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react-native-maps-directions

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Directions component for react-native-maps – Draw a route between two coordinates, powered by the Google Maps Directions API

react-native-maps-directions

Installation

Install react-native-maps-directions as a dependency using either

  • Node's npm

    npm install react-native-maps-directions
    
  • Yarn

    yarn add react-native-maps-directions
    

Basic Usage

Import MapViewDirections and render it as a child of a MapView component. The mandatory MapViewDirections props are:

  • origin: The origin location to start routing from
  • destination: The destination location to start routing to
  • apikey: Your Google Maps Directions API Key (request one here; if you're using an existing Google Maps API Key make sure you've enabled the Google Maps Directions API for that key using the Google API Console).
import MapViewDirections from 'react-native-maps-directions';

const origin = {latitude: 37.3318456, longitude: -122.0296002};
const destination = {latitude: 37.771707, longitude: -122.4053769};
const GOOGLE_MAPS_APIKEY = '…';

<MapView initialRegion={}>
  <MapViewDirections
    origin={origin}
    destination={destination}
    apikey={GOOGLE_MAPS_APIKEY}
  />
</MapView>

Once the directions in between destination and origin has been fetched, a MapView.Polyline between the two will be drawn. Whenever one of both changes, new directions will be fetched and rendered.

Component API

Props

Prop Type Default Note
origin LatLng or String The origin location to start routing from.
destination LatLng or String The destination location to start routing to.
apikey String Your Google Maps API Key (request one here; if you're using an existing Google Maps API Key make sure you've enabled the Google Maps Directions API for that key using the Google API Console by hitting the “Enable APIs and Services“ button).
waypoints [LatLng or String] [] Array of waypoints to use between origin and destination.
language String "en" The language to use when calculating directions. See here for more info.
mode String "DRIVING" Which transportation mode to use when calculating directions. Allowed values are "DRIVING", "BICYCLING", "WALKING", and "TRANSIT". (See here for more info).
resetOnChange boolean true Tweak if the rendered MapView.Polyline should reset or not when calculating the route between origin and destionation. Set to false if you see the directions line glitching.
optimizeWaypoints boolean false Set it to true if you would like Google Maps to re-order all the waypoints to optimize the route for the fastest route. Please be aware that if this option is enabled, you will be billed at a higher rate by Google as stated here.
splitWaypoints boolean false Directions API has a limit of 10 or 25 (depends on the billing plan) waypoints per route. When exceeding this limit you will be billed at a higher reate by Google. Set this to true if you would like to automatically split waypoints into multiple routes, thus bypassing this waypoints limit.
directionsServiceBaseUrl string (Google's) Base URL of the Directions Service (API) you are using. By default the Google Directions API is used ("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/directions/json"). Usually you won't need to change this.
region String If you are using strings for origin or destination, sometimes you will get an incorrect route because Google Maps API needs the region where this places belong to. See here for more info.
precision String "low" The precision level of detail of the drawn polyline. Allowed values are "high", and "low". Setting to "low" will yield a polyline that is an approximate (smoothed) path of the resulting directions. Setting to "high" may cause a hit in performance in case a complex route is returned.
timePrecision String "none" The timePrecision to get Realtime traffic info. Allowed values are "none", and "now". Defaults to "none".
channel String null If you include the channel parameter in your requests, you can generate a Successful Requests report that shows a breakdown of your application's API requests across different applications that use the same client ID (such as externally facing access vs. internally facing access).

More props

Since the result rendered on screen is a MapView.Polyline component, all MapView.Polyline props – except for coordinates – are also accepted.

<MapView initialRegion={}>
  <MapViewDirections
    origin={origin}
    destination={destination}
    apikey={GOOGLE_MAPS_APIKEY}
    strokeWidth={3}
    strokeColor="hotpink"
  />
</MapView>

An extra note on origin and destination

The values for the origin and destination props can take several forms. They can either be:

  • Coordinates in the form of an object with latitude and longitude keys
  • Coordinates in the form of a string with latitude and longitude values separated by a comma
  • Strings representing an address
  • Strings representing a location
  • Strings containing a Place Id from the Google Maps Place API prefixed with place_id:

All examples below have the same origin location, represented in the formats mentioned above:

<MapViewDirections origin={{ latitude: 37.3317876, longitude: -122.0054812 }} destination="…" />
<MapViewDirections origin="37.3317876,-122.0054812" destination="…" />
<MapViewDirections origin="Apple Park Visitor Center" destination="…" />
<MapViewDirections origin="10600 N Tantau Ave, Cupertino, CA 95014, USA" destination="…" />
<MapViewDirections origin="place_id:ChIJW5i0tJC1j4ARoUGtkogTaUU" destination="…" />

Note: The origin and destination props don't need to use the same representation, you may mix them.

Tip: Don't forget to tweak the language prop when using localized location names.

Events/Callbacks

Event Name Returns Notes
onStart { origin, destination, waypoints: [] } Callback that is called when the routing has started.
onReady { distance: Number, duration: Number, coordinates: [], fare: Object, waypointOrder: [[]] } Callback that is called when the routing has succesfully finished. Note: distance returned in kilometers and duration in minutes.
onError errorMessage Callback that is called in case the routing has failed.

Extended Example

This example will draw a route between AirBnB's Office and Apple's HQ

import React, { Component } from 'react';
import { Dimensions, StyleSheet } from 'react-native';
import MapView from 'react-native-maps';
import MapViewDirections from 'react-native-maps-directions';

const { width, height } = Dimensions.get('window');
const ASPECT_RATIO = width / height;
const LATITUDE = 37.771707;
const LONGITUDE = -122.4053769;
const LATITUDE_DELTA = 0.0922;
const LONGITUDE_DELTA = LATITUDE_DELTA * ASPECT_RATIO;

const GOOGLE_MAPS_APIKEY = '…';

class Example extends Component {

  constructor(props) {
    super(props);

    // AirBnB's Office, and Apple Park
    this.state = {
      coordinates: [
        {
          latitude: 37.3317876,
          longitude: -122.0054812,
        },
        {
          latitude: 37.771707,
          longitude: -122.4053769,
        },
      ],
    };

    this.mapView = null;
  }

  onMapPress = (e) => {
    this.setState({
      coordinates: [
        ...this.state.coordinates,
        e.nativeEvent.coordinate,
      ],
    });
  }

  render() {
    return (
      <MapView
        initialRegion={{
          latitude: LATITUDE,
          longitude: LONGITUDE,
          latitudeDelta: LATITUDE_DELTA,
          longitudeDelta: LONGITUDE_DELTA,
        }}
        style={StyleSheet.absoluteFill}
        ref={c => this.mapView = c}
        onPress={this.onMapPress}
      >
        {this.state.coordinates.map((coordinate, index) =>
          <MapView.Marker key={`coordinate_${index}`} coordinate={coordinate} />
        )}
        {(this.state.coordinates.length >= 2) && (
          <MapViewDirections
            origin={this.state.coordinates[0]}
            waypoints={ (this.state.coordinates.length > 2) ? this.state.coordinates.slice(1, -1): null}
            destination={this.state.coordinates[this.state.coordinates.length-1]}
            apikey={GOOGLE_MAPS_APIKEY}
            strokeWidth={3}
            strokeColor="hotpink"
            optimizeWaypoints={true}
            onStart={(params) => {
              console.log(`Started routing between "${params.origin}" and "${params.destination}"`);
            }}
            onReady={result => {
              console.log(`Distance: ${result.distance} km`)
              console.log(`Duration: ${result.duration} min.`)

              this.mapView.fitToCoordinates(result.coordinates, {
                edgePadding: {
                  right: (width / 20),
                  bottom: (height / 20),
                  left: (width / 20),
                  top: (height / 20),
                }
              });
            }}
            onError={(errorMessage) => {
              // console.log('GOT AN ERROR');
            }}
          />
        )}
      </MapView>
    );
  }
}

export default Example;

Example App

An example app can be found in a separate repo, located at https://github.com/bramus/react-native-maps-directions-example.

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information on what has changed recently.

Credits

This code is inspired upon the article React Native Maps with Google Directions Api by Ali Oğuzhan Yıldız.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.


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