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Mongo.Migration

Mongo.Migration is designed for the MongoDB C# Driver to migrate your documents easily and on-the-fly. No more downtime for schema-migrations. Just write small and simple migrations.

**Edit**

With version 3.0.0 of Mongo.Migration I added the possibility to run migrations on StartUp. In order to keep the core of Mongo.Migration in focus, it is still possible to run migrations at runtime (on-the-fly). In addition, there is now the option of executing migrations at the start of the application.

**PLEASE NOTE** If you use on-the-fly migration updates, aggregation pipeline and projections are not handled, because they don’t use serialization. You have to handle them yourself.

With version 4.0.0 of Mongo.Migration was added the possibility to run database migrations on StartUp. Now exist additional option of executing migrations which can manipulate the mongo database insert documents, rename collections and other operations that you need. It's more generic operations than only manipulate document when exists.

Installation

Install via nuget https://www.nuget.org/packages/Mongo.Migration

PM> Install-Package Mongo.Migration

Document migrations quick Start

.Net Framework

  1. Initialize MongoMigration behind the MongoClient. (Mongo2Go)
// Init MongoDB
var runner = MongoDbRunner.Start(); // Mongo2Go
var client = new MongoClient(runner.ConnectionString);

// Init MongoMigration
MongoMigrationClient.Initialize(client);

.Net Core

1.1 Add MongoMigration with the StartupFilter (IMongoClient has to be registered at the DI-container before)

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddMvc();

    _client = new MongoClient( _configuration.GetSection("MongoDb:ConnectionString").Value);
    
    services.AddSingleton<IMongoClient>(_client);
                
    services.AddMigration();
}

1.2 Add MongoMigration with the StartupFilter add connection setting to use separate client

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddMvc();
                
    services.AddMigration(new MongoMigrationSettings
    {
        ConnectionString = _configuration.GetSection("MongoDb:ConnectionString").Value,
        Database = _configuration.GetSection("MongoDb:Database").Value, 
        VersionFieldName = "TestVersionName" // Optional
    });
}
  1. Implement IDocument or add Document to your entities to provide the DocumentVersion. (Optional) Add the RuntimeVersion attribute to mark the current version of the document. So you have the possibility to downgrade in case of a rollback.
[RuntimeVersion("0.0.1")]
public class Car : IDocument
{
    public ObjectId Id { get; set; }

    public string Type { get; set; }

    public int Doors { get; set; }

    public DocumentVersion Version { get; set; }
}
  1. Create a migration by extending the abstract class DocumentMigration<TDocument>. Best practice for the version is to use Semantic Versioning but ultimately it is up to you. You could simply use the patch version to count the number of migrations. If there is a duplicate for a specific type an exception is thrown on initialization.
public class M001_RenameDorsToDoors : DocumentMigration<Car>
{
    public M001_RenameDorsToDoors()
        : base("0.0.1")
    {
    }

    public override void Up(BsonDocument document)
    {
        var doors = document["Dors"].ToInt32();
        document.Add("Doors", doors);
        document.Remove("Dors");
    }

    public override void Down(BsonDocument document)
    {
        var doors = document["Doors"].ToInt32();
        document.Add("Dors", doors);
        document.Remove("Doors");
    }
}
  1. (Optional) If you choose to put your migrations into an extra project, add the suffix ".MongoMigrations" to the name and make sure it is referenced in the main project. By convention Mongo.Migration collects all .dlls named like that in your bin folder.

Compile, run and enjoy!

How to use document migration

With version 3.0.0 of Mongo.Migration I added the possibility to run migrations on StartUp. In order to keep the core of Mongo.Migration in focus, it is still possible to run migrations at runtime (on-the-fly). In addition, there is now the option of executing migrations at the start of the application.

Document migration at runtime

See Quick Start

Document migration on startup

If you want to run migrations on StartUp, the only thing you have to do is add the attribute CollectionLocation. Now all migrations you add for a IDocument will be executed at StartUp.

    [CollectionLocation("Car", "TestCars")]
    public class Car : IDocument
    {
        public ObjectId Id { get; set; }

        public string Type { get; set; }

        public int Doors { get; set; }

        public DocumentVersion Version { get; set; }
    }

Additionally you can fix the version of the document with StartUpVersion

    [StartUpVersion("0.1.1")]
    [CollectionLocation("Car", "TestCars")]
    public class Car : IDocument
    {
        public ObjectId Id { get; set; }

        public string Type { get; set; }

        public int Doors { get; set; }

        public DocumentVersion Version { get; set; }
    }

**PLEASE NOTE** Mongo.Migration uses the IStartUpFilter for .net core. Maybe you want to read this article, to check if there is a better option to migrate with Mongo.Migration at StartUp.

Document migration on startup and at runtime

This is an example how you can use both. At startup the version will be 0.0.1 and at runtime, when a document will be deserialized the version will be migrated to 0.1.1

    [RuntimeVersion("0.1.1")]
    [StartUpVersion("0.0.1")]
    [CollectionLocation("Car", "TestCars")]
    public class Car : IDocument
    {
        public ObjectId Id { get; set; }

        public string Type { get; set; }

        public int Doors { get; set; }

        public DocumentVersion Version { get; set; }
    }

Annotations

RuntimeVersion

Add RuntimeVersion attribute to mark the current version of the document. So you have the possibility to downgrade in case of a rollback. If you do not set the RuntimeVersion, all migrations will be applied.

[RuntimeVersion("0.0.1")]   
public class Car : IDocument
...

CollectionLocation

Add CollectionLocation attribute if you want to migrate your collections at startup. This attribute tells Mongo.Migration where to find your Collections.

[CollectionLocation("Car", "TestCars")]
public class Car : IDocument
...   

StartUpVersion

Add StartUpVersion attribute to set the version you want to migrate to at startup. This attribute limits the migrations to be performed on startup

[StartUpVersion("0.0.1")]
public class Car : IDocument
...

Database migrations quick start

.Net Framework

  1. Initialize MongoMigration behind the MongoClient. (Mongo2Go)
// Init MongoDB
var runner = MongoDbRunner.Start(); // Mongo2Go
var client = new MongoClient(runner.ConnectionString);

// Init MongoMigration
 MongoMigrationClient.Initialize(
                client,
                new MongoMigrationSettings()
                {
                    ConnectionString = runner.ConnectionString,
                    Database = "TestCars"
                },
                new LightInjectAdapter(new LightInject.ServiceContainer()))

.Net Core

1.1 Add MongoMigration with the StartupFilter (IMongoClient has to be registered at the DI-container before)

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddMvc();

    _client = new MongoClient( _configuration.GetSection("MongoDb:ConnectionString").Value);
    
    services.AddSingleton<IMongoClient>(_client);
                
    services.AddMigration(new MongoMigrationSettings()
                         {
                             ConnectionString = runner.ConnectionString,
                             Database = "TestCars"
                         });
}

1.2 Add MongoMigration with the StartupFilter add connection setting to use separate client

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
    services.AddMvc();
                
    services.AddMigration(new MongoMigrationSettings
    {
        ConnectionString = _configuration.GetSection("MongoDb:ConnectionString").Value,
        Database = _configuration.GetSection("MongoDb:Database").Value, 
        DatabaseMigrationVersion = new DocumentVersion(2,0,0) // Optional
    });
}
  1. Create a migration by extending the abstract class DatabaseMigration. Best practice for the version is to use Semantic Versioning but ultimately it is up to you. You could simply use the patch version to count the number of migrations. All database migrations you add for a database will be executed at StartUp.
    public class M100_AddNewCar : DatabaseMigration
    {
        public M100_AddNewCar()
            : base("1.0.0")
        {
        }

        public override void Up(IMongoDatabase db)
        {
            var collection = db.GetCollection<Car>("Car");
            collection.InsertOne(new Car
            {
                Doors = 123,
                Type = "AddedInMigration"
            });
        }

        public override void Down(IMongoDatabase db)
        {
            var collection = db.GetCollection<Car>("Car");
            collection.DeleteOne(Builders<Car>.Filter.Eq(c => c.Type, "AddedInMigration"));
        }
    }

Annotations

CollectionLocation

CollectionLocation attribute if you not specify database in MongoMigrationSettings then database from attribure will be use at startup.

Setup current database version

Database will downgrade to current version using database migrations

new MongoMigrationSettings()
{
    ...
    DatabaseMigrationVersion = new DocumentVersion(2,0,0)
}

Dependency injection

With the latest update (3.0.94) I added a requested feature to Mongo.Migration. Migration can be injected with dependencies from now on.

.NetCore

It is pitty simple with .NetCore. Mongo.Migration uses the IServiceProvider to resolve all used dependencies. So you have access to all registered dependencies.

.Net Framework

When you initialize Mongo.Migration you can now add a IContainerAdapter. At the moment following Containers can be used out of the box:

  • LightInject
  • .NetCore ServiceProvider
  • ... more planned in the future.

If you use an other Container, you have to implement the interface yourself. As an example, see LightInjectAdapter.

When that is done, you can pass the Adapter as a parameter to initialize Mongo.Migration.

    // Your Container
    var conatiner = ServiceContainer()
    ontainer.Register<IYourDependency, YourDependency>();

    // Init MongoDB
    var runner = MongoDbRunner.Start(); // Mongo2Go
    var client = new MongoClient(runner.ConnectionString);

    // Your Adapter implementation to abstract the container
    var adapter = new LightInjectAdapter(container)

    // Init MongoMigration
    MongoMigrationClient.Initialize(client, adapter);
    public class M001_RenameDorsToDoors : DocumentMigration<Car>
    {
        private readonly IYourDependency _service;

        public M001_RenameDorsToDoors(IYourDependency service)
            : base("0.0.1")
        {
            _service = service;
        }

    ...

Document migrations demo

Inside of the repository you can find a Mongo.Migration.Demo which is a simple demo to show how to use Mongo.Migration.

  1. Compile and run the demo application.
  2. Now you should see the following output in the console.
	Migrate from:
	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd859"), "Dors" : 3, "Type" : "Cabrio", "UnnecessaryField" : "" }

	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd85a"), "Dors" : 5, "Type" : "Combi", "UnnecessaryField" : "" }

	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd85b"), "Doors" : 3, "Type" : "Truck", "UnnecessaryField" : "", "Version" : "0.0.1" }

	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd85c"), "Doors" : 5, "Type" : "Van", "Version" : "0.1.1" }

	To:
	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd859"), "Type" : "Cabrio", "Doors" : 3, "Version" : "0.1.1" }

	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd85a"), "Type" : "Combi", "Doors" : 5, "Version" : "0.1.1" }

	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd85b"), "Type" : "Truck", "Doors" : 3, "Version" : "0.1.1" }

	{ "_id" : ObjectId("59624d5beb5bb330386cd85c"), "Type" : "Van", "Doors" : 5, "Version" : "0.1.1" }

	New Car was created with version: 0.1.1

	Press any Key to exit...
  1. (Optional) Run Mongo.Migration.Demo.Performance.Console

Database migrations demo

Inside of the repository you can find a Mongo.Migration.Database.Demo which is a simple demo to show how to use database Mongo.Migration.

  1. Compile and run the demo application.
  2. Now you should see the following output in the console.
Apply database migrations:


{ "_id" : ObjectId("5ead80b68f9c4c402c35ebb9"), "MigrationId" : "Mongo.Migration.Database.Demo.Migrations.M100_AddNewCar", "Version" : "1.0.0" }

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5ead80b68f9c4c402c35ebba"), "MigrationId" : "Mongo.Migration.Database.Demo.Migrations.M200_UpdateNewCar", "Version" : "2.0.0" }

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5ead80b78f9c4c402c35ebbb"), "MigrationId" : "Mongo.Migration.Database.Demo.Migrations.M300_AddSparePartsCollection", "Version" : "3.0.0" }

New Car was added and updated in database migrations:
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5ead80b68f9c4c402c35ebb8"), "Type" : "AddedInMigration", "Doors" : 222 }

New collection was added in database:
SparePart



Press any Key to exit...

Suggestions

Deploy the migrations in a separate artifact. Otherwise you lose the ability to downgrade in case of a rollback.

Performance

The performance is measured on every push to the repository with a small performance-test. It measures the time MongoDB needs to insert and read n documents (5000) with and without Mongo.Migration. The difference is asserted and should be not higher than a given tolerance (150ms).

Example output of the automated test:

MongoDB: 73ms, Mongo.Migration: 168ms, Diff: 95ms (Tolerance: 150ms), Documents: 5000, Migrations per Document: 2

MongoDB: 88ms, Mongo.Migration: 109ms, Diff: 21ms (Tolerance: 70ms), Documents: 1500, Migrations per Document: 2

MongoDB: 62ms, Mongo.Migration: 63ms, Diff: 1ms (Tolerance: 40ms), Documents: 100, Migrations per Document: 2

MongoDB: 48ms, Mongo.Migration: 50ms, Diff: 2ms (Tolerance: 10ms), Documents: 10, Migrations per Document: 2

After bigger changes the code is analyzed with profiling tools to check for performance or memory problems.

Next Feature/Todo

1. Intercept updates, aggregation pipeline and projections.

Copyright

Copyright © 2018 Sean Roddis

License

Mongo.Migration is licensed under MIT. Refer to license.txt for more information.


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