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GO2Sky

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GO2Sky is an instrument SDK library, written in Go, by following Apache SkyWalking tracing and metrics formats.

Installation

$ go get -u github.com/SkyAPM/go2sky

The API of this project is still evolving. The use of vendoring tool is recommended.

Quickstart

By completing this quickstart, you will learn how to trace local methods. For more details, please view the example.

Configuration

GO2Sky can export traces to Apache SkyWalking OAP server or local logger. In the following example, we configure GO2Sky to export to OAP server, which is listening on oap-skywalking port 11800, and all the spans from this program will be associated with a service name example. reporter.GRPCReporter can also adjust the behavior through reporter.GRPCReporterOption, view all.

r, err := reporter.NewGRPCReporter("oap-skywalking:11800")
if err != nil {
    log.Fatalf("new reporter error %v \n", err)
}
defer r.Close()
tracer, err := go2sky.NewTracer("example", go2sky.WithReporter(r))
// create with sampler
// tracer, err := go2sky.NewTracer("example", go2sky.WithReporter(r), go2sky.WithSampler(0.5))

You can also create tracer with sampling rate. It supports decimals between 0-1 (two decimal places), representing the sampling percentage of trace.

....
tracer, err := go2sky.NewTracer("example", go2sky.WithReporter(r), go2sky.WithSampler(0.5))

Also could customize correlation context config.

tracer, err := go2sky.NewTracer("example", go2sky.WithReporter(r), go2sky.WithSampler(0.5), go2sky.WithCorrelation(3, 128))

Create span

To create a span in a trace, we used the Tracer to start a new span. We indicate this as the root span because of passing context.Background(). We must also be sure to end this span, which will be show in End span.

span, ctx, err := tracer.CreateLocalSpan(context.Background())

Create a sub span

A sub span created as the children of root span links to its parent with Context.

subSpan, newCtx, err := tracer.CreateLocalSpan(ctx)

Get correlation

Get custom data from tracing context.

value := go2sky.GetCorrelation(ctx, key)

Put correlation

Put custom data to tracing context.

success := go2sky.PutCorrelation(ctx, key, value)

End span

We must end the spans so they becomes available for sending to the backend by a reporter.

subSpan.End()
span.End()

Get Global Service Name

Get the ServiceName of the activeSpan in the Context.

go2sky.ServiceName(ctx)

Get Global Service Instance Name

Get the ServiceInstanceName of the activeSpan in the Context.

go2sky.ServiceInstanceName(ctx)

Get Global TraceID

Get the TraceID of the activeSpan in the Context.

go2sky.TraceID(ctx)

Get Global TraceSegmentID

Get the TraceSegmentID of the activeSpan in the Context.

go2sky.TraceSegmentID(ctx)

Get Global SpanID

Get the SpanID of the activeSpan in the Context.

go2sky.SpanID(ctx)

Periodically Report

Go2sky agent reports the segments periodically. It would not wait for all finished segments reported when the service exits.

Advanced Concepts

We cover some advanced topics about GO2Sky.

Context propagation

Trace links spans belong to it by using context propagation which varies between different scenario.

In process

We use context package to link spans. The root span usually pick context.Background(), and sub spans will inject the context generated by its parent.

//Create a new context
entrySpan, entryCtx, err := tracer.CreateEntrySpan(context.Background(), ...)

// Some operation
...

// Link two spans by injecting entrySpan context into exitSpan
exitSpan, err := tracer.CreateExitSpan(entryCtx, ...)

Crossing process

We use Entry span to extract context from downstream service, and use Exit span to inject context to upstream service.

Entry and Exit spans make sense to OAP analysis which generates topology map and service metrics.

//Extract context from HTTP request header `sw8`
span, ctx, err := tracer.CreateEntrySpan(r.Context(), "/api/login", func(key string) (string, error) {
		return r.Header.Get(key), nil
})

// Some operation
...

// Inject context into HTTP request header `sw8`
span, err := tracer.CreateExitSpan(req.Context(), "/service/validate", "tomcat-service:8080", func(key, value string) error {
		req.Header.Set(key, value)
		return nil
})

Tag

We set tags into a span which is stored in the backend, but some tags have special purpose. OAP server may use them to aggregate metrics, generate topology map and etc.

They are defined as constant in root package with prefix Tag.

Log x Trace context

Inject trace context into the log text. SkyWalking LAL(log analysis language) engine could extract the context from the text and correlate trace and logs.

// Get trace context data
import go2skylog "github.com/SkyAPM/go2sky/log"
logContext = go2skylog.FromContext(ctx)

// Build context data string
// Inject context string into log
// Context format string: [$serviceName,$instanceName,$traceId,$traceSegmentId,$spanId]
contextString := logContext.String()

Plugins

Go to go2sky-plugins repo to see all the plugins, click here.

CDS - Configuration Discovery Service

Configuration Discovery Service provides the dynamic configuration for the agent, defined in gRPC and stored in the backend.

Available key(s) and value(s) in Golang Agent.

Golang agent supports the following dynamic configurations.

Config Key Value Description Value Format Example
agent.sample_rate The percentage of trace when sampling. It's [0, 1], Same with WithSampler parameter. 0.1

License

Apache License 2.0. See LICENSE file for details.


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