This software belongs to the publication
Konrad Rieck, Philipp Trinius, Carsten Willems, and Thorsten Holz. Automatic Analysis of Malware Behavior using Machine Learning. Journal of Computer Security (JCS), 19 (4), 639–668, June 2011. Preprint
Malheur is a tool for the automatic analysis of malware behavior (program behavior recorded from malicious software in a sandbox environment). It has been designed to support the regular analysis of malicious software and the development of detection and defense measures. Malheur allows for identifying novel classes of malware with similar behavior and assigning unknown malware to discovered classes. It supports four basic actions for analysis which can be applied to reports of recorded behavior:
Extraction of prototypes: From a given set of reports, malheur identifies a subset of prototypes representative for the full data set. The prototypes provide a quick overview of recorded behavior and can be used to guide manual inspection.
Clustering of behavior Malheur automatically identifies groups (clusters) of reports containing similar behavior. Clustering allows for discovering novel classes of malware and provides the basis for crafting specific detection and defense mechanisms, such as anti-virus signatures.
Classification of behavior: Based on a set of previously clustered reports, malheur is able to assign unknown behavior to known groups of malware. Classification enables identifying novel and unknown variants of malware and can be used to filter program behavior prior to manual inspection.
Incremental analysis: Malheur can be applied incrementally for analysis of large data sets. By processing reports in chunks, the run-time as well as memory requirements can be significantly reduced. This renders long-term application of malheur feasible, for example for daily analysis of incoming malware programs.
A detailed description of these techniques as well as technical background on analysis of malicious software is provided in the following articles:
"Automatic Analysis of Malware Behavior using Machine Learning." Konrad Rieck, Philipp Trinius, Carsten Willems, and Thorsten Holz Journal of Computer Security (JCS), 19 (4) 639-668, 2011.
"A Malware Instruction Set for Behavior-Based Analysis." Philipp Trinius, Carsten Willems, Thorsten Holz, and Konrad Rieck Technical report TR-2009-07, University of Mannheim, 2009
The following packages need to be installed for compiling Malheur on Debian and Ubuntu Linux
gcc libconfig9-dev libarchive-dev
For bootstrapping Malheur from the GIT repository or manipulating the automake/autoconf configuration, the following additional packages are necessary.
automake autoconf libtool
For compiling Malheur on Mac OS X a working installation of Xcode is required
gcc. Additionally, the following packages need to be installed
libconfig libarchive (from homebrew-alt)
For compiling Malheur on OpenBSD the following packages are required. Note
that you need to use
gmake instead of
make for building Malheur.
gmake libconfig libarchive
For bootstrapping Malheur from the GIT repository, the following packages need be additionally installed
autoconf automake libtool
From GIT repository first run
From tarball run
$ ./configure [options] $ make $ make check $ make install
Options for configure
--prefix=PATH Set directory prefix for installation
By default Malheur is installed into /usr/local. If you prefer a different location, use this option to select an installation directory.
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version. This program is distributed without any warranty. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
Copyright (c) 2009-2015 Konrad Rieck ([email protected]) University of Goettingen, Berlin Institute of Technology