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:Version: 4.4.6 (cliffs) :Web: http://celeryproject.org/ :Download: https://pypi.org/project/celery/ :Source: https://github.com/celery/celery/ :Keywords: task, queue, job, async, rabbitmq, amqp, redis, python, distributed, actors
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Task queues are used as a mechanism to distribute work across threads or machines.
A task queue's input is a unit of work, called a task, dedicated worker processes then constantly monitor the queue for new work to perform.
Celery communicates via messages, usually using a broker to mediate between clients and workers. To initiate a task a client puts a message on the queue, the broker then delivers the message to a worker.
A Celery system can consist of multiple workers and brokers, giving way to high availability and horizontal scaling.
Celery is written in Python, but the protocol can be implemented in any
language. In addition to Python there's node-celery_ for Node.js,
gocelery for golang, and rusty-celery_ for Rust.
Language interoperability can also be achieved by using webhooks in such a way that the client enqueues an URL to be requested by a worker.
.. _node-celery: https://github.com/mher/node-celery
PHP client: https://github.com/gjedeer/celery-php
.. _rusty-celery: https://github.com/rusty-celery/rusty-celery
Celery version 4.4.0 runs on,
4.x.x is the last version to support Python 2.7, and from the next major version (Celery 5.x) Python 3.6 or newer is required.
If you're running an older version of Python, you need to be running an older version of Celery:
Celery is a project with minimal funding, so we don't support Microsoft Windows. Please don't open any issues related to that platform.
Celery is usually used with a message broker to send and receive messages. The RabbitMQ, Redis transports are feature complete, but there's also experimental support for a myriad of other solutions, including using SQLite for local development.
Celery can run on a single machine, on multiple machines, or even across datacenters.
If this is the first time you're trying to use Celery, or you're new to Celery 4.4 coming from previous versions then you should read our getting started tutorials:
First steps with Celery_
Tutorial teaching you the bare minimum needed to get started with Celery.
A more complete overview, showing more features.
First steps with Celery:
Celery is easy to use and maintain, and does not need configuration files.
It has an active, friendly community you can talk to for support,
like at our
mailing-list_, or the IRC channel.
Here's one of the simplest applications you can make::
from celery import Celery app = Celery('hello', broker='amqp://[email protected]//') @app.task def hello(): return 'hello world'
Workers and clients will automatically retry in the event of connection loss or failure, and some brokers support HA in way of Primary/Primary or Primary/Replica replication.
A single Celery process can process millions of tasks a minute, with sub-millisecond round-trip latency (using RabbitMQ, py-librabbitmq, and optimized settings).
Almost every part of Celery can be extended or used on its own, Custom pool implementations, serializers, compression schemes, logging, schedulers, consumers, producers, broker transports, and much more.
- **Message Transports** - RabbitMQ_, Redis_, Amazon SQS - **Concurrency** - Prefork, Eventlet_, gevent_, single threaded (``solo``) - **Result Stores** - AMQP, Redis - memcached - SQLAlchemy, Django ORM - Apache Cassandra, IronCache, Elasticsearch - **Serialization** - *pickle*, *json*, *yaml*, *msgpack*. - *zlib*, *bzip2* compression. - Cryptographic message signing.
Celery is easy to integrate with web frameworks, some of which even have integration packages:
+--------------------+------------------------+ | `Django`_ | not needed | +--------------------+------------------------+ | `Pyramid`_ | `pyramid_celery`_ | +--------------------+------------------------+ | `Pylons`_ | `celery-pylons`_ | +--------------------+------------------------+ | `Flask`_ | not needed | +--------------------+------------------------+ | `web2py`_ | `web2py-celery`_ | +--------------------+------------------------+ | `Tornado`_ | `tornado-celery`_ | +--------------------+------------------------+
The integration packages aren't strictly necessary, but they can make
development easier, and sometimes they add important hooks like closing
database connections at
latest documentation_ is hosted at Read The Docs, containing user guides,
tutorials, and an API reference.
最新的中文文档托管在 https://www.celerycn.io/ 中，包含用户指南、教程、API接口等。
latest documentation: http://docs.celeryproject.org/en/latest/
You can install Celery either via the Python Package Index (PyPI) or from source.
To install using
$ pip install -U Celery
Celery also defines a group of bundles that can be used to install Celery and the dependencies for a given feature.
You can specify these in your requirements or on the
command-line by using brackets. Multiple bundles can be specified by
separating them by commas.
$ pip install "celery[librabbitmq]" $ pip install "celery[librabbitmq,redis,auth,msgpack]"
The following bundles are available:
:``celery[auth]``: for using the ``auth`` security serializer. :``celery[msgpack]``: for using the msgpack serializer. :``celery[yaml]``: for using the yaml serializer. Concurrency
for using the
for using the
Transports and Backends
:``celery[librabbitmq]``: for using the librabbitmq C library. :``celery[redis]``: for using Redis as a message transport or as a result backend. :``celery[sqs]``: for using Amazon SQS as a message transport. :``celery[tblib``]: for using the ``task_remote_tracebacks`` feature. :``celery[memcache]``: for using Memcached as a result backend (using ``pylibmc``) :``celery[pymemcache]``: for using Memcached as a result backend (pure-Python implementation). :``celery[cassandra]``: for using Apache Cassandra as a result backend with DataStax driver. :``celery[azureblockblob]``: for using Azure Storage as a result backend (using ``azure-storage``) :``celery[s3]``: for using S3 Storage as a result backend. :``celery[couchbase]``: for using Couchbase as a result backend. :``celery[arangodb]``: for using ArangoDB as a result backend. :``celery[elasticsearch]``: for using Elasticsearch as a result backend. :``celery[riak]``: for using Riak as a result backend. :``celery[cosmosdbsql]``: for using Azure Cosmos DB as a result backend (using ``pydocumentdb``) :``celery[zookeeper]``: for using Zookeeper as a message transport. :``celery[sqlalchemy]``: for using SQLAlchemy as a result backend (*supported*). :``celery[pyro]``: for using the Pyro4 message transport (*experimental*). :``celery[slmq]``: for using the SoftLayer Message Queue transport (*experimental*). :``celery[consul]``: for using the Consul.io Key/Value store as a message transport or result backend (*experimental*). :``celery[django]``: specifies the lowest version possible for Django support. You should probably not use this in your requirements, it's here for informational purposes only. .. _celery-installing-from-source: Downloading and installing from source -------------------------------------- Download the latest version of Celery from PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/celery/ You can install it by doing the following,: :: $ tar xvfz celery-0.0.0.tar.gz $ cd celery-0.0.0 $ python setup.py build # python setup.py install The last command must be executed as a privileged user if you aren't currently using a virtualenv. .. _celery-installing-from-git: Using the development version ----------------------------- With pip ~~~~~~~~ The Celery development version also requires the development versions of ``kombu``, ``amqp``, ``billiard``, and ``vine``. You can install the latest snapshot of these using the following pip commands: :: $ pip install https://github.com/celery/celery/zipball/master#egg=celery $ pip install https://github.com/celery/billiard/zipball/master#egg=billiard $ pip install https://github.com/celery/py-amqp/zipball/master#egg=amqp $ pip install https://github.com/celery/kombu/zipball/master#egg=kombu $ pip install https://github.com/celery/vine/zipball/master#egg=vine With git ~~~~~~~~ Please see the Contributing section. .. _getting-help: Getting Help ============ .. _mailing-list: Mailing list ------------ For discussions about the usage, development, and future of Celery, please join the `celery-users`_ mailing list. .. _`celery-users`: https://groups.google.com/group/celery-users/ .. _irc-channel: IRC --- Come chat with us on IRC. The **#celery** channel is located at the `Freenode`_ network. .. _`Freenode`: https://freenode.net .. _bug-tracker: Bug tracker =========== If you have any suggestions, bug reports, or annoyances please report them to our issue tracker at https://github.com/celery/celery/issues/ .. _wiki: Wiki ==== https://github.com/celery/celery/wiki Credits ======= .. _contributing-short: Contributors ------------ This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute. Development of `celery` happens at GitHub: https://github.com/celery/celery You're highly encouraged to participate in the development of `celery`. If you don't like GitHub (for some reason) you're welcome to send regular patches. Be sure to also read the `Contributing to Celery`_ section in the documentation. .. _`Contributing to Celery`: http://docs.celeryproject.org/en/master/contributing.html |oc-contributors| .. |oc-contributors| image:: https://opencollective.com/celery/contributors.svg?width=890&button=false :target: https://github.com/celery/celery/graphs/contributors Backers ------- Thank you to all our backers! 🙏 [`Become a backer`_] .. _`Become a backer`: https://opencollective.com/celery#backer |oc-backers| .. |oc-backers| image:: https://opencollective.com/celery/backers.svg?width=890 :target: https://opencollective.com/celery#backers Sponsors -------- Support this project by becoming a sponsor. Your logo will show up here with a link to your website. [`Become a sponsor`_] .. _`Become a sponsor`: https://opencollective.com/celery#sponsor |oc-sponsors| .. |oc-sponsors| image:: https://opencollective.com/celery/sponsor/0/avatar.svg :target: https://opencollective.com/celery/sponsor/0/website .. _license: License ======= This software is licensed under the `New BSD License`. See the ``LICENSE`` file in the top distribution directory for the full license text. .. # vim: syntax=rst expandtab tabstop=4 shiftwidth=4 shiftround .. |build-status| image:: https://secure.travis-ci.org/celery/celery.png?branch=master :alt: Build status :target: https://travis-ci.org/celery/celery .. |coverage| image:: https://codecov.io/github/celery/celery/coverage.svg?branch=master :target: https://codecov.io/github/celery/celery?branch=master .. |license| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/l/celery.svg :alt: BSD License :target: https://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3-Clause .. |wheel| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/wheel/celery.svg :alt: Celery can be installed via wheel :target: https://pypi.org/project/celery/ .. |pyversion| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/pyversions/celery.svg :alt: Supported Python versions. :target: https://pypi.org/project/celery/ .. |pyimp| image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/implementation/celery.svg :alt: Support Python implementations. :target: https://pypi.org/project/celery/ .. |ocbackerbadge| image:: https://opencollective.com/celery/backers/badge.svg :alt: Backers on Open Collective :target: #backers .. |ocsponsorbadge| image:: https://opencollective.com/celery/sponsors/badge.svg :alt: Sponsors on Open Collective :target: #sponsors .. |downloads| image:: https://pepy.tech/badge/celery :alt: Downloads :target: https://pepy.tech/project/celery