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Awesome Open Source

Readable database errors

Do you like forcing constraint validation down into the database, but dislike the native error messages returned by Postgres?

invalid input syntax for uuid: "foo"

invalid input value for enum account_status: "blah"

new row for relation "accounts" violates check constraint "accounts_balance_check"

null value in column "id" violates not-null constraint

This library attempts to parse those error messages and return error messages that you can expose via your API.

No id was provided. Please provide a id

Cannot write a negative balance

Invalid input syntax for type uuid: "foo"

Invalid account_status: "blah"

Can't save to payments because the account_id (91f47e99-d616-4d8c-9c02-cbd13bceac60) isn't present in the accounts table

A email already exists with this value ([email protected])

In addition, this library exports common Postgres error codes, so you can check against them in your application.

Basic Usage

import dberror "github.com/Shyp/go-dberror"

func main() {
	_, err := db.Exec("INSERT INTO accounts (id) VALUES (null)")
	dberr := dberror.GetError(err)
	switch e := dberr.(type) {
	case *dberror.Error:
		fmt.Println(e.Error()) // "No id was provided. Please provide a id"
	default:
		// not a pq error
}

Database Constraints

Failed check constraints are tricky - the native error messages just say "failed", and don't reference a column.

So you can define your own constraint handlers, and then register them:

import dberror "github.com/Shyp/go-dberror"
import "github.com/lib/pq"

func init()
	constraint := &dberror.Constraint{
		Name: "accounts_balance_check",
		GetError: func(e *pq.Error) *dberror.Error {
			return &dberror.Error{
				Message:  "Cannot write a negative balance",
				Severity: e.Severity,
				Table:    e.Table,
				Detail:   e.Detail,
				Code:     string(e.Code),
			}
		},
	}
	dberror.RegisterConstraint(constraint)

	// test.AssertEquals(t, e.Error(), "Cannot write a negative balance")
}

If we get a constraint failure, we'll call your GetError handler, to get a well-formatted message.


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