iocage is a jail/container manager amalgamating some of the best features and technologies the FreeBSD operating system has to offer. It is geared for ease of use with a simple and easy to understand command syntax.
iocage is in the FreeBSD ports tree as sysutils/py-iocage.
To install using binary packages, simply run:
pkg install py36-iocage
The FreeBSD source tree must be located at
/usr/src by default) to build from git.
pkg install python36 git-lite py36-cython py36-pip
git clone --recursive https://github.com/iocage/iocage
make installas root
To install subsequent updates: run
make install as root.
cd /usr/ports/sysutils/iocage/ ; make install clean
pkg install py36-iocage
This repository replaces
iocage_legacy. To upgrade to the current version:
service iocage stop; iocage stop ALL)
iocagepackage if it is installed (
pkg delete iocage)
iocageusing one of the methods above
iocage listas root
service iocage onestart)
We like issues! If you are having trouble with
iocage please open a GitHub issue and we will
run around with our hair on fire look into it. Before doing so, please give us some information about the situation:
Please be detailed on the exact use case of your change and a short demo of it. Make sure it conforms with PEP-8 and that you supply a test with it if relevant. Lines may not be longer then 80 characters.
Activate a zpool:
iocage activate ZPOOL
NOTE: ZPOOL is a placeholder. Use
zpool list and substitute it for the
zpool you wish to use.
Fetch a release:
Create a jail:
iocage create -n myjail ip4_addr="em0|192.168.1.10/24" -r 11.0-RELEASE
NOTE: em0 and 11.0-RELEASE are placeholders. Please replace them with your
real interface (
ifconfig) and RELEASE chosen during
Start the jail:
iocage start myjail
Congratulations, you have created your first jail with iocage!
You can now use it like you would a real system.
Since SSH won't be available by default,
iocage console myjail is a useful
spot to begin configuration of your jail.
To see a list of commands available to you now, type
iocage outside the jail.
me:\ :charset=UTF-8:\ :lang=en_US.UTF-8:\ :setenv=LC_COLLATE=C:
Kernel compiled with:
# This is optional and only needed if you need VNET options VIMAGE # VNET/Vimage support
For the explanations on jail properties read jail(8)
Create bridge0 and bridge1 interfaces for VNET jails to attach to.
iocage set to modify properties and
iocage get to retrieve property
iocage COMMAND --help to see any flags the command supports and their help, for example:
iocage create --help iocage fetch --help iocage list --help
If using VNET consider adding the following to
/etc/sysctl.conf on the host:
net.inet.ip.forwarding=1 # Enable IP forwarding between interfaces net.link.bridge.pfil_onlyip=0 # Only pass IP packets when pfil is enabled net.link.bridge.pfil_bridge=0 # Packet filter on the bridge interface net.link.bridge.pfil_member=0 # Packet filter on the member interface
Lots of jails or a big server? Mount
mount -t fdescfs null /dev/fd