Spring Boot Microservices

Spring Boot Template for Micro services Architecture - Show cases how to use Zuul for API Gateway, Spring OAuth 2.0 as Auth Server, Multiple Resource (Web Services) Servers, Angular Web App, Eureka dor registration and Discover and Hystrix for circuit breaker
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This repository is NO longer being actively maintained and out-of-sync with the latest Spring Boot and Spring Cloud releases.

Please fork the microservices-basics-spring-boot repository for the latest changes.

Additional features added to the new repository

  • Changes for supporting Spring OAuth2 when it moved from Spring cloud to Spring boot in 1.3 version
  • Docker - building services as containers and orchestrating them using various mechanisms
  • implementation for consumer driven contracts (CDC) and distributed tracing
  • Bug fixes

Spring Boot MicroServices Template

This repository is an example of how to get Microservices going using Spring Boot, Spring Cloud, Spring OAuth 2 and Netflix OSS frameworks.

Table of Content


Application Architecture

The application consists of 7 different services

Target Architecture

Target Architecture

Application Components


Using the application

Running on local m/c

  • You can build all the projects by running the ./build-all-projects.sh on Mac/Linux systems and then going to each individual folder and running the jars using the java -jar build/libs/sam<application_name>.jar command.
  • Please refer to the individual readme files on instructions of how to run the services. For demo, you can run the applications in the same order listed above.

Running using docker (NOTE: NOT WORKING with latest docker 1.8x since the gradle docker task is NOT compatible; also bug in Spring Boot 1.2.x)

  • Docker is an open platform for building, shipping and running distributed applications. Follow steps on the site to install docker based on your operating system.

  • Currently there is a bug in Spring Boot 1.2.x that affects the way how JPA starts in an app launched with executable jar. Hence while the docker containers are good to go, we will need to change the application once Spring boot 1.3 is released so that we can run this on docker.

  • Once docker is setup, we would reset the VM so as to start fresh. The examples were developed on Mac so follow these step; they would be fairly similar on Windows.

  • Once you open the docker program through terminal, follow these steps

    • Reset the VM => boot2docker delete
    • Start the VM giving it around 8 GB of RAM => boot2docker init -m 8192
    • Check whether the initialization parameters were successful => boot2docker info
    • Start the VM => boot2docker up
    • To connect the Docker client to the Docker daemon => $(boot2docker shellinit)
  • If you have not added your TLS certs to boot2docker; you would need to change docker to run the API on HTTP; while boot2docker 1.3 comes with TLS enabled. Hence you need to run the following command $(docker run sequenceiq/socat) at the docker prompt so that this image maps the api to HTTP port. You can check that it is working correctly(returns OK) using the command curl or connect the URL in the browser.

  • Run the mysql container using docker run -d -e MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD=password -e MYSQL_DATABASE=auth --name auth-db -p 3306:3306 mysql

  • On the mac command prompt, navigate to the root folder of the application (spring-boot-microservices) and run the ./docker-image-all-projects.sh command. This should build all the images and publish them to docker.

  • Run the individual images as below; note that the auth-server and api-gateway images fail because of Spring Boot 1.2.x bug.

    • Config Server
      • docker run -d --name config-server -p 8888:8888 anilallewar/config-server
      • docker logs -f config-server
    • Eureka Server
      • docker run -d --name registry-server -p 8761:8761 anilallewar/webservice-registry
      • docker logs -f registry-server
    • OAuth Server
      • docker run -d --name auth-server -p 8899:8899 anilallewar/auth-server
      • docker logs -f auth-server
    • User Webservice
      • docker run -d --name user-webservice anilallewar/user-webservice
      • docker logs -f user-web service
    • Task Webservice
      • docker run -d --name task-webservice anilallewar/task-webservice
      • docker logs -f task-webservice
    • Comments Webservice
      • docker run -d --name comments-webservice anilallewar/comments-webservice
      • docker logs -f comments-webservice
    • Web Portal
      • docker run -d --name web-portal anilallewar/web-portal
      • docker logs -f web-portal
    • Zuul API Gateway
      • docker run -d --name api-gateway -p 8080:8080 anilallewar/api-gateway
      • docker logs -f api-gateway
  • We also have a docker-compose file that can be used to start all the containers together using docker-compose up -d. However this doesn't work in our case since our containers need to be started in order e.g. config-server before everything, webservice-registry before rest of Eureka clients. Docker compose starts all containers together and this fails because containers like auth-server, web-portal start before their dependent containers have started. Please see here for more details.

  • Note:

    • If the gradle wrapper doesn't work, then install gradle and run gradle wrapper before using gradlew.
    • If you need to setup the classpath correctly, then run ./gradlew clean build eclipse which would setup the .classpath accordingly.

Microservices Overview

There is a growing adoption of Microservices in today's world. Numerous SAAS Companies are moving away from building monolithical products and instead adopting Microservices.

Focus on Component

In microservices world, a web serive or a microservice is the unit of component. This unit of component delivers a complete Business functionality and could rely on other microservices to fullfil that. These microservices are build separately and deployed separately unlike monoliths in which components can be built separately but are deployed together.

Microservices Overview

Focus on Business Capabilities and Running a Product

Another key aspect of microservices is that the focus of a team building a component now moves away from just delivering that component to running and maintainig that business functionality given by that component.

Focus on Business Capabilities

Focus on Decentralized Control and Decentalized Data Management

Due to the ability to build components separately and running them separately means, the notion of centralized control (goverance) and data management goes away. Traditionally monoliths were built around a set of set architecture, technology and frameworks. The key architects would decide what tech was used and key DBAs would decide which and how many databases are used. With Microservices, since each component caters to a somewhat complete business functionality, that centralized control by Key Architects and DBAs goes away. Some Components are best built using JEE and RDBMS, for some Real time Data Analytics is the key, they could use Apache Storm and Apache Kafka, for some others R is better fit, for IO Intensive systems may Node.js and MongoDB works out. Same way User data could now go in NoSQL databases, Transaction data could go in traditional RDBMS, Recommendation systems could use Hive as their Database and so on.

Decentralized Control ![Decentralied Control](/images/Decentralized Goverance.png)

Decentalized Data Management Decentralied Control

Disclaimer - While microservices is much talked about these days, make a note Microservices is not a Free lunch. There is an effort and complexity involved to building and running them, but once you do so, the benefits are plentiful.

You can read more about Microservices here - http://martinfowler.com/articles/microservices.html#CharacteristicsOfAMicroserviceArchitecture

Image References from - http://martinfowler.com/articles/microservices.html

Netflix OSS

Netflix OSS Home Page

Netflix is one of the pioneers behind the Microservices Architecture. Not only have they successfully run Microservices in production, but they have outsourced their battle hardened framework under Netflix Open Source Software Center initiative - http://netflix.github.io/#repo

You will find implementation of numerous of Netflix's Microservices platform pieces here. Here are few for your reference


Microservices is somewhat like SOA platform, that there are numerous services. Each Service when it comes online registers itself with Service Registry. When some other service wants to communicate with a already registered service, they would ask the Eureka Server the base url for that service. Multiple instances of the same service could register with Eureka, in that case Eureka could help in doing Load Balancing.


A Microservices environment is built to sustain failures of its parts, that is few of its microservices. In order to keep the system going, Netflix introduced a concept of circuit breaker. A Circuit Breaker provides alternative behavior in case certain microservice is gone down. This way the system gracefully switches to fallback behavior until the system recovers, rather than entire system suffering the ripple effects of failed service.


A Microservice environment needs a gateway. A Gateway is the only entity exposed to the outside world, which allows access to Microservices and does more. A Gateway could do

  • API Metering
  • Centralized Authentication/Authorization
  • Load Balancing
  • etc


Ribbon is a Load Balancing Client and is meant to work with Eureka Server. Ribbon talks to Eureka server and relies on it to get base url to one of the instances of microservice in question.

Spring Boot Overview

Folks who are familiar with Spring frameworks like Spring MVC, know spring is all about Dependency Injection and Configuration Management. While Spring is an excellent framework, it still takes quite some effort to make a Spring MVC project ready for production.

Spring Boot is Spring's approach towards Convention over Configuration. Spring Boot comes with numerous Start Projects, each starter projects provides a set of conventions which ensures you have a opinionated production ready app.

To begin with Spring Boot allows you to write web services with just One or two classes. See the example below

gradle dependency --> compile("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web")

public class Application{
   public static void main(String[] args){
      SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);

public class UserController{
    public User getUser(String id) {
        return new User(id,"firstName","lastName");



$>./gradlew clean build
say this Generates app.jar

Running Application

$>java -jar builds/lib/app.jar

The idea is to have multiple projects like above, one for each microservice. Look at the following directories in this repo

You can read in detail about Spring Boot here - https://spring.io/guides/gs/spring-boot/

Spring Cloud Overview

Spring Cloud provides tools for developers to quickly build some of the common patterns in distributed systems (e.g. configuration management, service discovery, circuit breakers, intelligent routing, micro-proxy, control bus, one-time tokens, global locks, leadership election, distributed sessions, cluster state)

You can read in detail about Spring Cloud here - http://projects.spring.io/spring-cloud/

Spring Cloud Config Overview

Spring Cloud config provides support for externalizing configuration in distributed systems. With the Config Server you have a central place to manage external properties for applications across all environments.

You can read in detail about Spring Cloud config here - http://cloud.spring.io/spring-cloud-config/

Spring Cloud Netflix Overview

Spring Cloud Netflix provides Netflix OSS integrations for Spring Boot apps through autoconfiguration and binding to the Spring Environment and other Spring programming model idioms.

You can read in detail about Spring Cloud Netflix here - http://cloud.spring.io/spring-cloud-netflix/

OAuth 2.0 Overview

OAuth2 is an authorization framework that specifies different ways a third-party application can obtain limited access to determined set of resources.

![OAuth2 abstract protocol](/images/OAuth2 abstract protocol flow.png)

OAuth defines four roles:

resource owner: An entity capable of granting access to a protected resource. When the resource owner is a person, it is referred to as an end-user.

resource server: The server hosting the protected resources, capable of accepting and responding to protected resource requests using access tokens.

client: An application making protected resource requests on behalf of the resource owner and with its authorization. The term "client" does not imply any particular implementation characteristics (e.g., whether the application executes on a server, a desktop, or other devices).

authorizationserver: The server issuing access tokens to the client after successfully authenticating the resource owner and obtaining authorization.

To get more details of how differnt authorizations work in OAuth2, please refer to the readme at auth-server

Spring OAuth2 Overview

Spring provides nice integration between Spring security and OAuth2 providers including the ability to setup your own authorization server. Please see Spring security with OAuth2 for more details.

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