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KubeEye

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KubeEye aims to find various problems on Kubernetes, such as application misconfiguration(using Polaris), cluster components unhealthy and node problems(using Node-Problem-Detector). Besides predefined rules, it also supports custom defined rules.

Architecture

KubeEye gets cluster diagnostic data by calling the Kubernetes API, by regular matching of key error messages in logs and by rule matching of container syntax. See Architecture for details.

kubeeye-architecture

How to use

  • Install KubeEye on your machine

    • Download pre built executables from Releases.

    • Or you can build from source code

    git clone https://github.com/kubesphere/kubeeye.git
    cd kubeeye 
    make install
    
  • [Optional] Install Node-problem-Detector

Note: This line will install npd on your cluster, only required if you want detailed report.

ke install npd
  • Run KubeEye
[email protected]:# ke diag
NODENAME        SEVERITY     HEARTBEATTIME               REASON              MESSAGE
node18          Fatal        2020-11-19T10:32:03+08:00   NodeStatusUnknown   Kubelet stopped posting node status.
node19          Fatal        2020-11-19T10:31:37+08:00   NodeStatusUnknown   Kubelet stopped posting node status.
node2           Fatal        2020-11-19T10:31:14+08:00   NodeStatusUnknown   Kubelet stopped posting node status.
node3           Fatal        2020-11-27T17:36:53+08:00   KubeletNotReady     Container runtime not ready: RuntimeReady=false reason:DockerDaemonNotReady message:docker: failed to get docker version: Cannot connect to the Docker daemon at unix:///var/run/docker.sock. Is the docker daemon running?

NAME            SEVERITY     TIME                        MESSAGE
scheduler       Fatal        2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   Get http://127.0.0.1:10251/healthz: dial tcp 127.0.0.1:10251: connect: connection refused
etcd-0          Fatal        2020-11-27T17:56:37+08:00   Get https://192.168.13.8:2379/health: dial tcp 192.168.13.8:2379: connect: connection refused

NAMESPACE       SEVERITY     PODNAME                                          EVENTTIME                   REASON                MESSAGE
default         Warning      node3.164b53d23ea79fc7                           2020-11-27T17:37:34+08:00   ContainerGCFailed     rpc error: code = Unknown desc = Cannot connect to the Docker daemon at unix:///var/run/docker.sock. Is the docker daemon running?
default         Warning      node3.164b553ca5740aae                           2020-11-27T18:03:31+08:00   FreeDiskSpaceFailed   failed to garbage collect required amount of images. Wanted to free 5399374233 bytes, but freed 416077545 bytes
default         Warning      nginx-b8ffcf679-q4n9v.16491643e6b68cd7           2020-11-27T17:09:24+08:00   Failed                Error: ImagePullBackOff
default         Warning      node3.164b5861e041a60e                           2020-11-27T19:01:09+08:00   SystemOOM             System OOM encountered, victim process: stress, pid: 16713
default         Warning      node3.164b58660f8d4590                           2020-11-27T19:01:27+08:00   OOMKilling            Out of memory: Kill process 16711 (stress) score 205 or sacrifice child Killed process 16711 (stress), UID 0, total-vm:826516kB, anon-rss:819296kB, file-rss:0kB, shmem-rss:0kB
insights-agent  Warning      workloads-1606467120.164b519ca8c67416            2020-11-27T16:57:05+08:00   DeadlineExceeded      Job was active longer than specified deadline
kube-system     Warning      calico-node-zvl9t.164b3dc50580845d               2020-11-27T17:09:35+08:00   DNSConfigForming      Nameserver limits were exceeded, some nameservers have been omitted, the applied nameserver line is: 100.64.11.3 114.114.114.114 119.29.29.29
kube-system     Warning      kube-proxy-4bnn7.164b3dc4f4c4125d                2020-11-27T17:09:09+08:00   DNSConfigForming      Nameserver limits were exceeded, some nameservers have been omitted, the applied nameserver line is: 100.64.11.3 114.114.114.114 119.29.29.29
kube-system     Warning      nodelocaldns-2zbhh.164b3dc4f42d358b              2020-11-27T17:09:14+08:00   DNSConfigForming      Nameserver limits were exceeded, some nameservers have been omitted, the applied nameserver line is: 100.64.11.3 114.114.114.114 119.29.29.29


NAMESPACE       SEVERITY     NAME                      KIND         TIME                        MESSAGE
kube-system     Warning      node-problem-detector     DaemonSet    2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [livenessProbeMissing runAsPrivileged]
kube-system     Warning      calico-node               DaemonSet    2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [runAsPrivileged cpuLimitsMissing]
kube-system     Warning      nodelocaldns              DaemonSet    2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing runAsPrivileged]
default         Warning      nginx                     Deployment   2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing livenessProbeMissing tagNotSpecified]
insights-agent  Warning      workloads                 CronJob      2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [livenessProbeMissing]
insights-agent  Warning      cronjob-executor          Job          2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [livenessProbeMissing]
kube-system     Warning      calico-kube-controllers   Deployment   2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing livenessProbeMissing]
kube-system     Warning      coredns                   Deployment   2020-11-27T17:09:59+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing]   

You can refer to the FAQ content to optimize your cluster.

What KubeEye can do

  • KubeEye can find problems of your cluster control plane, including kube-apiserver/kube-controller-manager/etcd, etc.
  • KubeEye helps you detect all kinds of node problems, including memory/cpu/disk pressure, unexpected kernel error logs, etc.
  • KubeEye validates your workloads yaml specs against industry best practice, helps you make your cluster stable.

Checklist

YES/NO CHECK ITEM Description
ETCDHealthStatus if etcd is up and running normally
ControllerManagerHealthStatus if kubernetes kube-controller-manager is up and running normally.
SchedulerHealthStatus if kubernetes kube-scheduler
NodeMemory if node memory usage is above threshold
DockerHealthStatus if docker is up and running
NodeDisk if node disk usage is above given threshold
KubeletHealthStatus if kubelet is active and running normally
NodeCPU if node cpu usage is above the given threshold
NodeCorruptOverlay2 Overlay2 is not available
NodeKernelNULLPointer the node displays NotReady
NodeDeadlock A deadlock is a phenomenon in which two or more processes are waiting for each other as they compete for resources
NodeOOM Monitor processes that consume too much memory, especially those that consume a lot of memory very quickly, and the kernel kill them to prevent them from running out of memory
NodeExt4Error Ext4 mount error
NodeTaskHung Check to see if there is a process in state D for more than 120s
NodeUnregisterNetDevice Check corresponding net
NodeCorruptDockerImage Check docker image
NodeAUFSUmountHung Check storage
NodeDockerHung Docker hung, you can check docker log
PodSetLivenessProbe if livenessProbe set for every container in a pod
PodSetTagNotSpecified The mirror address does not declare tag or tag is latest
PodSetRunAsPrivileged Running a pod in a privileged mode means that the pod can access the host’s resources and kernel capabilities
PodSetImagePullBackOff Pod can't pull the image properly, so it can be pulled manually on the corresponding node
PodSetImageRegistry Checks if the image form is at the beginning of the corresponding harbor
PodSetCpuLimitsMissing No CPU Resource limit was declared
PodNoSuchFileOrDirectory Go into the container to see if the corresponding file exists
PodIOError This is usually due to file IO performance bottlenecks
PodNoSuchDeviceOrAddress Check corresponding net
PodInvalidArgument Check the storage
PodDeviceOrResourceBusy Check corresponding dirctory and PID
PodFileExists Check for existing files
PodTooManyOpenFiles The number of file /socket connections opened by the program exceeds the system set value
PodNoSpaceLeftOnDevice Check for disk and inode usage
NodeApiServerExpiredPeriod ApiServer certificate expiration date less than 30 days will be checked
PodSetCpuRequestsMissing The CPU Resource Request value was not declared
PodSetHostIPCSet Set the hostIP
PodSetHostNetworkSet Set the hostNetwork
PodHostPIDSet Set the hostPID
PodMemoryRequestsMiss No memory Resource Request value is declared
PodSetHostPort Set the hostPort
PodSetMemoryLimitsMissing No memory Resource limit value is declared
PodNotReadOnlyRootFiles The file system is not set to read-only
PodSetPullPolicyNotAlways The mirror pull strategy is not always
PodSetRunAsRootAllowed Executed as a root account
PodDangerousCapabilities You have the dangerous option in capabilities such as ALL/SYS_ADMIN/NET_ADMIN
PodlivenessProbeMissing ReadinessProbe was not declared
privilegeEscalationAllowed Privilege escalation is allowed
NodeNotReadyAndUseOfClosedNetworkConnection http2-max-streams-per-connection
NodeNotReady Failed to start ContainerManager Cannot set property TasksAccounting, or unknown property

unmarked items are under heavy development

Add your own check rules

Add custom npd rule

  • Install NPD with ke install npd
  • Edit configmap kube-system/node-problem-detector-config with kubectl,
 kubectl edit cm -n kube-system node-problem-detector-config
  • Add exception log information under the rule of configMap, rules follow regular expressions.

Fault with your own custom best practice rules

  • Prepare a rule yaml, for example, the following rule will validate your pod spec to make sure image are only from authorized registries.
checks:
  imageFromUnauthorizedRegistry: warning

customChecks:
  imageFromUnauthorizedRegistry:
    promptMessage: When the corresponding rule does not match. Show that image from an unauthorized registry.
    category: Images
    target: Container
    schema:
      '$schema': http://json-schema.org/draft-07/schema
      type: object
      properties:
        image:
          type: string
          not:
            pattern: ^quay.io
  • Save the above rule as a yaml, for example, rule.yaml.
  • Run KubeEye with rule.yaml
root:# ke diag -f rule.yaml --kubeconfig ~/.kube/config
NAMESPACE     SEVERITY    NAME                      KIND         TIME                        MESSAGE
default       Warning     nginx                     Deployment   2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [imageFromUnauthorizedRegistry]
kube-system   Warning     node-problem-detector     DaemonSet    2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [livenessProbeMissing runAsPrivileged]
kube-system   Warning     calico-node               DaemonSet    2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing runAsPrivileged]
kube-system   Warning     calico-kube-controllers   Deployment   2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing livenessProbeMissing]
kube-system   Warning     nodelocaldns              DaemonSet    2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [runAsPrivileged cpuLimitsMissing]
default       Warning     nginx                     Deployment   2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [livenessProbeMissing cpuLimitsMissing]
kube-system   Warning     coredns                   Deployment   2020-11-27T17:18:31+08:00   [cpuLimitsMissing]

Contributors ✨

Thanks goes to these wonderful people (emoji key):


Forest

💻 📖

zryfish

📖

shaowenchen

💻

pixiake

📖

pengfei

📖

Harsh Thakur

💻

This project follows the all-contributors specification. Contributions of any kind welcome!

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