Syntax highlighting, matching rules and mappings for the original Markdown and extensions.
If you use Vundle, add the following lines to your
Plugin 'godlygeek/tabular' Plugin 'preservim/vim-markdown'
tabular plugin must come before
Then run inside Vim:
:so ~/.vimrc :PluginInstall
If you use Pathogen, do this:
cd ~/.vim/bundle git clone https://github.com/preservim/vim-markdown.git
To install without Pathogen using the Debian vim-addon-manager, do this:
git clone https://github.com/preservim/vim-markdown.git cd vim-markdown sudo make install vim-addon-manager install markdown
If you are not using any package manager, download the tarball and do this:
cd ~/.vim tar --strip=1 -zxf vim-markdown-master.tar.gz
Folding is enabled for headers by default.
The following commands are useful to open and close folds:
zr: reduces fold level throughout the buffer
zR: opens all folds
zm: increases fold level throughout the buffer
zM: folds everything all the way
za: open a fold your cursor is on
zA: open a fold your cursor is on recursively
zc: close a fold your cursor is on
zC: close a fold your cursor is on recursively
Options are available to disable folding or change folding style.
:help fold-expr and
:help fold-commands for details.
Concealing is set for some syntax such as bold, italic, code block and link.
Concealing lets you conceal text with other text. The actual source text is not modified. If you put your cursor on the concealed line, the conceal goes away.
Options are available to disable or change concealing.
:help concealcursor and
:help conceallevel for details.
Add the following line to your
.vimrc to disable the folding configuration:
let g:vim_markdown_folding_disabled = 1
This option only controls Vim Markdown specific folding configuration.
To enable/disable folding use Vim's standard folding configuration.
To fold in a style like python-mode, add the following to your
let g:vim_markdown_folding_style_pythonic = 1
g:vim_markdown_folding_level setting (default 1) is set to
Thus level 1 heading which is served as a document title is expanded by default.
To prevent foldtext from being set add the following to your
let g:vim_markdown_override_foldtext = 0
Folding level is a number between 1 and 6. By default, if not specified, it is set to 1.
let g:vim_markdown_folding_level = 6
Tip: it can be changed on the fly with:
:let g:vim_markdown_folding_level = 1 :edit
Add the following line to your
.vimrc to disable default key mappings:
let g:vim_markdown_no_default_key_mappings = 1
You can also map them by yourself with
Allow for the TOC window to auto-fit when it's possible for it to shrink. It never increases its default size (half screen), it only shrinks.
let g:vim_markdown_toc_autofit = 1
By default text emphasis works across multiple lines until a closing token is found. However, it's possible to restrict text emphasis to a single line (i.e., for it to be applied a closing token must be found on the same line). To do so:
let g:vim_markdown_emphasis_multiline = 0
Concealing is set for some syntax.
For example, conceal
[link text](link url) as just
*italic* will conceal to just italic.
___italic bold___, and
will conceal to just bold, bold, italic bold, and italic bold respectively.
To enable conceal use Vim's standard conceal configuration.
To disable conceal regardless of
conceallevel setting, add the following to your
let g:vim_markdown_conceal = 0
To disable math conceal with LaTeX math syntax enabled, add the following to your
let g:tex_conceal = "" let g:vim_markdown_math = 1
Disabling conceal for code fences requires an additional setting:
let g:vim_markdown_conceal_code_blocks = 0
You can use filetype name as fenced code block languages for syntax highlighting.
If you want to use different name from filetype, you can add it in your
.vimrc like so:
let g:vim_markdown_fenced_languages = ['csharp=cs']
This will cause the following to be highlighted using the
cs filetype syntax.
```csharp ... ```
['c++=cpp', 'viml=vim', 'bash=sh', 'ini=dosini'].
This feature allows the
ge command to follow named anchors in links of the form
file#anchor or just
#anchor, where file may omit the
.md extension as
usual. Two variables control its operation:
let g:vim_markdown_follow_anchor = 1
This tells vim-markdown whether to attempt to follow a named anchor in a link or
not. When it is 1, and only if a link can be split in two parts by the pattern
'#', then the first part is interpreted as the file and the second one as the
named anchor. This also includes urls of the form
#anchor, for which the first
part is considered empty, meaning that the target file is the current one. After
the file is opened, the anchor will be searched.
let g:vim_markdown_anchorexpr = "'<<'.v:anchor.'>>'"
This expression will be evaluated substituting
v:anchor with a quoted string
that contains the anchor to visit. The result of the evaluation will become the
real anchor to search in the target file. This is useful in order to convert
anchors of the form, say,
my-section-title to searches of the form
My Section Title or
The following options control which syntax extensions will be turned on. They are off by default.
$$x^2$$, escapable as
let g:vim_markdown_math = 1
Highlight YAML front matter as used by Jekyll or Hugo.
let g:vim_markdown_frontmatter = 1
Highlight TOML front matter as used by Hugo.
TOML syntax highlight requires vim-toml.
let g:vim_markdown_toml_frontmatter = 1
Highlight JSON front matter as used by Hugo.
JSON syntax highlight requires vim-json.
let g:vim_markdown_json_frontmatter = 1
Strikethrough uses two tildes.
let g:vim_markdown_strikethrough = 1
You can adjust a new list indent. For example, you insert a single line like below:
Then if you type
o to insert new line in vim and type
* item2, the result will be:
* item1 * item2
vim-markdown automatically insert the indent. By default, the number of spaces of indent is 4. If you'd like to change the number as 2, just write:
let g:vim_markdown_new_list_item_indent = 2
If you want to have a link like this
[link text](link-url) and follow it for editing in vim using the
ge command, but have it open the file "link-url.md" instead of the file "link-url", then use this option:
let g:vim_markdown_no_extensions_in_markdown = 1
This is super useful for GitLab and GitHub wiki repositories.
Normal behaviour would be that vim-markup required you to do this
[link text](link-url.md), but this is not how the Gitlab and GitHub wiki repositories work. So this option adds some consistency between the two.
If you follow a link like this
[link text](link-url) using the
ge shortcut, this option will automatically save any edits you made before moving you:
let g:vim_markdown_autowrite = 1
If you would like to use a file extension other than
.md you may do so using the
let g:vim_markdown_auto_extension_ext = 'txt'
Automatically inserting bulletpoints can lead to problems when wrapping text (see issue #232 for details), so it can be disabled:
let g:vim_markdown_auto_insert_bullets = 0
In that case, you probably also want to set the new list item indent to 0 as well, or you will have to remove an indent each time you add a new list item:
let g:vim_markdown_new_list_item_indent = 0
By default when following a link the target file will be opened in your current buffer. This behavior can change if you prefer using splits or tabs by using the
vim_markdown_edit_url_in variable. Possible values are
current opening in a new tab, vertical split, horizontal split, and current buffer respectively. Defaults to current buffer if not set:
let g:vim_markdown_edit_url_in = 'tab'
The following work on normal and visual modes:
gx: open the link under the cursor in the same browser as the standard
gx is extended by allowing you to put your cursor anywhere inside a link.
For example, all the following cursor positions will work:
[Example](http://example.com) ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ 1 2 34 5 6 <http://example.com> ^ ^ ^ 1 2 3
Known limitation: does not work for links that span multiple lines.
ge: open the link under the cursor in Vim for editing. Useful for relative markdown links. Falls back to
gf with force editing, if not on a markdown link.
The rules for the cursor position are the same as the
]]: go to next header.
[[: go to previous header. Contrast with
][: go to next sibling header if any.
: go to previous sibling header if any.
]h: go to Current header.
]u: go to parent header (Up).
This plugin follows the recommended Vim plugin mapping interface, so to change the map
asdf, add to your
map asdf <Plug>Markdown_MoveToParentHeader
To disable a map use:
map <Plug> <Plug>Markdown_MoveToParentHeader
The following requires
:filetype plugin on.
Decrease level of all headers in buffer:
If range is given, only operate in the range.
h1 would be decreased, abort.
For simplicity of implementation, Setex headers are converted to Atx.
:HeaderIncrease: Analogous to
:HeaderDecrease, but increase levels instead.
Convert all Setex style headers in buffer to Atx.
If a range is given, e.g. hit
: from visual mode, only operate on the range.
:TableFormat: Format the table under the cursor like this.
The input table must already have a separator line as the second line of the table.
That line only needs to contain the correct pipes
|, nothing else is required.
:Toc: create a quickfix vertical window navigable table of contents with the headers.
<Enter> on a line to jump to the corresponding line of the markdown file.
:Toch: Same as
:Toc but in an horizontal window.
:Toct: Same as
:Toc but in a new tab.
:Tocv: Same as
:Toc for symmetry with
:InsertToc: Insert table of contents at the current line.
An optional argument can be used to specify how many levels of headers to display in the table of content, e.g., to display up to and including
:InsertNToc: Same as
:InsertToc, but the format of
h2 headers in the table of contents is a numbered list, rather than a bulleted list.
The main contributors of vim-markdown are:
If you feel that your name should be on this list, please make a pull request listing your contributions.
The MIT License (MIT)
Copyright (c) 2012 Benjamin D. Williams
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.