Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

Mars Rover

Curiosity/Perseverance inspired Rover

Controller for driving the Rover found here

CAD model

The whole Fusion 360 project can be found in the CAD folder, download the .f3z file and open it in desktop Fusion 360.

The CAD render images are more up to date than the real images of the rover, for example some cosmetics have been added and the high gain antenna which can be rotated by a servo.


There are two options for wheeles, either original Curiosity style wheels that print in one piece. Or Mars 2020 style wheels that print in two parts where outer part can be printed in flexibale plastic such as TPU. The rover_2020_wheel_flex.f3d wheels are preferred if your printer can print in TPU as they provide way more grip.


There are 3 ways to drive the Rover right now:

  • LoRa
  • Websockets
  • Generic RC Transmitter

By moving a 3 way switch on the rover, the startup mode can be choosen; WiFi station + LoRa, LoRa only or WiFi AP (when using website hosted on the Rover, see data folder). Here is my controller supporting both LoRa and websocket control of the Rover.


Rover will automatically send telematics data as soon as someone connects to the websocket server or over LoRa if Rover is being controlled ove LoRa.


  • 6 12V 60 RPM DC motors, one in each wheel (
  • 2 brushless ESC's one for each side (3 motors)
  • Lots of (12, one for each servo) 12V to 5V switching voltage regulators
  • 4 servos (MG946R/MG996R) on each corner wheel to steer.
  • 6 Servos (MG946R) in the arm for 6-DOF. Poweded by a 3S battery.
  • 2 servos (MG946R/MG996R) for the head.
  • 6 Channel RC receiver and transmitter
  • 6 Motor shaft adapters
  • Some Round Metal Servo Arm 25T Disc Horns.
  • MCU (ESP32)
  • 3S battery
  • Standard PVC pipe with inner diameter of 23.40 mm and outer diameter 25 mm.
  • Lots of screws and bolts, mostly M3, but some M4's too.
  • Two kinds of bearings: 5x 608ZZ and 5x 25mm SKF 6005
  • Check the Fusion360 project for more details.
  • Cable madness is TODO to fix (temporary fixed by hiding it under the "lid")


There is no manual, but downloading the CAD model and browsing through it should get you started. Browse through both open and closed issues for help. Feel free to open an issue if you have a question.



Driving Modes

There are three ways to drive the rover. Either using a RC controller, LoRa or from a website hosted on the ESP32. RC controller is deafult, but as soon as someone connects to the ESP32 AP and a websocket is created, the RC controller or LoRa will be overriden by the WiFi controller. The website functionality is just as basic as the RC controller right now, but the plan is to add more advanced functionality to the website which is not possible to do on the RC controller. On the RC Transmitter I use two joysticks for channels 1-4 for, and two switches for channel 5-6. Joysticks are used both for steering the Rover and for moving each axis of the arm. When switch1 is:

  • LOW: joysticks are used for driving the rover
  • MID: Wheels will be set correct angles for the rover to be able to rotate on the spot by running each side of wheels in opposite direction. The direction is descided by the steer joystick.
  • HIGH: Arm mode, the two joysticks are used for moving axis 1-4 on the arm. Switch2 is used to switch between moving axis 1-4 and axis 5-6 (the gripper). This will be changed in the future, steering each axis manually is not really a good way, inverse kinematics is TODO.


Currently arm is just pretty much mapped to controls on the Controller, this is not really useful, so TODO.


Uploading Controller page to Spiffs

pio run -t uploadfs

Decoding crashes

xtensa-esp32-elf/bin/xtensa-esp32-elf-addr2line.exe -pfiaC -e /c/Users/ijakk_000/Documents/Rover-code/.pio/build/esp-wrover-kit/firmware.elf 0x00000000:0x3ffb5c60 ...

Alternative Project Comparisons
Related Awesome Lists
Top Programming Languages
Top Projects

Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Topics
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.
C Plus Plus (246,126
Arduino (30,918
Wifi (8,749
Arm (8,423
Esp32 (4,303
Servo (2,282
Joystick (1,985
Lora (1,373
3d Printing (1,006
Esp Idf (605
Rc (113
Rover (81
Robot Arm (56
Mars Rover (33
Perseverance (7
Curiosity Rover (5
Rc Controller (4