Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source
Sponsorship

3d-tiles-renderer

npm version travis build lgtm code quality

Three.js renderer implementation for the 3D Tiles format. The renderer supports most of the 3D Tiles spec features with a few exceptions. See Issue #15 for information on which features are not yet implemented.

Examples

Kitchen sink example with all options here!

Custom material example here!

Rendering shadows from offscreen tiles example here!

Use

Installation

npm install 3d-tiles-renderer --save

Basic TilesRenderer

Setting up a basic application a 3D Tileset.

import { TilesRenderer } from '3d-tiles-renderer';

// ... initialize three scene ...

const tilesRenderer = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset.json' );
tilesRenderer.setCamera( camera );
tilesRenderer.setResolutionFromRenderer( camera, renderer );
scene.add( tilesRenderer.group );

renderLoop();

function renderLoop() {

	requestAnimationFrame( renderLoop );

	// The camera matrix is expected to be up to date
	// before calling tilesRenderer.update
	camera.updateMatrixWorld();
	tilesRenderer.update();
	renderer.render( camera, scene );

}

Custom Material

Setting up a 3D Tileset using a custom material.

const tilesRenderer = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset.json' );
tilesRenderer.setCamera( camera );
tilesRenderer.setResolutionFromRenderer( camera, renderer );
tilesRenderer.onLoadModel = function ( scene ) {

	// create a custom material for the tile
	scene.traverse( c => {

		if ( c.material ) {

			c.originalMaterial = c.material;
			c.material = new MeshBasicMaterial();

		}

	} );

};

tilesRenderer.onDisposeModel = function ( scene ) {

	// dispose of any manually created materials
	scene.traverse( c => {

		if ( c.material ) {

			c.material.dispose();

		}

	} );

};
scene.add( tilesRenderer.group );

Multiple TilesRenderers with Shared Caches and Queues

Using multiple tiles renderers that share LRUCache and PriorityQueue instances to cut down on memory and correctly prioritize downloads.

// create multiple tiles renderers
const tilesRenderer = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset.json' );
tilesRenderer.setCamera( camera );
tilesRenderer.setResolutionFromRenderer( camera, renderer );

const tilesRenderer2 = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset2.json' );
tilesRenderer2.setCamera( camera );
tilesRenderer2.setResolutionFromRenderer( camera, renderer );

// set the second renderer to share the cache and queus from the frist
tilesRenderer2.lruCache = tilesRenderer.lruCache;
tilesRenderer2.downloadQueue = tilesRenderer.downloadQueue;
tilesRenderer2.parseQueue = tilesRenderer.parseQueue;

// add them to the scene
scene.add( tilesRenderer.group );
scene.add( tilesRenderer2.group );

Adding DRACO Decompression Support

Adding support for DRACO decompression within the GLTF files that are transported in B3DM and I3DM formats. The same approach can be used to add support for KTX2 and DDS textures.

const tilesRenderer = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset.json' );
tilesRenderer.manager.addHandler( /\.gltf$/, {

	parse( ...args ) {

		// Note the DRACO compression files need to be supplied via an explicit source.
		// We use unpkg here but in practice should be provided by the application.
		const dracoLoader = new DRACOLoader();
		dracoLoader.setDecoderPath( 'https://unpkg.com/[email protected]/examples/js/libs/draco/gltf/' );

		const loader = new GLTFLoader( tiles.manager );
		loader.setDRACOLoader( dracoLoader );
		return loader.parse( ...args );

	}

} );

Render On Change

The tile set and model load callbacks can be used to detect when the data has changed and a new render is necessary.

let needsRerender = true;
const tilesRenderer = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset.json' );
tilesRenderer.onLoadTileSet = () => needsRerender = true;
tilesRenderer.onLoadModel = () => needsRerender = true;

function renderLoop() {

	requestAnimationFrame( renderLoop );
	if ( needsRerender ) {
	
		needsRerender = false;
		camera.updateMatrixWorld();
		tilesRenderer.update();
		renderer.render( camera, scene );
	
	}

}
renderLoop();

Read Batch Id and Batch Table Data

How to find the batch id and batch table associated with a mesh and read the data.

const tilesRenderer = new TilesRenderer( './path/to/tileset.json' );

// ...checking intersections...

const intersects = raycaster.intersectObject( scene, true );
if ( intersects.length ) {

	const { face, object } = intersects[ 0 ];
	const batchidAttr = object.geometry.getAttribute( '_batchid' );

	if ( batchidAttr ) {

		// Traverse the parents to find the batch table.
		let batchTableObject = object;
		while ( ! batchTableObject.batchTable ) {

			batchTableObject = batchTableObject.parent;

		}

		// Log the batch data
		const batchTable = batchTableObject.batchTable;
		const hoveredBatchid = batchidAttr.getX( face.a );
		const batchData = batchTable.getData( 'BatchTableKey' );
		if ( batchData ) {

			console.log( batchData[ hoveredBatchid ] );

		}

	}
	
}

API

TilesRenderer

extends TilesRendererBase, which can be used to implement a 3d tiles renderer in other engines

.errorTarget

errorTarget = 6 : Number

The target screenspace error in pixels to target when updating the geometry. Tiles will not render if they have below this level of screenspace error.

.errorThreshold

errorThreshold = Infinity : Number

Value used to compute the threshold errorTarget * errorThreshold above which tiles will not render. This is used to enable traversal to skip loading and rendering parent tiles far from the cameras current screenspace error requirement.

If errorThreshold is set to Infinity then all parent tiles will be loaded and rendered. If it's set to 0 then no parent tiles will render and only the tiles that are being rendered will be loaded.

.maxDepth

maxDepth = Infinity : Number

The max depth to which tiles will be loaded and rendered. Setting it to 1 will only render the root tile. If the tile at depth maxDepth is an empty tile then the next set of visible children will be rendered.

.loadSiblings

loadSiblings = true : Boolean

If true then all sibling tiles will be loaded, as well, to ensure coherence when moving the camera. If false then only currently viewed tiles will be loaded.

.displayActiveTiles

displayActiveTiles = false : Boolean

"Active tiles" are those that are loaded and available but not necessarily visible. If loadSiblings is true then the tiles loaded up to the extents of the tileset will be considered active even outside the camera view. These tiles are useful for raycasting off camera or for casting shadows.

Active tiles not currently visible in a camera frustum are removed from the scene as an optimization. Setting displayActiveTiles to true will keep them in the scene to be rendered from an outside camera view not accounted for by the tiles renderer.

.autoDisableRendererCulling

autoDisableRendererCulling = true : Boolean

If true then all tile meshes automatically have their frustumCulled field set to false. This is useful particularly when using one camera because the tiles renderer automatically performs it's own frustum culling on visible tiles. If displayActiveTiles is true or multiple cameras are being used then you may consider setting this to false.

.lruCache

lruCache = new LRUCache() : LRUCache

NOTE: This cannot be set once update is called for the first time.

.downloadQueue

downloadQueue = new PriorityQueue : PriorityQueue

NOTE: This cannot be set once update is called for the first time.

.parseQueue

parseQueue = new PriorityQueue : PriorityQueue

NOTE: This cannot be modified once update is called for the first time.

.group

group : Group

The container group for the 3d tiles. Add this to the three.js scene in order to render it.

When raycasting a higher performance traversal approach is used if raycaster.firstHitOnly = true. If true then only the first hit of the terrain is reported in the tileset.

.manager

manager : LoadingManager

The manager used when loading tile geometry.

.constructor

constructor( url : String )

Takes the url of the tileset.json for the tileset to be rendered.

.update

update() : void

Updates the tiles to render and kicks off loads for the appropriate tiles in the 3d tile set.

Both group.matrixWorld and all cameras world matrices are expected to be up to date before this is called.

.getBounds

getBounds( box : Box3 ) : boolean

Sets box to the root bounding box of the tileset in the group frame. Returns false if the tile root was not loaded.

.hasCamera

hasCamera( camera : Camera ) : boolean

Returns true if the camera has already been set on the renderer.

.setCamera

setCamera( camera : Camera ) : boolean

Adds the camera to the camera to be accounted for when traversing the tileset. Returns false if the camera is already being tracked. Returns true otherwise.

.deleteCamera

deleteCamera( camera : Camera ) : boolean

Removes the given camera from being accounted for when traversing the tileset. Returns false if the camera was not tracked.

.setResolution

setResolution( camera : Camera, resolution : Vector2 ) : boolean
setResolution( camera : Camera, x : number, y : number ) : boolean

Sets the resolution being rendered to for the given camera. Returns false if the camera is not being tracked.

.setResolutionFromRenderer

setResolutionFromRenderer( camera : Camera, renderer : WebGLRenderer ) : boolean

Sets the resolution being rendered to for the given camera via renderer which accounts for canvas size and current pixel ratio. Returns false if the camera is not being tracked.

.forEachLoadedModel

forEachLoadedModel( callback : ( scene : Object3D, tile : object ) => void ) : void

Fires the callback for every loaded scene in the hierarchy with the associatd tile as the second argument. This can be used to update the materials of all loaded meshes in the tile set.

.onLoadTileSet

onLoadTileSet = null : ( tileSet : Object ) => void

Callback that is called whenever a tileset is loaded.

.onLoadModel

onLoadModel = null : ( scene : Object3D, tile : object ) => void

Callback that is called every time a model is loaded. This can be used in conjunction with .forEachLoadedModel to set the material of all load and still yet to load meshes in the tile set.

.onDisposeModel

onDisposeModel = null : ( scene : Object3D, tile : object ) => void

Callback that is called every time a model is disposed of. This should be used in conjunction with .onLoadModel to dispose of any custom materials created for a tile. Note that the textures, materials, and geometries that a tile loaded in with are all automatically disposed of even if they have been removed from the tile meshes.

.dispose

dispose() : void

Disposes of all the tiles in the renderer. Calls dispose on all materials, textures, and geometries that were loaded by the renderer and subsequently calls onDisposeModel for any loaded tile model.

DebugTilesRenderer

extends TilesRenderer

Special variant of TilesRenderer that includes helpers for debugging and visualizing the various tiles in the tileset. Material overrides will not work as expected with this renderer.

.colorMode

colorMode = NONE : ColorMode

Which color mode to use when rendering the tileset. The following exported enumerations can be used:

// No special color mode. Uses the default materials.
NONE

// Render the screenspace error from black to white with errorTarget
// being the maximum value.
SCREEN_ERROR

// Render the geometric error from black to white with maxDebugError
// being the maximum value.
GEOMETRIC_ERROR

// Render the distance from the camera to the tile as black to white
// with maxDebugDistance being the maximum value.
DISTANCE

// Render the depth of the tile relative to the root as black to white
// with maxDebugDepth being the maximum value.
DEPTH

// Render the depth of the tile relative to the nearest rendered parent
// as black to white with maxDebugDepth being the maximum value.
RELATIVE_DEPTH

// Render leaf nodes as white and parent nodes as black.
IS_LEAF

// Render the tiles with a random color to show tile edges clearly.
RANDOM_COLOR

.displayBoxBounds

displayBoxBounds = false : Boolean

Display wireframe bounding boxes from the tiles boundingVolume.box for every visible tile.

.displaySphereBounds

displaySphereBounds = false : Boolean

Display wireframe bounding boxes from the tiles boundingVolume.sphere (or derived from the bounding box) for every visible tile.

.maxDebugDepth

maxDebugDepth = - 1 : Number

The depth value that represents white when rendering with DEPTH or RELATIVE_DEPTH colorMode. If maxDebugDepth is -1 then the maximum depth of the tileset is used.

.maxDebugError

maxDebugError = - 1 : Number

The error value that represents white when rendering with GEOMETRIC_ERROR colorMode. If maxDebugError is -1 then the maximum geometric error in the tileset is used.

.maxDebugDistance

maxDebugDistance = - 1 : Number

The distance value that represents white when rendering with DISTANCE colorMode. If maxDebugDistance is -1 then the radius of the tileset is used.

PriorityQueue

Piority-sorted queue to prioritize file downloads and parsing.

.maxJobs

maxJobs = 6 : number

The maximum number of jobs to be processing at once.

.unloadPriorityCallback

unloadPriorityCallback = null : ( item ) => Number

Function to derive the unload priority of the given item. Higher priority values get unloaded first.

LRUCache

Utility class for the TilesRenderer to keep track of currently used items so rendered items will not be unloaded.

.maxSize

maxSize = 800 : number

The maximum cached size. If that current amount of cached items is equal to this value then no more items can be cached.

.minSize

minSize = 600 : number

The minimum cache size. Above this cached data will be unloaded if it's unused.

.unloadPercent

unloadPercent = 0.05 : number

The maximum percentage of minSize to unload during a given frame.

.priorityCallback

priorityCallback = null : ( item ) => Number

Function to derive the job priority of the given item. Higher priority values get processed first.

BatchTable

.getKeys

getKeys() : Array<String>

Returns the keys of all the data in the batch table.

getData

getData(
	key : String,
	defaultComponentType = null : String|null,
	defaultType = null : String|null,
) : Array|TypedArray|null

Returns the data associated with the key passed into the function. If the component and type are specified in the batch table contents then those values are used otherwise the values in defaultComponentType and defaultType are used. Returns null if the key is not in the table.

defaultComponentType can be set to BYTE, UNSIGNED_BYTE, SHORT, UNSIGNED_SHORT, INT, UNSIGNED_INT, FLOAT, or DOUBLE. defaultType can be set to SCALAR, VEC2, VEC3, or VEC4.

LICENSE

The software is available under the Apache V2.0 license.

Copyright © 2020 California Institute of Technology. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. United States Government Sponsorship Acknowledged. Neither the name of Caltech nor its operating division, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.


Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Topics
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.
javascript (66,106
graphics (387
threejs (201
rendering (151
geometry (96
gltf (56
terrain (42
cesium (27

Find Open Source By Browsing 7,000 Topics Across 59 Categories