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nvim-lspconfig

A collection of common configurations for Neovim's built-in language server client.

This repo handles automatically launching and initializing language servers that are installed on your system.

LSP overview

Neovim supports the Language Server Protocol (LSP), which means it acts as a client to language servers and includes a Lua framework vim.lsp for building enhanced LSP tools. LSP facilitates features like:

  • go-to-definition
  • find-references
  • hover
  • completion
  • rename
  • format
  • refactor

Neovim provides an interface for all of these features, and the language server client is designed to be highly extensible to allow plugins to integrate language server features which are not yet present in Neovim core such as auto-completion (as opposed to manual completion with omnifunc) and snippet integration.

These features are not implemented in this repo, but in Neovim core. See :help lsp for more details.

Install

  • Requires Neovim v0.5.0 or Nightly. Update Neovim and nvim-lspconfig before reporting an issue.

  • Install nvim-lspconfig like any other Vim plugin, e.g. with vim-plug:

Plug 'neovim/nvim-lspconfig'

Quickstart

  1. Install a language server, e.g. pyright
npm i -g pyright
  1. Add the language server setup to your init.vim. The server name must match those found in the table of contents in CONFIG.md
lua << EOF
require'lspconfig'.pyright.setup{}
EOF
  1. Create a project, this project must contain a file matching the root directory trigger. See Automatically launching language servers for additional info.
mkdir test_python_project
cd test_python_project
git init
touch main.py
  1. Launch neovim, the language server will now be attached and providing diagnostics (see :LspInfo) nvim main.py
  2. See Keybindings and completion for mapping useful functions and enabling omnifunc completion

Automatically launching language servers

In order to automatically launch a language server, lspconfig searches up the directory tree from your current buffer to find a file matching the root_dir pattern defined in each server's configuration. For pyright, this is any directory containing ".git", "setup.py", "setup.cfg", "pyproject.toml", or "requirements.txt").

Language servers require each project to have a root in order to provide completion and search across symbols that may not be defined in your current file, and to avoid having to index your entire filesystem on each startup.

Enabling additional language servers

Enabling most language servers is as easy as installing the language server, ensuring it is on your PATH, and adding the following to your config:

lua << EOF
require'lspconfig'.rust_analyzer.setup{}
EOF

For a full list of servers, see CONFIG.md. This document contains installation instructions and additional, optional customization suggestions for each language server. For some servers that are not on your system path (jdtls, elixirls) you will be required to manually add cmd as an entry in the table passed to setup. Most language servers can be installed in less than a minute.

Keybindings and completion

nvim-lspconfig does not map keybindings or enable completion by default. Manual, triggered completion can be provided by neovim's built-in omnifunc. For autocompletion, a general purpose autocompletion plugin is required. The following example configuration provides suggested keymaps for the most commonly used language server functions, and manually triggered completion with omnifunc (<c-x><c-o>). Note: you must pass the defined on_attach as an argument to every setup {} call and the keybindings in on_attach only take effect after the language server has started (attached to the current buffer).

lua << EOF
local nvim_lsp = require('lspconfig')

-- Use an on_attach function to only map the following keys
-- after the language server attaches to the current buffer
local on_attach = function(client, bufnr)
  local function buf_set_keymap(...) vim.api.nvim_buf_set_keymap(bufnr, ...) end
  local function buf_set_option(...) vim.api.nvim_buf_set_option(bufnr, ...) end

  --Enable completion triggered by <c-x><c-o>
  buf_set_option('omnifunc', 'v:lua.vim.lsp.omnifunc')

  -- Mappings.
  local opts = { noremap=true, silent=true }

  -- See `:help vim.lsp.*` for documentation on any of the below functions
  buf_set_keymap('n', 'gD', '<Cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.declaration()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', 'gd', '<Cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.definition()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', 'K', '<Cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.hover()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', 'gi', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.implementation()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<C-k>', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.signature_help()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>wa', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.add_workspace_folder()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>wr', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.remove_workspace_folder()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>wl', '<cmd>lua print(vim.inspect(vim.lsp.buf.list_workspace_folders()))<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>D', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.type_definition()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>rn', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.rename()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>ca', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.code_action()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', 'gr', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.references()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>e', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.show_line_diagnostics()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '[d', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.goto_prev()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', ']d', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.goto_next()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap('n', '<space>q', '<cmd>lua vim.lsp.diagnostic.set_loclist()<CR>', opts)
  buf_set_keymap("n", "<space>f", "<cmd>lua vim.lsp.buf.formatting()<CR>", opts)

end

-- Use a loop to conveniently call 'setup' on multiple servers and
-- map buffer local keybindings when the language server attaches
local servers = { "pyright", "rust_analyzer", "tsserver" }
for _, lsp in ipairs(servers) do
  nvim_lsp[lsp].setup {
    on_attach = on_attach,
    flags = {
      debounce_text_changes = 150,
    }
  }
end
EOF

The on_attach hook is used to only activate the bindings after the language server attaches to the current buffer.

Debugging

If you have an issue with lspconfig, the first step is to reproduce with a minimal configuration.

The most common reasons a language server does not start or attach are:

  1. The language server is not installed. nvim-lspconfig does not install language servers for you. You should be able to run the cmd defined in each server's lua module from the command line and see that the language server starts. If the cmd is an executable name, ensure it is on your path.

  2. Not triggering root detection. The language server will only start if it is opened in a directory, or child directory, containing a file which signals the root of the project. Most of the time, this is a .git folder, but each server defines the root config in the lua file. See CONFIG.md or the source for the list of root directories.

  3. Misconfiguration. You must pass on_attach and capabilities for each setup {} if you want these to take effect. You must also not call setup {} twice for the same server. The second call to setup {} will overwrite the first.

:LspInfo provides a handy overview of your active and configured language servers. Note, that it will not report any configuration changes applied in on_new_config.

Before reporting a bug, check your logs and the output of :LspInfo. Add the following to your init.vim to enable logging:

lua << EOF
vim.lsp.set_log_level("debug")
EOF

Attempt to run the language server, and open the log with:

:lua vim.cmd('e'..vim.lsp.get_log_path())

Most of the time, the reason for failure is present in the logs.

Built-in commands

  • :LspInfo shows the status of active and configured language servers.

The following support tab-completion for all arguments:

  • :LspStart <config_name> Start the requested server name. Will only successfully start if the command detects a root directory matching the current config. Pass autostart = false to your .setup{} call for a language server if you would like to launch clients solely with this command. Defaults to all servers matching current buffer filetype.
  • :LspStop <client_id> Defaults to stopping all buffer clients.
  • :LspRestart <client_id> Defaults to restarting all buffer clients.

The wiki

Please see the wiki for additional topics, including:

Windows

In order for neovim to launch certain executables on Windows, it must append .cmd to the command name. To work around this, manually append .cmd to the entry cmd in a given plugin's setup{} call.

Contributions

If you are missing a language server on the list in CONFIG.md, contributing a new configuration for it would be appreciated. You can follow these steps:

  1. Read CONTRIBUTING.md.
  2. Choose a language from the coc.nvim wiki or emacs-lsp.
  3. Create a new file at lua/lspconfig/SERVER_NAME.lua.
  4. Ask questions on our Discourse or in the Neovim Gitter.

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