Mongo Express

Web-based MongoDB admin interface, written with Node.js and express
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Readme

mongo-express

npm version npm GitHub stars Known Vulnerabilities Build Status

A web-based MongoDB admin interface written with Node.js, Express, and Bootstrap 4

Features

  • Connect to multiple databases
  • View/add/delete databases
  • View/add/rename/delete collections
  • View/add/update/delete documents
  • Preview audio/video/image assets inline in the collection view
  • Nested and/or large objects are collapsible for easy overview
  • Async on-demand loading of big document properties (>100KB default) to keep collection view fast
  • GridFS support - add/get/delete incredibly large files
  • Use BSON data types in documents
  • Mobile / Responsive - Bootstrap 4 works passably on small screens when you're in a bind
  • Connect and authenticate to individual databases
  • Authenticate as admin to view all databases
  • Database blacklist/whitelist
  • Custom CA/TLS/SSL and CA validation disabling
  • Supports replica sets

Screenshots

Home Page Database View Collection View Editing A Document

These screenshots are from version 0.30.40 View the album for more screenshots: (server status, database views, etc..) https://imgur.com/a/9vHsF

Development

To test or develop with the latest version you can install using this git repository:

npm i mongo-express@git+https://github.com/mongo-express/mongo-express.git#master

Copy config.default.js to config.js and edit the default property to fit your local environment

Run the development build using:

npm run start-dev

Usage (npm / CLI)

mongo-express requires Node.js v4 or higher.

To install:

npm install -g mongo-express

Or if you want to install a non-global copy:

npm install mongo-express

By default config.default.js is used where the basic access authentication is admin:pass. This is obviously not safe, and there are warnings in the console.

To configure:

Copy YOUR_PATH/node_modules/mongo-express/config.default.js into a new file called YOUR_PATH/node_modules/mongo-express/config.js.

Note: YOUR_PATH will depend on your current OS user and system configuration. You can see it in the output text shown after executing npm install.

Fill in your MongoDB connection details and any other options you want to change in config.js.

You will also need to create a .env file with the variables for your cookie and session secrets, these are just default values

ME_CONFIG_SITE_COOKIESECRET: 'cookiesecret',
ME_CONFIG_SITE_SESSIONSECRET: 'sessionsecret',

To run:

cd YOUR_PATH/node_modules/mongo-express/ && node app.js

or if you installed it globally, you can immediately start mongo-express like this:

mongo-express

You can add some configuration options. Example:

node app.js --url mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017

or:

mongo-express --URL mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017

Configuration options: Option | Short | Description | - | - | - --version | -V | output the version number --url <url> | -U <url> | connection string url (<url> example: mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017) --admin | -a | enable authentication as admin --port <port> | -p <port> | listen on specified port (default <port> is 8081) --help | -h | display help for command options

Usage (Express 4 middleware)

To mount as Express 4 middleware (see node_modules/mongo-express/app.js):

var mongo_express = require('mongo-express/lib/middleware')
var mongo_express_config = require('./mongo_express_config')

app.use('/mongo_express', mongo_express(mongo_express_config))

Usage (Docker)

Make sure you have a running MongoDB container on a Docker network (--network some-network below) with --name or --network-alias set to mongo. Alternatively, set the connection string ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_URL to the proper connection for your MongoDB container on your Docker network.

Use the Docker Hub image:

$ docker run -it --rm -p 8081:8081 --network some-network mongo-express

Build from source:

Build an image from the project directory, then run the image.

$ docker build -t mongo-express .
$ docker run -it --rm -p 8081:8081 --network some-network mongo-express

You can use the following environment variables to modify the container's configuration:

Name Default Description
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_URL mongodb://admin:pass@localhost:27017/db?ssl=false
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_ENABLE_ADMIN false Enable administrator access. Send strings: "true" or "false".
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_AUTH_USERNAME admin Database username (only needed if ENABLE_ADMIN is "false").
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_AUTH_PASSWORD pass Database password (only needed if ENABLE_ADMIN is "false").
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_ALLOW_DISK_USE false Remove the limit of 100 MB of RAM on each aggregation pipeline stage.
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_TLS false Use TLS client certificate
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_TLS_ALLOW_CERTS true Validate mongod server certificate against CA
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_TLS_CA_FILE `` CA certificate File
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_TLS_CERT_FILE `` TLS client certificate file
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_TLS_CERT_KEY_FILE `` TLS client certificate key file
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_TLS_CERT_KEY_FILE_PASSWORD `` TLS client certificate key file password
ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_URL_FILE `` File version of ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_URL
ME_CONFIG_SITE_BASEURL / Set the express baseUrl to ease mounting at a subdirectory. Remember to include leading and trailing slash.
ME_CONFIG_HEALTH_CHECK_PATH /status Set the mongo express healthcheck path. Remember to add the forward slash at the start.
ME_CONFIG_SITE_COOKIESECRET cookiesecret String used by cookie-parser middleware to sign cookies.
ME_CONFIG_SITE_SESSIONSECRET sessionsecret String used to sign the session ID cookie by express-session middleware.
ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH false Enable Basic Authentication. Send strings: "true" or "false".
ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_USERNAME `` mongo-express web login name. Sending an empty string will disable basic authentication.
ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_PASSWORD `` mongo-express web login password.
ME_CONFIG_REQUEST_SIZE 100kb Used to configure maximum Mongo update payload size. CRUD operations above this size will fail due to restrictions in body-parser.
ME_CONFIG_OPTIONS_EDITORTHEME rubyblue Web editor color theme, more here.
ME_CONFIG_OPTIONS_READONLY false if readOnly is true, components of writing are not visible.
ME_CONFIG_OPTIONS_FULLWIDTH_LAYOUT false If set to true an alternative page layout is used utilizing full window width.
ME_CONFIG_OPTIONS_PERSIST_EDIT_MODE false If set to true, remain on the same page after clicking on the Save button
ME_CONFIG_OPTIONS_NO_DELETE false If noDelete is true, components of deleting are not visible.
ME_CONFIG_SITE_SSL_ENABLED false Enable SSL.
ME_CONFIG_SITE_SSL_CRT_PATH SSL certificate file.
ME_CONFIG_SITE_SSL_KEY_PATH SSL key file.
ME_CONFIG_SITE_GRIDFS_ENABLED false Enable gridFS to manage uploaded files.
ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_USERNAME_FILE `` File version of ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_USERNAME
ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_PASSWORD_FILE `` File version of ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_PASSWORD
ME_CONFIG_DOCUMENTS_PER_PAGE 10 How many documents you want to see at once in collection view
PORT 8081 port that mongo-express will run on.
VCAP_APP_HOST localhost address that mongo-express will listen on for incoming connections.

Example:

docker run -it --rm \
    --name mongo-express \
    --network web_default \
    -p 8081:8081 \
    -e ME_CONFIG_OPTIONS_EDITORTHEME="ambiance" \
    -e ME_CONFIG_BASICAUTH_USERNAME="" \
    -e ME_CONFIG_MONGODB_URL="mongodb://mongo:27017" \
    mongo-express

This example links to a container name typical of docker-compose, changes the editor's color theme, and disables basic authentication.

To use:

The default port exposed from the container is 8081, so visit http://localhost:8081 or whatever URL/port you entered into your config (if running standalone) or whatever config.site.baseUrl (if mounting as a middleware).

Using Docker Extensions:

Pre-requisite:

  • Docker Desktop 4.15

Usage:

By using Mongo Express Docker Extension, it's easy to setup Mongo Express on Docker Desktop with just one click.

Usage (Bluemix)

Deploy to Bluemix

Doing manually:

  • Git clone this repository
  • Create a new or use already created MongoDB experimental service
  • Change the file manifest.yml to fit your Bluemix app and service environment

Doing automatically:

  • Click the button below to fork into IBM DevOps Services and deploy your own copy of this application on Bluemix

Deploy to Bluemix

Then, take the following action to customize to your environment:

  • Create your config.js file based on config.default.js
    • Check if it is necessary to change the dbLabel according to the MongoDB service created
    • Change the basicAuth properties, not to keep the default values

Search

  • Simple search takes the user provided fields (key & value) and prepares a MongoDB find() object, with projection set to {} so returns all columns.
  • Advanced search passes the find and projection fields/objects straight into MongoDB db.collection.find(query, projection). The find object is where your query happens, while the projection object determines which columns are returned.

See MongoDB db.collection.find() documentation for examples and exact usage.

Planned features

Pull Requests are always welcome! <3

Limitations

  • Documents must have the document._id property to be edited
  • Binary BSON data type not tested

E2E Testing

We are currently trying to use Cypress, to open cypress use the command `cypress open`
To instrument the code to allow the E2E coverage to run, please run this command: `yarn nyc instrument --compact=false lib instrumented`

Not Tested

  • Binary/BinData

JSON documents are parsed through a javascript virtual machine, so the web interface can be used for executing malicious javascript on a server.

mongo-express should only be used privately for development purposes.

BSON Data Types

The following BSON data types are supported in the mongo-express document editor/viewer.

Native Javascript Types

Strings, numbers, lists, booleans, null, etc.

All numbers in Javascript are 64-bit floating points.

ObjectID/ObjectId

ObjectId()

Creates a new Object ID type.

ObjectId(id)

Use Object ID with the given 24-digit hexadecimal string.

ISODate

ISODate()

Creates a new ISODate object with the current time.

new Date() can also be used (note the new keyword there).

ISODate(timestamp)

Uses ISODate object with the given timestamp.

UUID

UUID()

Creates a new UUID v4.

Can also be used new UUID() (note the new keyword there).

UUID(uuid)

Uses UUID v4 with the given 24-digit hexadecimal string.

Example: UUID("dee11d4e-63c6-4d90-983c-5c9f1e79e96c") or UUID("dee11d4e63c64d90983c5c9f1e79e96c")

DBRef/Dbref

DBRef(collection, objectID)

DBRef(collection, objectID, database)

Object ID is the ID string, not the ObjectId type.

The database value is optional.

Timestamp

Timestamp()

Creates a new Timestamp object with a value of 0.

Timestamp(time, ordinal)

Example: Timestamp(ISODate(), 0).

See http://www.mongodb.org/display/DOCS/Timestamp+data+type for more info about the Timestamp data type.

Code

Code(code)

Code can be a native Javascript function, or it can be a string.

Specifying a scope/context is not supported.

MinKey

MinKey()

MaxKey

MaxKey()

Symbol

Symbol(string)

Example Document

Here is an example of a document which can be read/edited in mongo-express (media truncated for legibility):

{
  "_id": ObjectId(),
  "dates": {
    "date": ISODate("2012-05-14T16:20:09.314Z"),
    "new_date": ISODate(),
    "alternative": new Date()
  },
  "photo": "data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4...",
  "video": "data:video/webm;base64,GkXfo...",
  "audio": "data:audio/ogg;base64,T2dnUw...",
  "bool": true,
  "string": "hello world!",
  "list of numbers": [
    123,
    111e+87,
    4.4,
    -12345.765
  ],
  "reference": DBRef("collection", "4fb1299686a989240b000001"),
  "ts": Timestamp(ISODate(), 1),
  "minkey": MinKey(),
  "maxkey": MaxKey(),
  "func": Code(function() { alert('Hello World!') }),
  "symbol": Symbol("test")
}
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