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docker-compose-healthcheck The blog of Peter Evans: How to Wait for Container X Before Starting Y

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Since docker-compose version 2.1 file format the healthcheck parameter has been introduced. This allows a check to be configured in order to determine whether or not containers for a service are "healthy."

Note that the following solution does not work for docker-compose v3. See this issue for details.

How can I wait for container X before starting Y?

This is a common problem and in earlier versions of docker-compose requires the use of additional tools and scripts such as wait-for-it and dockerize. Using the healthcheck parameter the use of these additional tools and scripts is often no longer necessary.

Waiting for PostgreSQL to be "healthy"

A particularly common use case is a service that depends on a database, such as PostgreSQL. We can configure docker-compose to wait for the PostgreSQL container to startup and be ready to accept requests before continuing.

The following healthcheck has been configured to periodically check if PostgreSQL is ready using the pg_isready command. See the documentation for the pg_isready command here.

healthcheck:
  test: ["CMD-SHELL", "pg_isready -U postgres"]
  interval: 10s
  timeout: 5s
  retries: 5

If the check is successful the container will be marked as healthy. Until then it will remain in an unhealthy state. For more details about the healthcheck parameters interval, timeout and retries see the documentation here.

Services that depend on PostgreSQL can then be configured with the depends_on parameter as follows:

depends_on:
  postgres-database:
    condition: service_healthy

Waiting for PostgreSQL before starting Kong

In this complete example docker-compose waits for the PostgreSQL service to be "healthy" before starting Kong, an open-source API gateway. It also waits for an additional ephemeral container to complete Kong's database migration process.

Test it out with:

docker-compose up -d

Wait until all services are running:

Demo

Test by querying Kong's admin endpoint:

curl http://localhost:8001/

License

MIT License - see the LICENSE file for details


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