Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

Neo4j Java Driver

This repository holds the official Java Driver for Neo4j.

It works with both single instance and clustered databases.

Network communication is handled using Bolt Protocol.

Supported Driver Series

Driver Series Supported Java Runtime versions Status Changelog
4.4 8, 11 Primary development branch. No releases yet.
4.3 8, 11 Maintenance. link
4.2 8, 11 Maintenance. link
4.1 8, 11 Maintenance. link

Server Compatibility

The compatibility with Neo4j Server versions is documented in the Neo4j Knowledge Base.


This section provides general information for engineers who are building Neo4j-backed applications.

The pom.xml file

The driver is distributed exclusively via Maven. To use the driver in your Maven project, include the following within your pom.xml file:


Here, x.y.z will need to be replaced with the appropriate driver version. It is generally recommended to use the latest driver version wherever possible. This ensures access to new features and recent bug fixes. All available versions of this driver can be found at Maven Central or Releases.

Java Module System

The automatic module name of the driver for the Java Module System is org.neo4j.driver.


To run a simple query, the following can be used:

Driver driver = GraphDatabase.driver("bolt://localhost:7687", AuthTokens.basic("neo4j", "PasSW0rd"));
try (Session session = driver.session()) {
    Result result ="CREATE (n) RETURN n");

For full applications, a single Driver object should be created with application-wide scope and lifetime. This allows full utilization of the driver connection pool. The connection pool reduces network overhead added by sharing TCP connections between subsequent transactions. Network connections are acquired on demand from the pool when running Cypher queries, and returned back to connection pool after query execution finishes. As a result of this design, it is expensive to create and close a Driver object. Session objects, on the other hand, are very cheap to use.

Thread Safety

Driver objects are thread-safe, but Session and Transaction objects should only be used by a single thread.

Further reading

Check out our Wiki for detailed and most up-to-date manuals, driver API documentations, changelogs, etc.

Bug Report

If you encounter any bugs while using this driver, please follow the instructions in our Contribution Guide when raising an issue at Issues.

When reporting, please mention the versions of the driver and server, as well as the server topology (single instance, causal cluster, etc). Also include any error stacktraces and a code snippet to reproduce the error if possible, as well as anything else that you think might be helpful.

For Driver Engineers

This section targets users who would like to compile the driver source code on their own machine for the purpose of, for example, contributing a PR. Before contributing to this project, please take a few minutes to read our Contribution Guide.

Java Version

For the 1.5+ Driver Series, the source code must compile on Java 8.

For the previous versions, the compilation requires Java 7.


The source code here reflects the current development status of a new driver version.

To use the driver in a project, please use the released driver via Maven Central or check out the code with git tags of corresponding versions instead.

Running Tests and Creating a Package

Our test setup requires a bit of infrastructure to run. We rely mostly on testkit. Testkit is a tooling that is used to run integration tests for all of the drivers we provide.

Some older tests still rely on boltkit, the predecessor to Testkit. If boltkit is not installed, then all tests that requires boltkit will be ignored and will not be executed.

In case you want or can verify contributions with unit tests alone, use the following command to skip all integration and Testkit tests:

mvn clean install -DskipITs -P skip-testkit

There are 2 ways of running Testkit tests:

  1. Using the testkit-tests module of this project.
  2. Manually cloning Testkit and running it directly.
Using the testkit-tests module

The testkit-tests module will automatically checkout Testkit and run it during Maven build.


  • Docker
  • /var/run/docker.sock available to be passed through to running containers. This is required because Testkit needs access to Docker in order to launch additional containers.
  • The driver project location must be sharable with Docker containers as Testkit container needs to have access to it.

Make sure to run build for the whole project and not just for testkit-tests module. Sample commands:

  • mvn clean verify - runs all tests.
  • mvn clean verify -DskipTests - skips all tests.
  • mvn clean verify -DtestkitArgs='--tests STUB_TESTS' - runs all project tests and Testkit stub tests.
  • mvn clean verify -DskipTests -P testkit-tests - skips all project tests and runs Testkit tests.
  • mvn clean verify -DskipTests -DtestkitArgs='--tests STUB_TESTS' - skips all project tests and runs Testkit stub tests.
  • mvn clean verify -DskipITs -DtestkitArgs='--tests STUB_TESTS' - skips all integration tests and runs Testkit stub tests.

If you interrupt Maven build, you have to remove Testkit containers manually.

Running Testkit manually


  • Docker
  • Python3
  • Git

Clone Testkit and run as follows:

git clone [email protected]:neo4j/neo4j-java-driver.git 
git clone [email protected]:neo4j-drivers/testkit.git
cd testkit
TEST_DRIVER_REPO=`realpath ../neo4j-java-driver` \
python3 --tests UNIT_TESTS --configs 4.3-enterprise

To run additional Testkit test, specify TESTKIT_TESTS:

TEST_DRIVER_REPO=`realpath ../neo4j-java-driver` \
python3 --tests TESTKIT_TESTS UNIT_TESTS --configs 4.3-enterprise

On Windows or in the abscence of a Bash-compatible environment, the required steps are probably different. A simple mvn clean install will require admin rights on Windows, because our integration tests require admin privileges to install and start a service.

If all of this fails and you only want to try out a local development version of the driver, you could skip all tests like this:

mvn clean install -DskipTests

Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Topics
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.
Java (706,112
Database (9,367
Driver (1,405
Neo4j (932
Bolt (143
Related Projects