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Modules Python Threads Listener Speaker Bash AppleScript Make

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Prerequisites

  • MacOS
    Tested on macOS High Sierra, Mojave, Catalina, Big Sur, Monterey and Ventura*

    • System PreferencesSecurity & PrivacyPrivacy
    • Click + sign and add the preferred IDE and Terminal in the following sections in left pane.
      • Microphone - Required to listen and respond.
      • Accessibility - Required to use key combinations for brightness and volume controls.
      • Camera - [Optional] Required only during face recognition/detection.
      • Automation - Required to control System Events and other apps like Outlook and Calendar.
      • Files and Folders [OR] Full Disk Access - Required for all FileIO operations.

    ⚠️ Known Issue with pyttsx3 module on macOS Ventura 13.0: This version of macOS does not hold the attribute VoiceAge. Workaround has been raised as a PR

  • Windows
    Tested on Windows 10

    • SettingsPrivacy
      • Microphone - Required to listen and respond.
      • Camera - [Optional] Required only during face recognition/detection.
      • Unlike macOS, Windows pops a confirmation window to Allow or Deny access to files and folders.
    • Install Anaconda or Miniconda, VisualStudio C++ BuildTools, and Git
    • Make sure C++ build tools are installed completely and restart
    • Add anaconda/miniconda scripts location to PATH in Environment Variables
  • Linux
    Tested on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

    • Store the host machine's password as the env var: ROOT_PASSWORD
    • Unlike macOS and Windows, Ubuntu does not have app specific permissions.

Kick off

Install

python -m pip install jarvis-ironman

Initiate

import jarvis


if __name__ == '__main__':
    jarvis.start()

Test peripherals

Camera

from jarvis.modules.camera import camera


if __name__ == '__main__':
    cam_object = camera.Camera()
    print(cam_object.get_index())  # Get index id of each camera
    print(cam_object.list_cameras())  # List all connected cameras

Text to Speech

from jarvis.modules.speaker import speak


if __name__ == '__main__':
    speak_object = speak.Speaker()
    speak_object.run()
    print(list(speak_object.get_all_voices()))

Speech to Text

import asyncio

from jarvis.modules.microphone import recognizer


if __name__ == '__main__':
    asyncio.run(recognizer.main())

ENV Variables

Environment variables are loaded from a .env file and validated using pydantic

More on Environment variables
  • ROOT_PASSWORD - System password to get the system vitals and run other sudo commands. Mandatory for Linux

  • NAME - Name which Jarvis should address the user by. Defaults to Vignesh

  • TITLE - Title which Jarvis should address the user by. Defaults to sir

  • PLOT_MIC - Boolean value whether to show microphone usage in realtime. Defaults to True

  • WAKE_WORDS - List of wake words to initiate Jarvis' listener. Defaults to ['jarvis'] (Defaults to ['alexa'] in legacy macOS)
    ⚠️ Jarvis has limitations on the wake words as it relies on ML libraries for wake word detection.

  • VOICE_NAME - Name of the voice supported by the OperatingSystem. Defaults to the author's favorite.

  • VOICE_RATE - Speed/rate at which the text should be spoken. Defaults to the value from pyttsx3 module. Typically 200

    To add more voices

    macOS:

    • System Preferences → Accessibility → Spoken Content → System voice → Manage Voices...

    Windows:

    • Settings → Time & Language → Speech → Manage voices → Add voices
  • SENSITIVITY - Hot word detection sensitivity. Allowed range: [0-1] Defaults to 0.5

  • TIMEOUT - Timeout in seconds until which the listener should wait for speech. Defaults to 3

  • PHRASE_LIMIT - Timeout in seconds until which the listener will remain active. Defaults to None

  • LIMITED - Boolean flag to run only the main version of Jarvis skipping background processes. Defaults to False Enforced based on the number of CPU cores.

  • DEBUG - Boolean flag to enable debug level for logging. Defaults to False

  • RECOGNIZER_SETTINGS - A JSON object that has with customized speech recognition settings.

    Custom settings for speech recognition

    These are customized according to the author's voice pitch. Please use recognizer.py to figure out the suitable values on a trial and error basis.

    These settings are added (optionally), to avoid the hard coded PHRASE_LIMIT
    Cons in using hard coded PHRASE_LIMIT:

    • Disables the listener after the set limit even the speaker is actively talking.
    • Listener will be active until the set limit even after the speaker has stopped talking.

    Sample settings (formatted as JSON object)

    • RECOGNIZER_SETTINGS: '{"energy_threshold": 1100, "dynamic_energy_threshold": false, "pause_threshold": 2, "phrase_threshold": 0.1, "non_speaking_duration": 2}'

    Description

    • energy_threshold: Minimum audio energy to consider for recording. Greater the value, louder the speech should be.
    • dynamic_energy_threshold: Change considerable audio energy threshold dynamically.
    • pause_threshold: Seconds of non-speaking audio before a phrase is considered complete.
    • phrase_threshold: Minimum seconds of speaking audio before it can be considered a phrase - values below this are ignored. This helps to filter out clicks and pops.
    • non_speaking_duration: Seconds of non-speaking audio to keep on both sides of the recording.

Peripherals

  • CAMERA_INDEX - Camera index that has to be used. Run camera.py to get the index value of each camera.
  • SPEAKER_INDEX - Speaker index that has to be used. Run peripherals.py to get the index value of each speaker.
  • MICROPHONE_INDEX - Microphone index that has to be used. Run peripherals.py to get the index value of each microphone.

Features

  • GIT_USER - GitHub Username
  • GIT_PASS - GitHub Token
  • WEATHER_API - API Key from openweathermap
  • NEWS_API - API Key from newsapi
  • MAPS_API - API Key for maps from Google
  • BIRTHDAY - Birth date in the format DD-MM - Example: 24-April
  • WOLFRAM_API_KEY - API Key from wolfram alpha.

Email/SMS notifications

  • GMAIL_USER - Gmail account username to send and read emails.
  • GMAIL_PASS - Gmail account password to send and read emails.
  • ALT_GMAIL_USER - Alternate gmail account username to send an SMS. (GMAIL_USER can be re-used)
  • ALT_GMAIL_PASS - Alternate gmail account password to send an SMS. (GMAIL_PASS can be re-used)
  • RECIPIENT - Email address to which the emails from jarvis have to be received.

iOS integrations

  • ICLOUD_USER - iCloud account username/email.
  • ICLOUD_PASS - iCloud account password.
  • ICLOUD_RECOVERY - Recovery phone number to activate lost mode on a target device - Example: +11234567890
  • PHONE_NUMBER - To send SMS from Jarvis - Example: +11234567890

Calendar/Meeting integrations

  • ICS_URL - Shared calendar URL to get meetings information from. Should end with .ics
  • EVENT_APP - To read events from outlook or calendar application in macOS. Defaults to calendar
    💡   When calender is used, the name of the calendar within the Calendar.app should be Jarvis

Background scans [Defaults to 1 hour]

  • SYNC_MEETINGS - Interval in seconds to generate meetings information using an ics URL.
  • SYNC_EVENTS - Interval in seconds to generate events information using calendar or outlook application.

Wi-Fi Controls

  • WIFI_SSID - SSID of the wireless connection.
  • WIFI_PASSWORD - Password for the wireless connection.
  • CONNECTION_RETRY - Frequency in seconds to check for an active internet connection. Defaults to 10 seconds.

VPNServer integration

  • VPN_USERNAME - Username to create vpn-server. Defaults to profile username.
  • VPN_PASSWORD - Password to authenticate vpn-server. Defaults to profile password.
  • VPN_DOMAIN - Domain name for the hosted zone.
  • VPN_RECORD_NAME - Alias record name to access VPN server.

Car Controls - Applies only for JLR vehicles subscribed to InControl application.

  • CAR_EMAIL - Email address to log in to InControl API.
  • CAR_PASS - Password to authenticate InControl API.
  • CAR_PIN - InControl PIN.

Garage Controls - Applies only for garages using MyQ garage controller.

  • MYQ_USERNAME - Email address to log in to MyQ API.
  • MYQ_PASSWORD - Password to authenticate MyQ API.

Telegram Bot integration

  • BOT_TOKEN - Telegram BOT token.
  • BOT_CHAT_IDS - UserID/ChatID for a particular user.
  • BOT_USERS - Usernames that should have access to Jarvis.

OS Agnostic Voice Model

  • SPEECH_SYNTHESIS_TIMEOUT - Timeout to connect to the docker container that processes text to speech requests.

  • SPEECH_SYNTHESIS_VOICE - Voice for the speech synthesis model. Defaults to author's favorite.

  • SPEECH_SYNTHESIS_QUALITY - Quality of speech synthesis conversion. Defaults to medium.

    To enable independent speech-synthesis
    docker run \
        -it \
        -p 5002:5002 \
        -e "HOME=${HOME}" \
        -v "$HOME:${HOME}" \
        -v /usr/share/ca-certificates:/usr/share/ca-certificates \
        -v /etc/ssl/certs:/etc/ssl/certs \
        -w "${PWD}" \
        --user "$(id -u):$(id -g)" \
        rhasspy/larynx
    

    💡   Speech Synthesis can run on a docker container for better voices but, response might be negligibly slower. If you don't have docker installed or simply don't want to use it, set the SPEECH_SYNTHESIS_TIMEOUT env var to 0. This is also done automatically if failed to launch a docker container upon startup.


Offline communicator

  • OFFLINE_PORT - Port number to initiate offline communicator. Defaults to 4483
  • OFFLINE_PASS - Secure phrase to authenticate offline requests. Defaults to OfflineComm
  • WORKERS - Number of uvicorn workers (processes) to spin up. Defaults to 1

Stock Portfolio

  • ROBINHOOD_USER - Robinhood account username.
  • ROBINHOOD_PASS - Robinhood account password.
  • ROBINHOOD_QR - Robinhood login QR code

API Features

  • ROBINHOOD_ENDPOINT_AUTH - Authentication token to access the robinhood portfolio which is generated every hour.
  • SURVEILLANCE_ENDPOINT_AUTH - Token to access webcam live feed via Jarvis API.
  • SURVEILLANCE_SESSION_TIMEOUT - Session time out for /surveillance. Defaults to 300 seconds.

Background Tasks

There are two options to run background tasks on Jarvis.

  • Jarvis can run internal tasks (offline communicator compatible) at certain intervals using a background_tasks.yaml file stored in fileio directory.

    Setup Instructions

    This is the sample content of background_tasks.yaml

    - seconds: 1_800
      task: just turn off all lights  # Runs every 30 minutes - 'just' flag retains the lights' last setting (eg: brightness or color)
    - seconds: 10_800
      task: remind me to drink water  # Runs every 3 hours ignoring the hours specified
      ignore_hours:
       - 21
       - 22
       - 23
       - 0
       - 1
       - 2
       - 3
       - 4
       - 5
       - 6
    
  • CRONTAB - Runs external tasks using cron expressions. Needs to be stored as env var.

    Sample value
    [
      "0 0 * * 1-5/2 find /var/log -delete",
      "0 5 * * 1 tar -zcf /var/backups/home.tgz /home/"
    ]
    

Contacts

Jarvis can send on demand notifications using a contacts.yaml file stored in fileio directory. Uses gmail-connector for SMS and email notifications.

Setup Instructions

Note: Jarvis currently supports sending emails only when the contacts.yaml file is present, however phone numbers can be used directly.

phone:
  Tony: 0123456789
  Thor: 1234567890
email:
  Eddard: [email protected]
  Aegon: [email protected]

Smart Devices

A source file smart_devices.yaml is used to store smart devices' hostnames. Jarvis supports MagicHome for lights, LGWebOS and Roku for TVs.

  • TV hostnames should include the brand name [LG/Roku] to distinguish the modules accordingly.

    • This will be set by default, if yours doesn't include the brand name change it in the TV settings.
  • To wake up Roku TVs using MAC address, make sure the Bandwidth saver feature is turned off under,

    Settings/Network/Bandwidth saver >> Off
    
  • For first time users on LGWebOS TVs, there will be a prompt on the TV to accept the connection request.

    • Once the connection request is accepted a client key will be generated and logged.
    • Please make sure to store this in smart_devices.yaml file to avoid repeated connection prompt.
Setup Instructions
  • TV identifiers should have the word tv to distinguish between lights and tv.
  • The name used in the keys (for both lights and tv) will be the identifier when an action is requested.
  • Lights should be a dictionary of identifier and a list of hostnames.
  • TVs should be a nested dictionary of multiple parameters.
  • The source file (smart_devices.yaml) should be as following:
bedroom:
  - 'HOSTNAMES'
hallway:
  - 'HOSTNAMES'
hallway basement:
  - 'HOSTNAMES'
kitchen:
  - 'HOSTNAMES'
living room:
  - 'HOSTNAMES'
party mode:  # Light hostnames that needs to be engaged for party mode, if not present individual lights can be enabled
  - 'HOSTNAMES'
living room tv:
  hostname: 'HOSTNAME'
  client_key: 'CLIENT_KEY'  # Generated automatically if unavailable
  mac_address:  # Mac addresses can either be a string or a list
  - 'WIRED_MAC_ADDRESS'
  - 'WIRELESS_MAC_ADDRESS'
bedroom tv:
  hostname: 'HOSTNAME'
  mac_address: 'MAC_ADDRESS'

Automation Setup [Optional]

Jarvis can execute offline compatible tasks at pre-defined times without any user interaction. Uses an automation.yaml file as source which should be stored within the directory fileio

Setup Instructions

The YAML file should be a dictionary within a dictionary that looks like the below.

OPTIONAL: The key, day can be a list of days, or a str of a specific day or simply a str saying weekday or weekend when the particular automation should be executed.

Not having the key day will run the automation daily. Date format should match exactly as described below.

06:00 AM:
  day: weekday  # Runs only between Monday and Friday
  task: set my bedroom lights to 50%
06:30 AM:
  day:  # Runs only on Monday, Wednesday and Friday
  - Monday
  - wednesday
  - FRIDAY
  task: set my bedroom lights to 100%
08:00 AM:  # Runs only on Saturday and Sunday
  day: weekend
  task: set my bedroom lights to 100%
09:00 PM:  # Runs daily
  task: set my bedroom lights to 5%
12:00 AM:  # Even performs tasks that are not supported via voice commands
  task: restart all background processes

Simulation Setup [Optional]

Jarvis can execute offline compatible tasks as a simulation to test the required functions and send an email with the results. Uses an simulation.yaml file as source which should be stored within the directory fileio

Setup Instructions

The YAML file should be a list of phrases within a dictionary that looks like the below.

meeting_event:
- get me the events from my calendar
- what meetings do I have today

Feature(s) Implementation

Please refer wiki for API usage, access controls, env variables, features' overview and demo videos.

Coding Standards

Docstring format: Google
Styling conventions: PEP 8
Clean code with pre-commit hooks: flake8 and isort

Release Notes

Requirement

python -m pip install changelog-generator

Usage

changelog reverse -f release_notes.rst -t 'Release Notes'

Linting

PreCommit will ensure linting, and the doc creation are run on every commit.

Requirement

pip install sphinx==5.1.1 pre-commit recommonmark

Usage

pre-commit run --all-files

Pypi Package

pypi-module

https://pypi.org/project/jarvis-ironman/

Runbook

made-with-sphinx-doc

https://thevickypedia.github.io/Jarvis/

License & copyright

© Vignesh Sivanandha Rao

Licensed under the MIT License

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