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re-frame-template

This is a Leiningen template for quickly creating a re-frame application scaffold (client only). It will only take you 60 seconds to create your first re-frame app and start editing it.

When creating your application, you can pick and choose what "extras" you'd like included into the scaffold - "extras" like libraries to do routing, debugging and CSS.

Before You Start

You'll need to install Clojure and Leiningen (a build tool) by following these instructions.

Basic Usage

The base template includes:

To create an application with just the base template, use this commandline:

$ lein new re-frame <app-name>

When using this command, you'll need to substitute in your own <app-name> - perhaps my-killer-app or an-early-masterpiece.

Troubleshooting note: for <app-name> don't use cljs. That name will confuse the compiler (long story) and you will later see errors like cljs.core.init is not a function.

Extras

The following extras can be nominated on the commandline when you create the template:

To add an extra to the base template, append its name to the commandline, with a leading +. Here's an example of adding re-com:

lein new re-frame <app-name> +re-com

Note: it is +re-com, not just re-com.

Any combination of extras can be added at once:

lein new re-frame <app-name> +garden +re-com +routes +test +less +10x

Note: to assist debugging, you'll want to include either +10x or +re-frisk

Start Cider from Emacs (if using +cider):

Refer to the shadow-cljs Emacs / CIDER documentation.

The mentioned dir-local.el file is created by this template.

Connect Calva from VS Code (if using +calva):

  1. Issue the command Calva: Start a Project REPL and Connect (a.k.a Jack-in), ctrl+alt+c ctrl+alt+j. (This will start the app, so in this workflow you don't do the Run application steps outlined below.)
    • Wait for the Calva says output pane to say: Creating cljs repl session...
  2. Open http://localhost:8280 in your browser.
    • Confirm that it says Hello from re-frame. (Depending on how long the app takes to compile, you might need to reload the page a few times.)
  3. Open a cljs file from src/cljs and issue Calva: Load Current File and Dependencies. ctrl+alt+c enter.

See https://calva.io for more on how to use Calva.

Add Calva settings to an existing project

Do you have a project that was created without the +calva option, and want the easy Jack-in anyway? No worries! At https://calva.io/re-frame-template/ you will find the settings needed.

Compile CSS (if using +garden or +less):

To compile CSS files once.

lein garden once

lein less once

When developing, to automatically recompile CSS files on each file change, use:

lein garden auto

lein less auto

Run application:

Retrieve dependencies (can take a while the first time):

lein deps

Then run:

lein watch

Wait a bit, perhaps 20 seconds, keeping an eye out for a sign the compile has finished, then browse to http://localhost:8280.

To see the other available shadow-cljs commands run:

lein run -m shadow.cljs.devtools.cli --help

Setting Up Your Browser

So, you now have the application running.

Before you start developing, you should tweak two settings within your browser's devtools. These are one-time actions (for each browser and laptop you use). I'll assume Chrome for the purposes of further explanation:

  1. Open devtools. Press press F12 or Ctrl-Shift-i (actually there's a variety of ways)
  2. Open the devtools "Settings" panel. Press F1. (Careful. Not the settings panel for Chrome itself!! The settings panel for devtools)
  3. Under the "Network" heading, tick the option "Disable cache (while DevTools is open)". You don't want shadow-clj's attempts at reloading to be defeated by caching.
  4. Under the "Console" heading, tick the option "Enable custom formatters". This allows cljs-devtools to perform its magic.
  5. Close Settings. Close Devtools.
  6. Reopen Devtools

settings

Open 10x Panel (if using +10x):

To use re-frame-10x for debugging your app:

  1. click on the application, minimal through it is, to give it "input focus" (you want to be sure that any key presses are going to your new app)
  2. press Ctrl-H and you should see the re-frame-10x panel appear on the right side of the window

Sometimes achieving Step 1 on a really simple app - one without widgets - can be fiddly, because the browser itself hogs "input focus" and grabs all the keystrokes (like Ctrl-H) which don't then make it through to your app. You may need to be determined and creative with Step 1. I have every confidence in you.

Hot Reloading Is Now Go

If you now edit files, shadow-clj will automatically recompile your changes and "hot load" them into your running app, without your app needing to be re-started. The resulting fast, iterative workflow tends to make you very productive, and is cherished by those lucky enough to experience it.

Start by editing this file: /src/cljs/<app-name>/views.cljs.

debug?:

In the namespace app-name.config, there is a var called debug?, which defaults to true in the dev build, and false in the prod build.

If, for example, you wrap your printlns with a when block as shown below, then you will get logs printed to the browser's console for the dev build and not the prod build.

(when config/debug?
  (println "dev mode"))

Run tests (if using +test):

Install karma and headless chrome

npm install -g karma-cli

And then run your tests

lein watch

And in another terminal:

karma start

Production Build

To compile clojurescript to javascript:

lein release

Deploy to heroku (if using +handler)

Create uberjar

lein clean
lein uberjar

Create app on heroku

git init .
git add -A
git commit -m "Initial commit"
heroku create
heroku buildpacks:add heroku/nodejs
heroku buildpacks:add heroku/clojure

Specify node.js version:

heroku config:set NODEJS_VERSION=<version-of-choice>

Then deploy the application

git push heroku master

How to Add Dependencies

Your new application is built by a tool chain which combines shadow-cljs (a modern CLJS compiler) and Leiningen (a traditional Clojure build tool). The two are brought together via a Leiningen plugin called Lien-shadow.

There are three files of interest:

  • project.clj - edit this file if you want to add Clojure and ClojureScript dependency as you would for a normal Leiningen project.
  • package.json - do not edit this file. With this tool chain, it is a generated file, and your edits will be lost.
  • src/cljs/deps.cljs - edit this file if you want to add a JavaScript and NPM dependency

Within deps.cljs, there are two sections of interest:

{:npm-deps     {"pako"                  "1.0.10"}
 :npm-dev-deps {"shadow-cljs"           "2.9.0"
                "karma"                 "4.4.1"
                "karma-chrome-launcher" "3.1.0"
                "karma-cljs-test"       "0.1.0"
                "karma-junit-reporter"  "2.0.1"}}

If you are adding a dependency to your application, like a React component, or a JavaScript library like P5, then add it to the :npm-deps section.

If you are adding a build or test dependency, like a Karma runner, put it into the :npm-dev-deps section.

Other Templates

Backend Options

More re-frame

Looking for more re-frame inspiration, templates or example applications? See the external resources docs page.

Contributing

Contributions are welcomed! To add a new profile, this is what I'd recommend:

  1. Add a file with the name of the profile here
  2. Look at the existing options in that folder for inspiration for what to include in that file
  3. Update project.clj with the profile
  4. Add any new files here and use the {{ var-name }} syntax as needed
  5. Update the README that will result when the template is used, as well as the top-level README for re-frame-template itself
  6. In a terminal, at the root of re-frame-template, run lein install
  7. Locally test that your profile works, lein new re-frame <app-name> +<profile-name>
  8. Add your profile to create-templates and run the script to make sure the other profiles didn't break.

License

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright © 2015 Matthew Jaoudi
Copyright © 2015 Dylan Paris
Copyright © 2015 Michael Thompson
Copyright © 2015 Markku Rontu
Copyright © 2016 Daniel Compton
Copyright © 2019 Isaac Johnston

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.

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