A Simple cross-platform library for communicating with HID devices
Alternatives To Hidapi
Project NameStarsDownloadsRepos Using ThisPackages Using ThisMost Recent CommitTotal ReleasesLatest ReleaseOpen IssuesLicenseLanguage
2 days ago6June 04, 202243otherC
A Simple cross-platform library for communicating with HID devices
Mpf6216 years ago2March 31, 20174C#
A GUI Framework for .Net Core / 运行于 .Net Core 的 GUI 框架
3 years ago1gpl-3.0Python
A GUI app for playing with HID devices, written in Python
Alternatives To Hidapi
Select To Compare

Alternative Project Comparisons

HIDAPI library for Windows, Linux, FreeBSD and macOS

CI instance Status
Linux/macOS/Windows (master) GitHub Builds
Windows (master) Build status
BSD, last build (branch/PR) builds.sr.ht status
Coverity Scan (last) Coverity Scan

HIDAPI is a multi-platform library which allows an application to interface with USB and Bluetooth HID-Class devices on Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, and macOS. HIDAPI can be either built as a shared library (.so, .dll or .dylib) or can be embedded directly into a target application by adding a single source file (per platform) and a single header.
See remarks on embedding directly into your build system.

HIDAPI library was originally developed by Alan Ott (signal11).

It was moved to libusb/hidapi on June 4th, 2019, in order to merge important bugfixes and continue development of the library.

Table of Contents


HIDAPI has four back-ends:

  • Windows (using hid.dll)
  • Linux/hidraw (using the Kernel's hidraw driver)
  • libusb (using libusb-1.0 - Linux/BSD/other UNIX-like systems)
  • macOS (using IOHidManager)

On Linux, either the hidraw or the libusb back-end can be used. There are tradeoffs, and the functionality supported is slightly different. Both are built by default. It is up to the application linking to hidapi to choose the backend at link time by linking to either libhidapi-libusb or libhidapi-hidraw.

Note that you will need to install an udev rule file with your application for unprivileged users to be able to access HID devices with hidapi. Refer to the 69-hid.rules file in the udev directory for an example.

Linux/hidraw (linux/hid.c):

This back-end uses the hidraw interface in the Linux kernel, and supports both USB and Bluetooth HID devices. It requires kernel version at least 2.6.39 to build. In addition, it will only communicate with devices which have hidraw nodes associated with them. Keyboards, mice, and some other devices which are blacklisted from having hidraw nodes will not work. Fortunately, for nearly all the uses of hidraw, this is not a problem.

Linux/FreeBSD/libusb (libusb/hid.c):

This back-end uses libusb-1.0 to communicate directly to a USB device. This back-end will of course not work with Bluetooth devices.

Test GUI

HIDAPI also comes with a Test GUI. The Test GUI is cross-platform and uses Fox Toolkit http://www.fox-toolkit.org. It will build on every platform which HIDAPI supports. Since it relies on a 3rd party library, building it is optional but it is useful when debugging hardware.

NOTE: Test GUI based on Fox Toolkit is not actively developed nor supported by HIDAPI team. It is kept as a historical artifact. It may even work sometime or on some platforms, but it is not going to get any new features or bugfixes.

Instructions for installing Fox-Toolkit on each platform is not provided. Make sure to use Fox-Toolkit v1.6 if you choose to use it.

Console Test App

If you want to play around with your HID device before starting any development with HIDAPI and using a GUI app is not an option for you, you may try hidapitester.

This app has a console interface for most of the features supported by HIDAPI library.

What Does the API Look Like?

The API provides the most commonly used HID functions including sending and receiving of input, output, and feature reports. The sample program, which communicates with a heavily hacked up version of the Microchip USB Generic HID sample looks like this (with error checking removed for simplicity):

Warning: Only run the code you understand, and only when it conforms to the device spec. Writing data (hid_write) at random to your HID devices can break them.

#include <stdio.h> // printf
#include <wchar.h> // wchar_t

#include <hidapi.h>

#define MAX_STR 255

int main(int argc, char* argv[])
	int res;
	unsigned char buf[65];
	wchar_t wstr[MAX_STR];
	hid_device *handle;
	int i;

	// Initialize the hidapi library
	res = hid_init();

	// Open the device using the VID, PID,
	// and optionally the Serial number.
	handle = hid_open(0x4d8, 0x3f, NULL);
	if (!handle) {
		printf("Unable to open device\n");
 		return 1;

	// Read the Manufacturer String
	res = hid_get_manufacturer_string(handle, wstr, MAX_STR);
	printf("Manufacturer String: %ls\n", wstr);

	// Read the Product String
	res = hid_get_product_string(handle, wstr, MAX_STR);
	printf("Product String: %ls\n", wstr);

	// Read the Serial Number String
	res = hid_get_serial_number_string(handle, wstr, MAX_STR);
	printf("Serial Number String: (%d) %ls\n", wstr[0], wstr);

	// Read Indexed String 1
	res = hid_get_indexed_string(handle, 1, wstr, MAX_STR);
	printf("Indexed String 1: %ls\n", wstr);

	// Toggle LED (cmd 0x80). The first byte is the report number (0x0).
	buf[0] = 0x0;
	buf[1] = 0x80;
	res = hid_write(handle, buf, 65);

	// Request state (cmd 0x81). The first byte is the report number (0x0).
	buf[0] = 0x0;
	buf[1] = 0x81;
	res = hid_write(handle, buf, 65);

	// Read requested state
	res = hid_read(handle, buf, 65);

	// Print out the returned buffer.
	for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
		printf("buf[%d]: %d\n", i, buf[i]);

	// Close the device

	// Finalize the hidapi library
	res = hid_exit();

	return 0;

You can also use hidtest/test.c as a starting point for your applications.


HIDAPI may be used by one of three licenses as outlined in LICENSE.txt.

Installing HIDAPI

If you want to build your own application that uses HID devices with HIDAPI, you need to get HIDAPI development package.

Depending on what your development environment is, HIDAPI likely to be provided by your package manager.

For instance on Ubuntu, HIDAPI is available via APT:

sudo apt install libhidapi-dev

HIDAPI package name for other systems/package managers may differ. Check the documentation/package list of your package manager.

Build from Source

Check BUILD.md for details.

Popular Hid Projects
Popular Gui Projects
Popular Hardware Categories
Related Searches

Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Categories
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.