Bias Bias in Behavioral Economics
Cook - Estimating the chances of something that hasn’t happened yet


R Epidemics Consortium - Large tool suite for working with epidemiological data (R packages). Github
incidence2 - Computation, handling, visualisation and simple modelling of incidence (R package).
EpiEstim - Estimate time varying instantaneous reproduction number R during epidemics (R package) paper.
researchpy - Helpful summary_cont() function for summary statistics (Table 1).
zEpid - Epidemiology analysis package, Tutorial.

Exploration and Cleaning

pandasgui - GUI for viewing, plotting and analyzing Pandas DataFrames.
janitor - Clean messy column names.
impyute - Imputations.
fancyimpute - Matrix completion and imputation algorithms.
imbalanced-learn - Resampling for imbalanced datasets.
tspreprocess - Time series preprocessing: Denoising, Compression, Resampling.
Kaggler - Utility functions (OneHotEncoder(min_obs=100))
pyupset - Visualizing intersecting sets.
pyemd - Earth Mover's Distance / Wasserstein distance, similarity between histograms. OpenCV implementation, POT implementation
littleballoffur - Sampling from graphs.

Noisy Labels

cleanlab - Machine learning with noisy labels, finding mislabeled data, and uncertainty quantification. Also see awesome list below.
doubtlab - Find bad or noisy labels.

Train / Test Split

iterative-stratification - Stratification of multilabel data.

Feature Engineering

sklearn - Pipeline, examples.
pdpipe - Pipelines for DataFrames.
scikit-lego - Custom transformers for pipelines.
skoot - Pipeline helper functions.
categorical-encoding - Categorical encoding of variables, vtreat (R package).
dirty_cat - Encoding dirty categorical variables.
patsy - R-like syntax for statistical models.
mlxtend - LDA.
featuretools - Automated feature engineering, example.
tsfresh - Time series feature engineering.
pypeln - Concurrent data pipelines.
feature_engine - Encoders, transformers, etc.
NVTabular - Feature engineering and preprocessing library for tabular data by nvidia.

Image Cleanup

Fiji - General purpose tool. Image viewer and image processing package.
napari - Multi-dimensional image viewer.
fiftyone - Viewer and tool for building high-quality datasets and computer vision models.
cidre - Illumination correction method for optical microscopy.
BaSiC - Background and Shading Correction of Optical Microscopy Images.
CSBDeep - Image denoising, restoration and object detection of fluorescence microscopy images, Project page.
DivNoising - Unsupervised denoising method.
aydin - Image denoising.
unprocessing - Image denoising by reverting the image processing pipeline.

Feature Engineering Images

skimage - Regionprops: area, eccentricity, extent.
mahotas - Zernike, Haralick, LBP, and TAS features.
pyradiomics - Radiomics features from medical imaging.
pyefd - Elliptical feature descriptor, approximating a contour with a Fourier series.

Feature Selection

Overview Paper, Talk, Repo
Blog post series - 1, 2, 3, 4
Tutorials - 1, 2
sklearn - Feature selection.
eli5 - Feature selection using permutation importance.
scikit-feature - Feature selection algorithms.
stability-selection - Stability selection.
scikit-rebate - Relief-based feature selection algorithms.
scikit-genetic - Genetic feature selection.
boruta_py - Feature selection, explaination, example.
linselect - Feature selection package.
mlxtend - Exhaustive feature selection.
BoostARoota - Xgboost feature selection algorithm.
INVASE - Instance-wise Variable Selection using Neural Networks.
SubTab - Subsetting Features of Tabular Data for Self-Supervised Representation Learning, AstraZeneca.

Subset Selection

apricot - Selecting subsets of data sets to train machine learning models quickly.

Dimensionality Reduction / Representation Learning


Check also the Clustering section and self-supervised learning section for ideas!

PCA - link
Autoencoder - link
Isomaps - link
LLE - link
Force-directed graph drawing - link
MDS - link
Diffusion Maps - link
t-SNE - link
NeRV - link, paper
MDR - link
UMAP - link
Random Projection - link
Ivis - link
SimCLR - link

Neural-network based

esvit - Vision Transformers for Representation Learning (Microsoft).
MCML - Semi-supervised dimensionality reduction of Multi-Class, Multi-Label data (sequencing data) paper.


Talk, tsne intro. sklearn.manifold and sklearn.decomposition - PCA, t-SNE, MDS, Isomaps and others.
sklearn.random_projection - Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma, Gaussian random projection, Sparse random projection.
prince - Dimensionality reduction, factor analysis (PCA, MCA, CA, FAMD).
Faster t-SNE implementations: lvdmaaten, MulticoreTSNE, FIt-SNE umap - Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection, talk, explorer, explanation, parallel version.
sleepwalk - Explore embeddings, interactive visualization (R package).
somoclu - Self-organizing map.
scikit-tda - Topological Data Analysis, paper, talk, talk, paper.
giotto-tda - Topological Data Analysis.
ivis - Dimensionality reduction using Siamese Networks.
trimap - Dimensionality reduction using triplets.
scanpy - Force-directed graph drawing, Diffusion Maps.
direpack - Projection pursuit, Sufficient dimension reduction, Robust M-estimators.
DBS - DatabionicSwarm (R package).
contrastive - Contrastive PCA.
scPCA - Sparse contrastive PCA (R package).


iterative-stratification - Cross validators with stratification for multilabel data.
livelossplot - Live training loss plot in Jupyter Notebook.


All charts, Austrian monuments.
Example notebooks for interactive visualizations(Plotly,Seaborn, Holoviz, Altair)
cufflinks - Dynamic visualization library, wrapper for plotly, medium, example.
physt - Better histograms, talk, notebook.
fast-histogram - Fast histograms.
matplotlib_venn - Venn diagrams, alternative.
joypy - Draw stacked density plots (=ridge plots), Ridge plots in seaborn.
mosaic plots - Categorical variable visualization, example.
scikit-plot - ROC curves and other visualizations for ML models.
yellowbrick - Visualizations for ML models (similar to scikit-plot).
bokeh - Interactive visualization library, Examples, Examples.
lets-plot - Plotting library.
animatplot - Animate plots build on matplotlib.
plotnine - ggplot for Python.
altair - Declarative statistical visualization library.
bqplot - Plotting library for IPython/Jupyter Notebooks.
hvplot - High-level plotting library built on top of holoviews.
dtreeviz - Decision tree visualization and model interpretation.
chartify - Generate charts.
VivaGraphJS - Graph visualization (JS package).
pm - Navigatable 3D graph visualization (JS package), example.
python-ternary - Triangle plots.
falcon - Interactive visualizations for big data.
hiplot - High dimensional Interactive Plotting.
visdom - Live Visualizations.
mpl-scatter-density - Scatter density plots. Alternative to 2d-histograms.
ComplexHeatmap - Complex heatmaps for multidimensional genomic data (R package).
largeVis - Visualize embeddings (t-SNE etc.) (R package).


palettable - Color palettes from colorbrewer2.
colorcet - Collection of perceptually uniform colormaps.


superset - Dashboarding solution by Apache.
streamlit - Dashboarding solution. Resources, Gallery Components, bokeh-events.
dash - Dashboarding solution by Resources.
visdom - Dashboarding library by facebook.
panel - Dashboarding solution.
altair example - Video.
voila - Turn Jupyter notebooks into standalone web applications.


gradio - Create UIs for your machine learning model.

Survey Tools

samplics - Sampling techniques for complex survey designs.

Geographical Tools

folium - Plot geographical maps using the Leaflet.js library, jupyter plugin.
gmaps - Google Maps for Jupyter notebooks.
stadiamaps - Plot geographical maps.
datashader - Draw millions of points on a map.
sklearn - BallTree, Example.
pynndescent - Nearest neighbor descent for approximate nearest neighbors.
geocoder - Geocoding of addresses, IP addresses.
Conversion of different geo formats: talk, repo
geopandas - Tools for geographic data
Low Level Geospatial Tools (GEOS, GDAL/OGR, PROJ.4)
Vector Data (Shapely, Fiona, Pyproj)
Raster Data (Rasterio)
Plotting (Descartes, Catropy)
Predict economic indicators from Open Street Map ipynb.
PySal - Python Spatial Analysis Library.
geography - Extract countries, regions and cities from a URL or text.
cartogram - Distorted maps based on population.

Recommender Systems

Examples: 1, 2, 2-ipynb, 3.
surprise - Recommender, talk.
turicreate - Recommender.
implicit - Fast Collaborative Filtering for Implicit Feedback Datasets.
spotlight - Deep recommender models using PyTorch.
lightfm - Recommendation algorithms for both implicit and explicit feedback.
funk-svd - Fast SVD.
pywFM - Factorization.

Decision Tree Models

Intro to Decision Trees and Random Forests, Intro to Gradient Boosting 1, 2, Decision Tree Visualization
lightgbm - Gradient boosting (GBDT, GBRT, GBM or MART) framework based on decision tree algorithms, doc.
xgboost - Gradient boosting (GBDT, GBRT or GBM) library, doc, Methods for CIs: link1, link2.
catboost - Gradient boosting.
h2o - Gradient boosting and general machine learning framework.
snapml - Gradient boosting and general machine learning framework by IBM, for CPU and GPU. PyPI
pycaret - Wrapper for xgboost, lightgbm, catboost etc.
thundergbm - GBDTs and Random Forest.
h2o - Gradient boosting.
forestci - Confidence intervals for random forests.
scikit-garden - Quantile Regression.
grf - Generalized random forest.
dtreeviz - Decision tree visualization and model interpretation.
Nuance - Decision tree visualization.
rfpimp - Feature Importance for RandomForests using Permuation Importance.
Why the default feature importance for random forests is wrong: link
treeinterpreter - Interpreting scikit-learn's decision tree and random forest predictions.
bartpy - Bayesian Additive Regression Trees.
infiniteboost - Combination of RFs and GBDTs.
merf - Mixed Effects Random Forest for Clustering, video
rrcf - Robust Random Cut Forest algorithm for anomaly detection on streams.
groot - Robust decision trees.
linear-tree - Trees with linear models at the leaves.

Natural Language Processing (NLP) / Text Processing

talk-nb, nb2, talk.
Text classification Intro, Preprocessing blog post.
gensim - NLP, doc2vec, word2vec, text processing, topic modelling (LSA, LDA), Example, Coherence Model for evaluation.
Embeddings - GloVe ([1], [2]), StarSpace, wikipedia2vec, visualization.
magnitude - Vector embedding utility package.
pyldavis - Visualization for topic modelling.
spaCy - NLP.
NTLK - NLP, helpful KMeansClusterer with cosine_distance.
pytext - NLP from Facebook.
fastText - Efficient text classification and representation learning.
annoy - Approximate nearest neighbor search.
faiss - Approximate nearest neighbor search.
pysparnn - Approximate nearest neighbor search.
infomap - Cluster (word-)vectors to find topics, example.
datasketch - Probabilistic data structures for large data (MinHash, HyperLogLog).
flair - NLP Framework by Zalando.
stanfordnlp - NLP Library.
Chatistics - Turn Messenger, Hangouts, WhatsApp and Telegram chat logs into DataFrames.
textvec - Supervised text vectorization tool.
textdistance - Collection for comparing distances between two or more sequences.


Search Engine Correlation



scanpy - Analyze single-cell gene expression data, tutorial.


python_for_microscopists - Notebooks and associated youtube channel for a variety of image processing tasks.
cellpose - Cell segmentation.
mahotas - Image processing (Bioinformatics), example.
imagepy - Software package for bioimage analysis.
CellProfiler - Biological image analysis.
imglyb - Viewer for large images, talk, slides.
microscopium - Unsupervised clustering of images + viewer, talk.
cytokit - Analyzing properties of cells in fluorescent microscopy datasets.
ZeroCostDL4Mic - Deep-Learning in Microscopy.

Drug discovery

DeepPurpose - Deep Learning Based Molecular Modeling and Prediction Toolkit.

Image Processing

cv2 - OpenCV, classical algorithms: Gaussian Filter, Morphological Transformations.
scikit-image - Image processing.

Neural Networks

Great Gradient Descent Article
Intro to semi-supervised learning

Tutorials & Viewer course - Lessons 1-7, Lessons 8-14
Tensorflow without a PhD - Neural Network course by Google.
Feature Visualization: Blog, PPT
Tensorflow Playground
Visualization of optimization algorithms, Another visualization
cutouts-explorer - Image Viewer.

Image Related

imgaug - More sophisticated image preprocessing.
Augmentor - Image augmentation library.
keras preprocessing - Preprocess images.
albumentations - Wrapper around imgaug and other libraries.
augmix - Image augmentation from Google.
kornia - Image augmentation, feature extraction and loss functions.
augly - Image, audio, text, video augmentation from Facebook.

Lossfunction Related

SegLoss - List of loss functions for medical image segmentation.

Activation Functions

rational_activations - Rational activation functions.

Text Related

ktext - Utilities for pre-processing text for deep learning in Keras.
textgenrnn - Ready-to-use LSTM for text generation.
ctrl - Text generation.

Libs General

keras - Neural Networks on top of tensorflow, examples.
keras-contrib - Keras community contributions.
keras-tuner - Hyperparameter tuning for Keras.
hyperas - Keras + Hyperopt: Convenient hyperparameter optimization wrapper.
elephas - Distributed Deep learning with Keras & Spark.
tflearn - Neural Networks on top of tensorflow.
tensorlayer - Neural Networks on top of tensorflow, tricks.
tensorforce - Tensorflow for applied reinforcement learning.
autokeras - AutoML for deep learning.
PlotNeuralNet - Plot neural networks.
lucid - Neural network interpretability, Activation Maps.
tcav - Interpretability method.
AdaBound - Optimizer that trains as fast as Adam and as good as SGD, alt.
foolbox - Adversarial examples that fool neural networks.
hiddenlayer - Training metrics.
imgclsmob - Pretrained models.
netron - Visualizer for deep learning and machine learning models.
ffcv - Fast dataloder.

Libs Pytorch

Good Pytorch Introduction

skorch - Scikit-learn compatible neural network library that wraps pytorch, talk, slides.
fastai - Neural Networks in pytorch.
timm - Pytorch image models.
ignite - Highlevel library for pytorch.
torchcv - Deep Learning in Computer Vision.
pytorch-optimizer - Collection of optimizers for pytorch.
pytorch-lightning - Wrapper around PyTorch.
lightly - MoCo, SimCLR, SimSiam, Barlow Twins, BYOL, NNCLR.
MONAI - Deep learning in healthcare imaging.
kornia - Image transformations, epipolar geometry, depth estimation.

Distributed Libs

flexflow - Distributed TensorFlow Keras and PyTorch.

Architecture Visualization

Awesome List
netron - Viewer for neural networks.

Object detection / Instance Segmentation

segmentation_models - Segmentation models with pretrained backbones: Unet, FPN, Linknet, PSPNet.
yolact - Fully convolutional model for real-time instance segmentation.
EfficientDet Pytorch, EfficientDet Keras - Scalable and Efficient Object Detection.
detectron2 - Object Detection (Mask R-CNN) by Facebook.
simpledet - Object Detection and Instance Recognition.
CenterNet - Object detection.
FCOS - Fully Convolutional One-Stage Object Detection.
norfair - Real-time 2D object tracking.
Detic - Detector with image classes that can use image-level labels (facebookresearch).

Image Annotation

cvat - Image annotation tool.
pigeon - Create annotations from within a Jupyter notebook.

Image Classification

nfnets - Neural network.
efficientnet - Neural network.
pycls - Pytorch image classification networks: ResNet, ResNeXt, EfficientNet, and RegNet (by Facebook).

Applications and Snippets

SPADE - Semantic Image Synthesis.
Entity Embeddings of Categorical Variables, code, kaggle
Image Super-Resolution - Super-scaling using a Residual Dense Network.
Cell Segmentation - Talk, Blog Posts: 1, 2
deeplearning-models - Deep learning models.

Variational Autoencoders (VAEs)

Variational Autoencoder Explanation Video
disentanglement_lib - BetaVAE, FactorVAE, BetaTCVAE, DIP-VAE.
ladder-vae-pytorch - Ladder Variational Autoencoders (LVAE).

Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs)

Awesome GAN Applications
The GAN Zoo - List of Generative Adversarial Networks.
CycleGAN and Pix2pix - Various image-to-image tasks.
Tensorflow GAN implementations
Pytorch GAN implementations
Pytorch GAN implementations
StudioGAN - Pytorch GAN implementations.


SegFormer - Simple and Efficient Design for Semantic Segmentation with Transformers.
esvit - Efficient self-supervised Vision Transformers.

Graph-Based Neural Networks

How to do Deep Learning on Graphs with Graph Convolutional Networks
Introduction To Graph Convolutional Networks
An attempt at demystifying graph deep learning
ogb - Open Graph Benchmark, Benchmark datasets.
networkx - Graph library.
cugraph - RAPIDS, Graph library on the GPU.
pytorch-geometric - Various methods for deep learning on graphs.
dgl - Deep Graph Library.
graph_nets - Build graph networks in Tensorflow, by deepmind.

Other neural network and deep learning frameworks

caffe - Deep learning framework, pretrained models.
mxnet - Deep learning framework, book.

Model conversion

hummingbird - Compile trained ML models into tensor computations (by Microsoft).


cuML - RAPIDS, Run traditional tabular ML tasks on GPUs, Intro.
thundergbm - GBDTs and Random Forest.
thundersvm - Support Vector Machines.
Legate Numpy - Distributed Numpy array multiple using GPUs by Nvidia (not released yet) video.


Understanding SVM Regression: slides, forum, paper

pyearth - Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS), tutorial.
pygam - Generalized Additive Models (GAMs), Explanation.
GLRM - Generalized Low Rank Models.
tweedie - Specialized distribution for zero inflated targets, Talk.
MAPIE - Estimating prediction intervals.


Talk, Notebook
Blog post: Probability Scoring
All classification metrics
DESlib - Dynamic classifier and ensemble selection.
human-learn - Create and tune classifier based on your rule set.

Metric Learning

Contrastive Representation Learning

metric-learn - Supervised and weakly-supervised metric learning algorithms.
pytorch-metric-learning - Pytorch metric learning.
deep_metric_learning - Methods for deep metric learning.
ivis - Metric learning using siamese neural networks.
tensorflow similarity - Metric learning.

Distance Functions

scipy.spatial - All kinds of distance metrics.
pyemd - Earth Mover's Distance / Wasserstein distance, similarity between histograms. OpenCV implementation, POT implementation
dcor - Distance correlation and related Energy statistics.
GeomLoss - Kernel norms, Hausdorff divergences, Debiased Sinkhorn divergences (=approximation of Wasserstein distance).

Self-supervised Learning

lightly - MoCo, SimCLR, SimSiam, Barlow Twins, BYOL, NNCLR.
vissl - Self-Supervised Learning with PyTorch: RotNet, Jigsaw, NPID, ClusterFit, PIRL, SimCLR, MoCo, DeepCluster, SwAV.


Overview of clustering algorithms applied image data (= Deep Clustering).
Clustering with Deep Learning: Taxonomy and New Methods.
hdbscan - Clustering algorithm, talk, blog.
pyclustering - All sorts of clustering algorithms.
FCPS - Fundamental Clustering Problems Suite (R package).
GaussianMixture - Generalized k-means clustering using a mixture of Gaussian distributions, video.
nmslib - Similarity search library and toolkit for evaluation of k-NN methods.
buckshotpp - Outlier-resistant and scalable clustering algorithm.
merf - Mixed Effects Random Forest for Clustering, video
tree-SNE - Hierarchical clustering algorithm based on t-SNE.
MiniSom - Pure Python implementation of the Self Organizing Maps.
distribution_clustering, paper, related paper, alt.
phenograph - Clustering by community detection.
HypHC - Hyperbolic Hierarchical Clustering.
BanditPAM - Improved k-Medoids Clustering.

Clustering Evalutation

Wagner, Wagner - Comparing Clusterings - An Overview

Assessing the quality of a clustering (video)
fpc - Various methods for clustering and cluster validation (R package).

  • Minimum distance between any two clusters
  • Distance between centroids
  • p-separation index: Like minimum distance. Look at the average distance to nearest point in different cluster for p=10% "border" points in any cluster. Measuring density, measuring mountains vs valleys
  • Estimate density by weighted count of close points Other measures
  • Within-cluster average distance
  • Mean of within-cluster average distance over nearest-cluster average distance (silhouette score)
  • Within-cluster similarity measure to normal/uniform
  • Within-cluster (squared) distance to centroid (this is the k-Means loss function)
  • Correlation coefficient between distance we originally had to the distance the are induced by the clustering (Huberts Gamma)
  • Entropy of cluster sizes
  • Average largest within-cluster gap
  • Variation of clusterings on bootstrapped data

Multi-label classification

scikit-multilearn - Multi-label classification, talk.

Signal Processing and Filtering

Stanford Lecture Series on Fourier Transformation, Youtube, Lecture Notes.
The Scientist & Engineer's Guide to Digital Signal Processing (1999).
Kalman Filter article.
Kalman Filter book - Focuses on intuition using Jupyter Notebooks. Includes Baysian and various Kalman filters.
Interactive Tool for FIR and IIR filters, Examples.
filterpy - Kalman filtering and optimal estimation library.


geomstats - Computations and statistics on manifolds with geometric structures.

Time Series

statsmodels - Time series analysis, seasonal decompose example, SARIMA, granger causality.
kats - Time series prediction library by Facebook.
prophet - Time series prediction library by Facebook.
neural_prophet - Time series prediction built on Pytorch.
pyramid, pmdarima - Wrapper for (Auto-) ARIMA.
modeltime - Time series forecasting framework (R package).
pyflux - Time series prediction algorithms (ARIMA, GARCH, GAS, Bayesian).
atspy - Automated Time Series Models.
pm-prophet - Time series prediction and decomposition library.
htsprophet - Hierarchical Time Series Forecasting using Prophet.
nupic - Hierarchical Temporal Memory (HTM) for Time Series Prediction and Anomaly Detection.
tensorflow - LSTM and others, examples: link, link, link, Explain LSTM, seq2seq: 1, 2, 3, 4
tspreprocess - Preprocessing: Denoising, Compression, Resampling.
tsfresh - Time series feature engineering.
thunder - Data structures and algorithms for loading, processing, and analyzing time series data.
gatspy - General tools for Astronomical Time Series, talk.
gendis - shapelets, example.
tslearn - Time series clustering and classification, TimeSeriesKMeans, TimeSeriesKMeans.
pastas - Simulation of time series.
fastdtw - Dynamic Time Warp Distance.
fable - Time Series Forecasting (R package).
pydlm - Bayesian time series modeling (R package, Blog post)
PyAF - Automatic Time Series Forecasting.
luminol - Anomaly Detection and Correlation library from Linkedin.
matrixprofile-ts - Detecting patterns and anomalies, website, ppt, alternative.
stumpy - Another matrix profile library.
obspy - Seismology package. Useful classic_sta_lta function.
RobustSTL - Robust Seasonal-Trend Decomposition.
seglearn - Time Series library.
pyts - Time series transformation and classification, Imaging time series.
Turn time series into images and use Neural Nets: example, example.
sktime, sktime-dl - Toolbox for (deep) learning with time series.
adtk - Time Series Anomaly Detection.
rocket - Time Series classification using random convolutional kernels.
luminaire - Anomaly Detection for time series.
etna - Time Series library.

Time Series Evaluation

TimeSeriesSplit - Sklearn time series split.
tscv - Evaluation with gap.

Financial Data

Tutorial on using cvxpy: 1, 2
pandas-datareader - Read stock data.
yfinance - Read stock data from Yahoo Finance.
findatapy - Read stock data from various sources.
ta - Technical analysis library.
backtrader - Backtesting for trading strategies.
surpriver - Find high moving stocks before they move using anomaly detection and machine learning.
ffn - Financial functions.
bt - Backtesting algorithms.
alpaca-trade-api-python - Commission-free trading through API.
eiten - Eigen portfolios, minimum variance portfolios and other algorithmic investing strategies.
tf-quant-finance - Quantitative finance tools in tensorflow, by Google.
quantstats - Portfolio management.
Riskfolio-Lib - Portfolio optimization and strategic asset allocation.

Quantopian Stack

pyfolio - Portfolio and risk analytics.
zipline - Algorithmic trading.
alphalens - Performance analysis of predictive stock factors.
empyrical - Financial risk metrics.
trading_calendars - Calendars for various securities exchanges.

Survival Analysis

Time-dependent Cox Model in R.
lifelines - Survival analysis, Cox PH Regression, talk, talk2.
scikit-survival - Survival analysis.
xgboost - "objective": "survival:cox" NHANES example
survivalstan - Survival analysis, intro.
convoys - Analyze time lagged conversions.
RandomSurvivalForests (R packages: randomForestSRC, ggRandomForests).
pysurvival - Survival analysis.
DeepSurvivalMachines - Fully Parametric Survival Regression.

Outlier Detection & Anomaly Detection

sklearn - Isolation Forest and others.
pyod - Outlier Detection / Anomaly Detection.
eif - Extended Isolation Forest.
AnomalyDetection - Anomaly detection (R package).
luminol - Anomaly Detection and Correlation library from Linkedin.
Distances for comparing histograms and detecting outliers - Talk: Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Wasserstein, Energy Distance (Cramer), Kullback-Leibler divergence.
banpei - Anomaly detection library based on singular spectrum transformation.
telemanom - Detect anomalies in multivariate time series data using LSTMs.
luminaire - Anomaly Detection for time series.


lightning - Large-scale linear classification, regression and ranking.


SLIM - Scoring systems for classification, Supersparse linear integer models.

Causal Inference

CausalImpact - Causal Impact Analysis (R package).
causallib - Modular causal inference analysis and model evaluations by IBM, examples.
causalml - Causal inference by Uber.
upliftml - Causal inference by
EconML - Heterogeneous Treatment Effects Estimation by Microsoft.

Probabilistic Modeling and Bayes

Intro, Guide
PyMC3 - Baysian modelling, intro
pomegranate - Probabilistic modelling, talk.
pmlearn - Probabilistic machine learning.
arviz - Exploratory analysis of Bayesian models.
zhusuan - Bayesian deep learning, generative models.
dowhy - Estimate causal effects.
edward - Probabilistic modeling, inference, and criticism, Mixture Density Networks (MNDs), MDN Explanation.
Pyro - Deep Universal Probabilistic Programming.
tensorflow probability - Deep learning and probabilistic modelling, talk1, notebook talk1, talk2, example.
bambi - High-level Bayesian model-building interface on top of PyMC3.
neural-tangents - Infinite Neural Networks.

Gaussian Processes

Visualization, Article
GPyOpt - Gaussian process optimization.
GPflow - Gaussian processes (Tensorflow).
gpytorch - Gaussian processes (Pytorch).

Stacking Models and Ensembles

Model Stacking Blog Post
mlxtend - EnsembleVoteClassifier, StackingRegressor, StackingCVRegressor for model stacking.
vecstack - Stacking ML models.
StackNet - Stacking ML models.
mlens - Ensemble learning.
combo - Combining ML models (stacking, ensembling).

Model Evaluation

pycm - Multi-class confusion matrix.
pandas_ml - Confusion matrix.
Plotting learning curve: link.
yellowbrick - Learning curve.
pyroc - Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves.

Model Uncertainty

uncertainty-toolbox - Predictive uncertainty quantification, calibration, metrics, and visualization.

Interpretable Classifiers and Regressors

skope-rules - Interpretable classifier, IF-THEN rules.
sklearn-expertsys - Interpretable classifiers, Bayesian Rule List classifier.

Model Explanation, Interpretability, Feature Importance

Book, Examples
shap - Explain predictions of machine learning models, talk, Good Shap intro.
treeinterpreter - Interpreting scikit-learn's decision tree and random forest predictions.
lime - Explaining the predictions of any machine learning classifier, talk, Warning (Myth 7).
lime_xgboost - Create LIMEs for XGBoost.
eli5 - Inspecting machine learning classifiers and explaining their predictions.
lofo-importance - Leave One Feature Out Importance, talk, examples: 1, 2, 3.
pybreakdown - Generate feature contribution plots.
FairML - Model explanation, feature importance.
pycebox - Individual Conditional Expectation Plot Toolbox.
pdpbox - Partial dependence plot toolbox, example.
partial_dependence - Visualize and cluster partial dependence.
skater - Unified framework to enable model interpretation.
anchor - High-Precision Model-Agnostic Explanations for classifiers.
l2x - Instancewise feature selection as methodology for model interpretation.
contrastive_explanation - Contrastive explanations.
DrWhy - Collection of tools for explainable AI.
lucid - Neural network interpretability.
xai - An eXplainability toolbox for machine learning.
innvestigate - A toolbox to investigate neural network predictions.
dalex - Explanations for ML models (R package).
interpretml - Fit interpretable models, explain models.

Automated Machine Learning

AdaNet - Automated machine learning based on tensorflow.
tpot - Automated machine learning tool, optimizes machine learning pipelines.
auto_ml - Automated machine learning for analytics & production.
autokeras - AutoML for deep learning.
nni - Toolkit for neural architecture search and hyper-parameter tuning by Microsoft.
automl-gs - Automated machine learning.
mljar - Automated machine learning.
automl_zero - Automatically discover computer programs that can solve machine learning tasks from Google.
AlphaPy - Automated Machine Learning using scikit-learn xgboost, LightGBM and others.

Graph Representation Learning

Karate Club - Unsupervised learning on graphs.
Pytorch Geometric - Graph representation learning with PyTorch.
DLG - Graph representation learning with TensorFlow.

Convex optimization

cvxpy - Modeling language for convex optimization problems. Tutorial: 1, 2

Evolutionary Algorithms & Optimization

deap - Evolutionary computation framework (Genetic Algorithm, Evolution strategies).
evol - DSL for composable evolutionary algorithms, talk.
platypus - Multiobjective optimization.
autograd - Efficiently computes derivatives of numpy code.
nevergrad - Derivation-free optimization.
gplearn - Sklearn-like interface for genetic programming.
blackbox - Optimization of expensive black-box functions.
Optometrist algorithm - paper.
DeepSwarm - Neural architecture search.

Hyperparameter Tuning

sklearn - GridSearchCV, RandomizedSearchCV.
sklearn-deap - Hyperparameter search using genetic algorithms.
hyperopt - Hyperparameter optimization.
hyperopt-sklearn - Hyperopt + sklearn.
optuna - Hyperparamter optimization, Talk.
skopt - BayesSearchCV for Hyperparameter search.
tune - Hyperparameter search with a focus on deep learning and deep reinforcement learning.
hypergraph - Global optimization methods and hyperparameter optimization.
bbopt - Black box hyperparameter optimization.
dragonfly - Scalable Bayesian optimisation.
botorch - Bayesian optimization in PyTorch.
ax - Adaptive Experimentation Platform by Facebook.

Incremental Learning, Online Learning

sklearn - PassiveAggressiveClassifier, PassiveAggressiveRegressor.
river - Online machine learning.
Kaggler - Online Learning algorithms.
onelearn - Online Random Forests.

Active Learning

modAL - Active learning framework.

Reinforcement Learning

YouTube, YouTube
Intro to Monte Carlo Tree Search (MCTS) - 1, 2, 3
AlphaZero methodology - 1, 2, 3, Cheat Sheet
RLLib - Library for reinforcement learning.
Horizon - Facebook RL framework.

Deployment and Lifecycle Management


Reduce size of docker images (video)

Dependency Management

dephell - Dependency management.
poetry - Dependency management.
pyup - Dependency management.
pypi-timemachine - Install packages with pip as if you were in the past.

Data Versioning and Pipelines

dvc - Version control for large files.
hangar - Version control for tensor data.
kedro - Build data pipelines.
feast - Feature store. Video.

Data Science Related

m2cgen - Transpile trained ML models into other languages.
sklearn-porter - Transpile trained scikit-learn estimators to C, Java, JavaScript and others.
mlflow - Manage the machine learning lifecycle, including experimentation, reproducibility and deployment.
modelchimp - Experiment Tracking.
skll - Command-line utilities to make it easier to run machine learning experiments.
BentoML - Package and deploy machine learning models for serving in production.
dagster - Tool with focus on dependency graphs.
knockknock - Be notified when your training ends.
metaflow - Lifecycle Management Tool by Netflix.
cortex - Deploy machine learning models.
Neptune - Experiment tracking and model registry.
clearml - Experiment Manager, MLOps and Data-Management.

Math and Background

All kinds of math and statistics resources
Gilbert Strang - Linear Algebra
Gilbert Strang - Matrix Methods in Data Analysis, Signal Processing, and Machine Learning


daft - Render probabilistic graphical models using matplotlib.
unyt - Working with units.
scrapy - Web scraping library.
VowpalWabbit - ML Toolkit from Microsoft.
Python Record Linkage Toolkit - link records in or between data sources.

General Python Programming

more_itertools - Extension of itertools.
funcy - Fancy and practical functional tools.
dateparser - A better date parser.
jellyfish - Approximate string matching.
coloredlogs - Colored logging output.

Resources - Blog.
Machine Learning Videos
Data Science Notebooks
Recommender Systems (Microsoft)
Datascience Cheatsheets


datasharing - Guide to data sharing.

List of Books

Mat Kelceys list of cool machine learning books

Other Awesome Lists

Awesome Adversarial Machine Learning
Awesome AI Booksmarks
Awesome AI on Kubernetes
Awesome Big Data
Awesome Business Machine Learning
Awesome Causality
Awesome Community Detection
Awesome CSV
Awesome Data Science with Ruby
Awesome Dash
Awesome Decision Trees
Awesome Deep Learning
Awesome ETL
Awesome Financial Machine Learning
Awesome Fraud Detection
Awesome GAN Applications
Awesome Graph Classification
Awesome Industry Machine Learning
Awesome Gradient Boosting
Awesome Learning with Label Noise
Awesome Machine Learning
Awesome Machine Learning Interpretability
Awesome Machine Learning Operations
Awesome Metric Learning
Awesome Monte Carlo Tree Search
[Awesome Neural Network Visualization)(
Awesome Online Machine Learning
Awesome Pipeline
Awesome Public APIs
Awesome Python
Awesome Python Data Science
Awesome Python Data Science
Awesome Python Data Science
Awesome Pytorch
Awesome Quantitative Finance
Awesome Recommender Systems
Awesome Semantic Segmentation
Awesome Sentence Embedding
Awesome Time Series
Awesome Time Series Anomaly Detection
Awesome Visual Attentions
Awesome Visual Transformer


Convolutional Neural Networks for Visual Recognition - Stanford CS class.
NYU Deep Learning SP21 - Youtube Playlist.

Things I google a lot

Color codes
Frequency codes for time series
Date parsing codes
Feature Calculators tsfresh


Do you know a package that should be on this list? Did you spot a package that is no longer maintained and should be removed from this list? Then feel free to read the contribution guidelines and submit your pull request or create a new issue.



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