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NATS Streaming Operator

License Apache 2.0 Build Status Version

Operator for managing NATS Streaming clusters running on Kubernetes.

You can find more info about running NATS on Kubernetes in the docs as well as a more minimal setup using StatefulSets only without using the operator to get started here.

Getting Started

The NATS Streaming Operator makes available a NatsStreamingCluster Custom Resources Definition that can be used to assemble a NATS Streaming cluster on top of a Kubernetes cluster.

To install the NATS Streaming Operator on your cluster:

# Install NATS Operator on default namespace
$ kubectl apply -f https://github.com/nats-io/nats-operator/releases/download/v0.7.4/00-prereqs.yaml
$ kubectl apply -f https://github.com/nats-io/nats-operator/releases/download/v0.7.4/10-deployment.yaml

# Install NATS Streaming Operator on default namespace
$ kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nats-io/nats-streaming-operator/main/deploy/default-rbac.yaml

$ kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nats-io/nats-streaming-operator/main/deploy/deployment.yaml

You will then be able to confirm that there is a new natsstreamingclusters.streaming.nats.io CRD registered:

$ kubectl get crd

NAME                                      CREATED AT
natsclusters.nats.io                      2018-07-20T07:59:42Z
natsserviceroles.nats.io                  2018-07-20T07:59:46Z
natsstreamingclusters.streaming.nats.io   2018-07-23T00:12:13Z

Deploying a NATS Streaming cluster

An operated NATS Streaming cluster requires being able to connect to a NATS cluster service. As an example, let's create a NATS cluster named example-nats with the NATS Operator on the default namespace:

echo '
---
apiVersion: "nats.io/v1alpha2"
kind: "NatsCluster"
metadata:
  name: "example-nats"
spec:
  size: 3
' | kubectl apply -f -

$ kubectl get pods
NAME                                       READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
example-nats-1                             1/1       Running   0          18s
example-nats-2                             1/1       Running   0          8s
example-nats-3                             1/1       Running   0          2s

Next, let's deploy a NatsStreamingCluster named example-stan on the same namespace that will connect to the example-nats service:

echo '
---
apiVersion: "streaming.nats.io/v1alpha1"
kind: "NatsStreamingCluster"
metadata:
  name: "example-stan"
spec:
  size: 3
  natsSvc: "example-nats"
  config: {}
' | kubectl apply -f -

Below you can find an example of a client connecting to the NATS service and then borrowing that NATS connection to use the NATS Streaming cluster named example-stan for publishing a few messages, then creating a subscription to consume the published messages from the beginning.

package main

import (
	"log"

	"github.com/nats-io/nats.go"
	"github.com/nats-io/stan.go"
)

func main() {
	nc, err := nats.Connect("nats://example-nats:4222")
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	sc, err := stan.Connect("example-stan", "client-123", stan.NatsConn(nc))
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	sc.Publish("hello", []byte("one"))
	sc.Publish("hello", []byte("two"))
	sc.Publish("hello", []byte("three"))

	sc.Subscribe("hello", func(m *stan.Msg) {
		log.Printf("[Received] %+v", m)
	}, stan.DeliverAllAvailable())

	select {}
}

You can list all the NATS Streaming clusters available in a namespace as follows:

$ kubectl get natsstreamingcluster.streaming.nats.io

NAME                   AGE
example-stan-cluster   1s

Or also listing via the stanclusters shorter version:

$ kubectl get stanclusters

NAME                   AGE
example-stan-cluster   1s

In this deployment, the first NATS Streaming node would have started as the bootstrap node, so it becomes the leader as confirmed by the logs:

$ kubectl get pods
NAME                                       READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
example-nats-1                             1/1       Running   0          2m
example-nats-2                             1/1       Running   0          2m
example-nats-3                             1/1       Running   0          1m
example-stan-1                             1/1       Running   0          10s
example-stan-2                             1/1       Running   0          6s
example-stan-3                             1/1       Running   0          6s

$ kubectl logs example-stan-1
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.828388 [INF] STREAM: Starting nats-streaming-server[example-stan] version 0.18.0
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.828430 [INF] STREAM: ServerID: XY20nYFAFI5JctzTDbrpAP
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.828435 [INF] STREAM: Go version: go1.10.3
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.852193 [INF] STREAM: Recovering the state...
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.852348 [INF] STREAM: No recovered state
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.852424 [INF] STREAM: Cluster Node ID : XY20nYFAFI5JctzTDbrpDO
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.852431 [INF] STREAM: Cluster Log Path: example-stan/XY20nYFAFI5JctzTDbrpDO
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860361 [INF] STREAM: Message store is RAFT_FILE
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860377 [INF] STREAM: Store location: store
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860413 [INF] STREAM: ---------- Store Limits ----------
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860418 [INF] STREAM: Channels:                  100 *
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860421 [INF] STREAM: --------- Channels Limits --------
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860427 [INF] STREAM:   Subscriptions:          1000 *
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860430 [INF] STREAM:   Messages     :       1000000 *
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860433 [INF] STREAM:   Bytes        :     976.56 MB *
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860437 [INF] STREAM:   Age          :     unlimited *
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860440 [INF] STREAM:   Inactivity   :     unlimited *
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:08.860443 [INF] STREAM: ----------------------------------
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:10.551835 [INF] STREAM: server became leader, performing leader promotion actions
[1] 2018/07/26 16:23:10.553500 [INF] STREAM: finished leader promotion actions

In case of failure, then any of the remaining nodes will then takeover and missing pods will be replaced.

Using a DB store

The NATS Streaming Operator can also be used to manage instances backed by a SQL store. In this mode, only a single replica will be created. In order to use DB store support it is needed to include the DB credentials within the NATS Streaming configuration and mount it as a volume (using a secret for example):

echo '
streaming: {
  sql: {
    driver: "postgres"
    source: "postgres://exampleuser:[email protected]/stan?sslmode=disable"
  }
}
' > /tmp/secret.conf

kubectl create secret generic stan-secret --from-file /tmp/secret.conf

echo '
---
apiVersion: "streaming.nats.io/v1alpha1"
kind: "NatsStreamingCluster"
metadata:
  name: "example-stan-db"
spec:
  natsSvc: "example-nats"

  # Explicitly set that the managed NATS Streaming instance
  # will be using an SQL storage, to ensure that only a single
  # instance is available.
  store: SQL
  configFile: "/etc/stan/config/secret.conf"

  # Customize using a Pod Spec template
  template:
    spec:
      volumes:
      - name: stan-secret
        secret:
          secretName: stan-secret
      containers:
        - name: nats-streaming
          volumeMounts:
          - mountPath: /etc/stan/config
            name: stan-secret
            readOnly: true
' | kubectl apply -f -

Using a custom store dir for a Persistent Volume

In order to use a persistent volume, it is needed to customize the location of the storage directory so that it is on the mounted filesystem. The volumes to be mounted by the NATS Streaming pod by definining them in the template with the spec for the Pod.

---
apiVersion: "streaming.nats.io/v1alpha1"
kind: "NatsStreamingCluster"
metadata:
  name: "example-stan-pv"
spec:
  natsSvc: "example-nats"

  config:
    storeDir: "/pv/stan"

  # Define mounts in the Pod Spec
  template:
    spec:
      volumes:
      - name: stan-store-dir
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: streaming-pvc
      containers:
        - name: nats-streaming
          volumeMounts:
          - mountPath: /pv
            name: stan-store-dir

Using a custom store dir and fault tolerance mode

---
apiVersion: "streaming.nats.io/v1alpha1"
kind: "NatsStreamingCluster"
metadata:
  name: "example-stan-pv"
spec:
  natsSvc: "example-nats"

  config:
    storeDir: "/pv/stan"
    ftGroup: "stan"

  # Define mounts in the Pod Spec
  template:
    spec:
      volumes:
      - name: stan-store-dir
        persistentVolumeClaim:
          claimName: streaming-pvc
      containers:
        - name: nats-streaming
          volumeMounts:
          - mountPath: /pv
            name: stan-store-dir

Development

Building the Docker Image

To build the nats-streaming-operator Docker image:

$ docker build -f docker/operator/Dockerfile -t <image>:<tag> .

You'll need Docker 17.06.0-ce or higher.

Running outside the cluster for development

For development purposes, the operator can be started locally as follows (against minikube for example):

KUBERNETES_CONFIG_FILE=$HOME/.kube/config DEBUG=true go run cmd/nats-streaming-operator/main.go

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