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Prometheus Proxmox VE Exporter

|Build Status| |Package Version|

This is an exporter that exposes information gathered from Proxmox VE node for use by the Prometheus monitoring system.

Installation

Note: Python 2 is not supported anymore as of version 2.0.0. Instead use Python 3.6 or better.

Using pip:

.. code:: shell

python3 -m pip install prometheus-pve-exporter

Using docker:

.. code:: shell

docker pull prompve/prometheus-pve-exporter

Example: Display usage message:

.. code:: shell

docker run -it --rm prompve/prometheus-pve-exporter --help

Example: Run the image with a mounted configuration file and published port:

.. code:: shell

docker run --name prometheus-pve-exporter -d -p 127.0.0.1:9221:9221 -v /path/to/pve.yml:/etc/pve.yml prompve/prometheus-pve-exporter

Prometheus PVE Exporter will now be reachable at http://localhost:9221/.

Usage

::

usage: pve_exporter [-h] [--collector.status] [--collector.version]
                    [--collector.node] [--collector.cluster]
                    [--collector.resources] [--collector.config]
                    [config] [port] [address]

positional arguments:
  config                Path to configuration file (pve.yml)
  port                  Port on which the exporter is listening (9221)
  address               Address to which the exporter will bind

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --collector.status, --no-collector.status
                        Exposes Node/VM/CT-Status (default: True)
  --collector.version, --no-collector.version
                        Exposes PVE version info (default: True)
  --collector.node, --no-collector.node
                        Exposes PVE node info (default: True)
  --collector.cluster, --no-collector.cluster
                        Exposes PVE cluster info (default: True)
  --collector.resources, --no-collector.resources
                        Exposes PVE resources info (default: True)
  --collector.config, --no-collector.config
                        Exposes PVE onboot status (default: True)

Use :: for the address argument in order to bind to both IPv6 and IPv4 sockets on dual stacked machines.

Visit http://localhost:9221/pve?target=1.2.3.4 where 1.2.3.4 is the IP of the Proxmox VE node to get metrics from. Specify the module request parameter, to choose which module to use from the config file.

The target request parameter defaults to localhost. Hence if pve_exporter is deployed directly on the proxmox host, target can be omitted.

Use the --collector.X / --no-collector.X flags to enable disable selected collectors.

Note that that the config collector results in one API call per guest VM/CT. It is therefore recommended to disable this collector using the --no-collector.config flag on big deployments.

See the wiki_ for more examples and docs.

Authentication

Example pve.yml for password authentication:

.. code:: yaml

default:
    user: [email protected]
    password: sEcr3T!

Example pve.yml for token authentication_:

.. code:: yaml

default: user: [email protected] token_name: "..." token_value: "..."

The configuration is passed directly into proxmoxer.ProxmoxAPI()_.

Note: When operating PVE with self-signed certificates, then it is necessary to either import the certificate into the local trust store (see this SE answer_ for Debian/Ubuntu) or add verify_ssl: false to the config dict as a sibling to the credentials. Note that PVE supports Let's Encrypt_ out ouf the box. In many cases setting up trusted certificates is the better option than operating with self-signed certs.

Proxmox VE Configuration

For security reasons it is essential to add a user with read-only access (PVEAuditor role) for the purpose of metrics collection.

Prometheus Configuration

The PVE exporter can be deployed either directly on a Proxmox VE node or onto a separate machine.

Example config for PVE exporter running on PVE node:

.. code:: yaml

scrape_configs:
  - job_name: 'pve'
    static_configs:
      - targets:
        - 192.168.1.2:9221  # Proxmox VE node with PVE exporter.
        - 192.168.1.3:9221  # Proxmox VE node with PVE exporter.
    metrics_path: /pve
    params:
      module: [default]

Example config for PVE exporter running on Prometheus host:

.. code:: yaml

scrape_configs:
  - job_name: 'pve'
    static_configs:
      - targets:
        - 192.168.1.2  # Proxmox VE node.
        - 192.168.1.3  # Proxmox VE node.
    metrics_path: /pve
    params:
      module: [default]
    relabel_configs:
      - source_labels: [__address__]
        target_label: __param_target
      - source_labels: [__param_target]
        target_label: instance
      - target_label: __address__
        replacement: 127.0.0.1:9221  # PVE exporter.

Grafana Dashboards

  • Proxmox via Prometheus by Pietro Saccardi_

.. |Build Status| image:: https://github.com/prometheus-pve/prometheus-pve-exporter/actions/workflows/ci.yml/badge.svg :target: https://github.com/prometheus-pve/prometheus-pve-exporter/actions/workflows/ci.yml .. |Package Version| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/prometheus-pve-exporter.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/prometheus-pve-exporter .. _wiki: https://github.com/prometheus-pve/prometheus-pve-exporter/wiki .. _token authentication: https://pve.proxmox.com/wiki/User_Management#pveum_tokens .. _proxmoxer.ProxmoxAPI(): https://pypi.python.org/pypi/proxmoxer .. _SE answer: https://askubuntu.com/a/1007236 .. _supports Let's Encrypt: https://pve.proxmox.com/pve-docs/pve-admin-guide.html#sysadmin_certificate_management .. _Proxmox via Prometheus by Pietro Saccardi: https://grafana.com/dashboards/10347


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