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mgodatagen

A small CLI tool to quickly generate millions of pseudo-random BSON documents and insert them into a MongoDB instance. Quickly test new data structure or how your application responds when your database grows!

Try it online: mongoplayground.net

Features

  • Support all bson types listed in MongoDB bson types
  • Generate real data using gofakeit
  • Create referenced fields accross collections
  • Aggregate data across collections
  • Create sharded collection
  • Create collections in multiple databases
  • Cross-plateform

Demo

installation

Download the binary from the release page

or

Build from source:

First, make sure that go is installed on your machine (see install go for details ). Then clone the repo and build it:

git clone https://github.com/feliixx/mgodatagen.git
cd mgodatagen
go build

Options

Several options are available (use mgodatagen --help to print this):

Usage:
  mgodatagen -f config_file.json

template:
      --new=<filename>                         create an empty configuration file

configuration:
  -f, --file=<configfile>                      JSON config file. This field is required

  -a, --append                                 if present, append documents to the collection without
                                               removing older documents or deleting the collection
  -i, --indexonly                              if present, mgodatagen will just try to rebuild index
  -x, --indexfirst                             if present, mgodatagen will create index before
                                               inserting documents
  -n, --numWorker=<nb>                         number of concurrent workers inserting documents
                                               in database. Default is number of CPU
  -b, --batchsize=<size>                       bulk insert batch size (default: 1000)

connection infos:
      --uri=<uri>                              connection string URI. If present, takes precedence over all
                                               other options. For detail on URI format, see
                                               https://docs.mongodb.com/manual/reference/connection-string/
  -h, --host=<hostname>                        mongodb host to connect to (default: 127.0.0.1)
      --port=<port>                            server port (default: 27017)
  -u, --username=<username>                    username for authentification
  -p, --password=<password>                    password for authentification
      --authenticationMechanism=<mechanism>    authentication mechanism
                                               for now only PLAIN and MONGODB-X509 are supported
      --tlsCertificateKeyFile=<path>           PEM certificate/key file for TLS
      --tlsCAFile=<path>                       Certificate Authority file for TLS

general:
      --help                                   show this help message
  -v, --version                                print the tool version and exit
  -q, --quiet                                  quieter output

Only the configuration file need to be specified ( -f | --file flag). A basic usage of mgodatagen would be

./mgodatagen -f config.json

If no host/port is specified, mgodatagen tries to connect to mongodb://127.0.0.1:27017.

Configuration file

The config file is an array of JSON documents, where each documents holds the configuration for a collection to create

See MongoDB documentation for details on parameters:

[
  // first collection to create
  {
   // REQUIRED FIELDS
   //
   "database":     `string`,    // required, database name
   "collection":   `string`,    // required, collection name
   "count":        `int`,       // required, number of document to insert in the collection
   "content": {                 // required, the actual schema to generate documents
     "fieldName1": `generator`, // optional, see Generator below
     "fieldName2": `generator`,
     ...
   },
   // OPTIONAL FIELDS
   //
   // compression level (for WiredTiger engine only)
   // possible values:
   // - none
   // - snappy
   // - zlib
   "compressionLevel": `string`, // optional, default: snappy

   // configuration for sharded collection
   "shardConfig": {                          // optional
      "shardCollection":  `string`.`string`, // required. <database>.<collection>
      "key":              `object`,          // required, shard key, eg: {"_id": "hashed"}
      "unique":           `boolean`,         // optional, default: false
      "numInitialChunks": `int`,             // optional

      "collation": {                  // optional
        "locale":          `string`,  // required
        "caseLevel":       `boolean`, // optional
        "caseFirst":       `string`,  // optional
        "strength":        `int`,     // optional
        "numericOrdering": `boolean`, // optional
        "alternate":       `string`,  // optional
        "maxVariable":     `string`,  // optional 
        "backwards":       `boolean`, // optional
        "normalization":   `string`   // optional
      }
   },

   // list of index to build
   "indexes": [                           // optional
      {
         "name":               `string`,  // required, index name
         "key":                `object`,  // required, index key, eg: {"name": 1}
         "sparse":             `boolean`, // optional, default: false
         "unique":             `boolean`, // optional, default: false
         "bits":               `int`,     // optional, for 2d indexes only, default: 26
         "min":                `double`,  // optional, for 2d indexes only, default: -180.0
         "max":                `double`,  // optional, for 2d index only, default: 180.0
         "bucketSize":         `double`,  // optional, for geoHaystack indexes only
         "expireAfterSeconds": `int`,     // optional, for TTL indexes only
         "weights":            `string`,  // optional, for text indexes only
         "defaultLanguage":    `string`,  // optional, for text index only
         "languageOverride":   `string`,  // optional, for text index only
         "textIndexVersion":   `int`,     // optional, for text index only
         "partialFilterExpression": `object`, // optional

         "collation": {                  // optional
           "locale":          `string`,  // required 
           "caseLevel":       `boolean`, // optional
           "caseFirst":       `string`,  // optional
           "strength":        `int`,     // optional
           "numericOrdering": `boolean`, // optional
           "alternate":       `string`,  // optional
           "maxVariable":     `string`,  // optional
           "backwards":       `boolean`, // optional
           "normalization":   `string`   // optional
         }
   ]
  },
  // second collection to create
  {
    ...
  }
]

Example

A set of sample config files can be found in datagen/generators/testdata/. To use it, make sure that you have a mongodb instance running (on 127.0.0.1:27017 for example) and run

./mgodatagen -f datagen/generators/testdata/ref.json

This will insert 1000 random documents in collections test and link of database mgodatagen_test with the structure defined in the config file.

Generator types

Generators have a common structure:

"fieldName": {                  // required, field name in generated document
  "type":             `string`, // required, type of the field
  "typeParam":        ...,      // specific parameters for this type

  "maxDistinctValue": `int`,    // optional, maximum number of distinct values for this field
  "nullPercentage":   `int`     // optional, int between 0 and 100. Percentage of documents
                                // that will have this field
}

List of basic <generator> types:

List of composite <generator> types:

String

Generates a random string of a certain length. String is composed of char within this list: abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789-_

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "string", // required
    "minLength":        `int`,    // required, must be >= 0
    "maxLength":        `int`,    // required, must be >= minLength
    "unique":           `bool`,   // optional, see details below
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,    // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`     // optional
}

Unique String

If unique is set to true, the field will only contains unique strings. Unique strings have a fixed length, minLength is taken as length for the string. There is 64^x possible unique string for strings of length x. This number has to be inferior or equal to the number of documents you want to generate. For example, if you want unique strings of length 3, there is 64 * 64 * 64 = 262144 possible strings

They will look like

"aaa",
"aab",
"aac",
"aad",
...

Int

Generates a random int within bounds.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "int", // required
    "minInt":           `int`, // optional
    "maxInt":           `int`, // optional, must be >= minInt
    "nullPercentage":   `int`, // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`  // optional
}

Long

Generates a random long within bounds.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "long", // required
    "minLong":          `long`, // optional
    "maxLong":          `long`, // optional, must be >= minLong
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,  // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`   // optional
}

Double

Generates a random double within bounds.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "double", // required
    "minDouble":        `double`, // optional
    "maxDouble":        `double`, // optional, must be >= minDouble
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,    // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`     // optional
}

Decimal

Generates a random decimal128.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "decimal", // required
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,     // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`,     // optional
}

Boolean

Generates a random boolean.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "boolean", // required
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,     // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`      // optional
}

ObjectId

Generates a random objectId.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "objectId", // required
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,      // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`       // optional
}

Array

Generates a random array of bson object.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "array",     // required
    "minLength":        `int`,       // required, must be >= 0
    "maxLength":        `int`,       // required, must be >= minLength
    "arrayContent":     `generator`, // generator use to create element to fill the array.
                                     // can be of any type
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,       // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`        // optional
}

Object

Generates random nested object.

"fieldName": {
    "type":                "object",    // required
    "objectContent": {                  // required, list of generator used to
       "nestedFieldName1": `generator`, // generate the nested document
       "nestedFieldName2": `generator`,
       ...
    },
    "nullPercentage":      `int`,       // optional
    "maxDistinctValue":    `int`        // optional
}

Binary

Generates random binary data of length within bounds.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "binary", // required
    "minLength":        `int`,    // required, must be >= 0
    "maxLength":        `int`,    // required, must be >= minLength
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,    // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`     // optional
}

Date

Generates a random date (stored as ISODate ).

startDate and endDate are string representation of a Date following RFC3339:

format: "yyyy-MM-ddThh:mm:ss+00:00"

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "date",   // required
    "startDate":        `string`, // required
    "endDate":          `string`, // required, must be >= startDate
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,    // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`     // optional
}

Position

Generates a random GPS position in Decimal Degrees ( WGS 84), eg : [40.741895, -73.989308]

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "position", // required
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,      // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`       // optional
}

Constant

Adds the same value to each document.

"fieldName": {
    "type":           "constant", // required
    "constVal":       `object`,   // required, can be of any type including object and array
                                  // eg: {"k": 1, "v": "val"}
                                  // to set constant ObjectId eg: { "$oid": "5a934e000102030405000001" }
    "nullPercentage": `int`       // optional
}

Autoincrement

Generates an autoincremented value (type <long> or <int>).

"fieldName": {
    "type":           "autoincrement", // required
    "autoType":       `string`,        // required, either "int" or "long"
    "startLong":      `long`,          // optional, start value if autoType = "long"
    "startInt":       `int`,           // optional, start value if autoType = "int"
    "nullPercentage": `int`            // optional
}

Ref

If a field reference an other field in a different collection, you can use a ref generator.

generator in first collection:

"fieldName":{
    "type":             "ref",       // required
    "id":               `int`,       // required, generator id used to link
                                     // field between collections
    "refContent":       `generator`, // required
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,       // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`        // optional
}

generator in other collections:

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "ref", // required
    "id":               `int`, // required, same id as previous generator
    "nullPercentage":   `int`, // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`  // optional
}

It can also be used to duplicate a field in a single collection ( see reference_same_collection.json )

FromArray

Picks an object from an array as value for the field. Currently, objects in the array have to be of the same type. By default, items are picked from the array in the order where they appear.

"fieldName": {
    "type":           "fromArray", // required
    "in": [                        // required. Can't be empty. An array of object of
      `object`,                    // any type, including object and array.
      `object`
      ...
    ], 
    "randomOrder":    `bool`, // optional. If set to true, objects will be picked 
                              // from the array in random order.
    "nullPercentage": `int`   // optional

}

UUID

Generates a random UUID

"fieldName": {
    "type":           "uuid",  // required
    "format":         `string` // optional, either "string" or "binary".
                               // default is "string" 
    "nullPercentage": `int`    // optional
}

If format is "string", the field will be a simple string like "f1b9b567-9b34-45af-9d9c-35f565d57716".

If format is "binary", the field will be stored as a bson UUID like UUID("f1b9b567-9b34-45af-9d9c-35f565d57716")

StringFromParts

Generates a random string from several generators. parts generators can't have unique or maxDistinctValue attributes set.

"fieldName": {
    "type":           "stringFromParts", // required
    "parts": [                           // required. Can't be empty. An array 
      `generator`,                       // of generators of any basic type
      `generator`
      ...
    ],
    "nullPercentage": `int`              // optional
}

Example:

To generate phone number like '(555) 565-2431', you can combine several generators like this:

"phone": {
  "type": "stringFromParts",
  "parts": [
    {
      "type": "constant",
      "constVal": "(555) "
    },
    {
      "type": "int",
      "minInt": 100,
      "maxInt": 999
    },
    {
      "type": "constant",
      "constVal": "-"
    },
    {
      "type": "int",
      "minInt": 1000,
      "maxInt": 9999
    },
  ]
}

CountAggregator

Count documents from <database>.<collection> matching a specific query. To use a variable of the document in the query, prefix it with "$$".

The query can't be empty or null.

"fieldName": {
  "type": "countAggregator", // required
  "database":   `string`,    // required, db to use to perform aggregation
  "collection": `string`,    // required, collection to use to perform aggregation
  "query":      `object`     // required, query that selects which documents to count in
                             // the collection
}

Example:

Assuming that the collection first contains:

{"_id": 1, "field1": 1, "field2": "a" }
{"_id": 2, "field1": 1, "field2": "b" }
{"_id": 3, "field1": 2, "field2": "c" }

and that the generator for collection second is:

{
  "database": "test",
  "collection": "second",
  "count": 2,
  "content": {
    "_id": {
      "type": "autoincrement",
      "autoType": "int"
      "startInt": 0
    },
    "count": {
      "type": "countAggregator",
      "database": "test",
      "collection": "first",
      "query": {
        "field1": "$$_id"
      }
    }
  }
}

The collection second will contain:

{"_id": 1, "count": 2}
{"_id": 2, "count": 1}

ValueAggregator

Get distinct values for a specific field for documents from <database>.<collection> matching a specific query. To use a variable of the document in the query, prefix it with "$$".

The query can't be empty or null.

"fieldName": {
  "type": "valueAggregator", // required
  "database":   `string`,    // required, db to use to perform aggregation
  "collection": `string`,    // required, collection to use to perform aggregation
  "key":        `string`,    // required, the field for which to return distinct values.
  "query":      `object`     // required, query that specifies the documents from which
                             // to retrieve the distinct values
}

Example:

Assuming that the collection first contains:

{"_id": 1, "field1": 1, "field2": "a" }
{"_id": 2, "field1": 1, "field2": "b" }
{"_id": 3, "field1": 2, "field2": "c" }

and that the generator for collection second is:

{
  "database": "test",
  "collection": "second",
  "count": 2,
  "content": {
    "_id": {
      "type": "autoincrement",
      "autoType": "int"
      "startInt": 0
    },
    "count": {
      "type": "valueAggregator",
      "database": "test",
      "collection": "first",
      "key": "field2",
      "values": {
        "field1": "$$_id"
      }
    }
  }
}

The collection second will contain:

{"_id": 1, "values": ["a", "b"]}
{"_id": 2, "values": ["c"]}

BoundAggregator

Get the lowest and highest value for a specific field of documents in <database>.<collection> matching a specific query. To use a variable of the document in the query, prefix it with "$$"

The query can't be empty or null

"fieldName": {
  "type": "valueAggregator", // required
  "database":   `string`,    // required, db to use to perform aggregation
  "collection": `string`,    // required, collection to use to perform aggregation
  "key":        `string`,    // required, the field for which to return distinct values.
  "query":      `object`     // required, query that specifies the documents from which
                             // to retrieve lower/higer value
}

Example:

Assuming that the collection first contains:

{"_id": 1, "field1": 1, "field2": "0" }
{"_id": 2, "field1": 1, "field2": "10" }
{"_id": 3, "field1": 2, "field2": "20" }
{"_id": 4, "field1": 2, "field2": "30" }
{"_id": 5, "field1": 2, "field2": "15" }
{"_id": 6, "field1": 2, "field2": "200" }

and that the generator for collection second is:

{
  "database": "test",
  "collection": "second",
  "count": 2,
  "content": {
    "_id": {
      "type": "autoincrement",
      "autoType": "int"
      "startInt": 0
    },
    "count": {
      "type": "valueAggregator",
      "database": "test",
      "collection": "first",
      "key": "field2",
      "values": {
        "field1": "$$_id"
      }
    }
  }
}

The collection second will contain:

{"_id": 1, "values": {"m": 0, "M": 10}}
{"_id": 2, "values": {"m": 15, "M": 200}}

where m is the min value, and M the max value.

Faker

Generate 'real' data using gofakeit library.

"fieldName": {
    "type":             "faker",  // required
    "method":           `string`, // required, faker method to use, for example: Name
    "nullPercentage":   `int`,    // optional
    "maxDistinctValue": `int`     // optional
}

List of faker methods:

"FirstName"
"LastName"
"Name"
"NamePrefix"
"NameSuffix"
"Gender"
"Phone"
"PhoneFormatted"
"Username"
"Email"

"BS"
"BuzzWord"
"Company"
"CompanySuffix"
"JobDescriptor"
"JobLevel"
"JobTitle"
"Language"
"LanguageAbbreviation"

"CreditCardCvv"
"CreditCardExp"
"CreditCardType"
"CurrencyLong"
"CurrencyShort"

"DomainName"
"DomainSuffix"
"HTTPMethod"
"IPv4Address"
"IPv6Address"
"MacAddress"
"FileMimeType"
"SSN"
"URL"
"UserAgent"
"SafariUserAgent"
"OperaUserAgent"
"ChromeUserAgent"
"FileExtension"
"FirefoxUserAgent"

"TimeZone"
"TimeZoneAbv"
"TimeZoneFull"
"Month"
"WeekDay"

"Word"
"Question"
"Quote"
"Letter"
"ProgrammingLanguage"
"ProgrammingLanguageBest"
"HexColor"
"Color"
"HipsterWord"
"SafeColor"

"Street"
"StreetName"
"StreetNumber"
"StreetPrefix"
"StreetSuffix"
"City"
"State"
"StateAbr"
"Zip"
"Country"
"CountryAbr"

"Emoji"
"EmojiAlias"
"EmojiCategory"
"EmojiDescription"
"EmojiTag"

"HackerAbbreviation"
"HackerAdjective"
"HackeringVerb"
"HackerNoun"
"HackerPhrase"
"HackerVerb"

"CarMaker"
"CarModel"
"CarTransmissionType"
"CarFuelType"
"CarType"

"Animal"
"AnimalType"
"Cat"
"Dog"
"FarmAnimal"
"PetName"

"BeerAlcohol"
"BeerBlg"
"BeerHop"
"BeerIbu"
"BeerMalt"
"BeerName"
"BeerStyle"
"BeerYeast"

If you're building large datasets (10M+ documents) you should avoid faker generators and use main or custom generators instead, as faker may be way slower.


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