A JavaScript library for doing geometry.
In vanilla, a geometric
global is exported. You can use the latest version from unpkg.
<script src="https://unpkg.com/[email protected]/build/geometric.js"></script>
<script src="https://unpkg.com/[email protected]/build/geometric.min.js"></script>
If you'd rather host it yourself, download the latest release from the build
directory.
npm i geometric -S
const geometric = require("geometric");
Geometric.js uses the geometric primitives points, lines, and polygons.
You will also encounter angles, areas, distances, and lengths.
# geometric.pointRotate(point, angle[, origin]) · Source, Example
Returns the coordinates resulting from rotating a point about an origin by an angle in degrees. If origin is not specified, the origin defaults to [0, 0].
# geometric.pointTranslate(point, angle, distance) · Source, Example
Returns the coordinates resulting from translating a point by an angle in degrees and a distance.
# geometric.lineAngle(line) · Source, Example
Returns the angle of a line, in degrees, with respect to the horizontal axis.
# geometric.lineInterpolate(line) · Source, Example
Returns an interpolator function given a line [a, b]. The returned interpolator function takes a single argument t, where t is a number ranging from 0 to 1; a value of 0 returns a, while a value of 1 returns b. Intermediate values interpolate from a to b along the line segment.
# geometric.lineLength(line) · Source, Example
Returns the length of a line.
# geometric.lineMidpoint(line) · Source, Example
Returns the midpoint of a line.
# geometric.polygonArea(polygon[, signed]) · Source, Example
Returns the area of a polygon. You can pass a boolean indicating whether the returned area is signed, which defaults to false.
# geometric.polygonBounds(polygon) · Source, Example
Returns the bounds of a polygon, ignoring points with invalid values (null, undefined, NaN, Infinity). The returned bounds are represented as an array of two points, where the first point is the top-left corner and the second point is the bottom-right corner. For example:
const rectangle = [[0, 0], [0, 1], [1, 1], [1, 0]];
const bounds = geometric.polygonBounds(rectangle); // [[0, 0], [1, 1]]
Returns null if the polygon has fewer than three points.
# geometric.polygonCentroid(polygon) · Source, Example
Returns the weighted centroid of a polygon. Not to be confused with a mean center.
# geometric.polygonHull(points) · Source, Example
Returns the convex hull, represented as a polygon, for an array of points. Returns null if the input array has fewer than three points. Uses Andrew’s monotone chain algorithm.
# geometric.polygonLength(polygon) · Source, Example
Returns the length of a polygon's perimeter.
# geometric.polygonMean(polygon) · Source, Example
Returns the arithmetic mean of the vertices of a polygon. Keeps duplicate vertices, resulting in different values for open and closed polygons. Not to be confused with a centroid.
# geometric.polygonRegular([sides[, area[, center]]]) · Source, Example
Returns the vertices of a regular polygon of the specified number of sides, area, and center coordinates. If sides is not specified, defaults to 3. If area is not specified, defaults to 100. If center is not specified, defaults to [0, 0].
# geometric.polygonRotate(polygon, angle[, origin]) · Source, Example
Returns the vertices resulting from rotating a polygon about an origin by an angle in degrees. If origin is not specified, the origin defaults to [0, 0].
# geometric.polygonScale(polygon, scaleFactor[, origin]) · Source, Example
Returns the vertices resulting from scaling a polygon by a scaleFactor (where 1 is the polygon's current size) from an origin point. If origin is not specified, the origin defaults to the polygon's centroid.
# geometric.polygonScaleX(polygon, scaleFactor[, origin]) · Source, Example
Returns the vertices resulting from scaling the horizontal coordinates of a polygon by a scaleFactor (where 1 is the polygon's current size) from an origin point. The vertical coordinates remain unchanged. If origin is not specified, the origin defaults to the polygon's centroid.
# geometric.polygonScaleY(polygon, scaleFactor[, origin]) · Source, Example
Returns the vertices resulting from scaling the vertical coordinates of a polygon by a scaleFactor (where 1 is the polygon's current size) from an origin point. The horizontal coordinates remain unchanged. If origin is not specified, the origin defaults to the polygon's centroid.
# geometric.polygonTranslate(polygon, angle, distance) · Source, Example
Returns the vertices resulting from translating a polygon by an angle in degrees and a distance.
# geometric.lineIntersectsLine(lineA, lineB) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether lineA intersects lineB.
# geometric.lineIntersectsPolygon(line, polygon) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a line intersects a polygon.
# geometric.pointInPolygon(point, polygon) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a point is inside of a polygon. Uses ray casting.
# geometric.pointOnPolygon(point, polygon[, epsilon]) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a point is located on one of the edges of a polygon. An optional epsilon number, such as 1e-6, can be passed to reduce the precision with which the relationship is measured.
# geometric.pointOnLine(point, line[, epsilon]) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a point is collinear with a line and is also located on the line segment. An optional epsilon number, such as 1e-6, can be passed to reduce the precision with which the relationship is measured. See also pointWithLine.
# geometric.pointWithLine(point, line[, epsilon]) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a point is collinear with a line. An optional epsilon number, such as 1e-6, can be passed to reduce the precision with which the relationship is measured. See also pointOnLine.
# geometric.pointLeftofLine(point, line) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a point is to the left of a line.
# geometric.pointRightofLine(point, line) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether a point is to the right of a line.
# geometric.polygonInPolygon(polygonA, polygonB) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether polygonA is contained by polygonB.
# geometric.polygonIntersectsPolygon(polygonA, polygonB) · Source, Example
Returns a boolean representing whether polygonA intersects but is not contained by polygonB.
# geometric.angleReflect(incidence, surface) · Source, Example
Returns the angle of reflection given a starting angle, also known as the angle of incidence, and the angle of the surface off of which it is reflected.
# geometric.angleToDegrees(angle) · Source
Returns the result of a converting an angle in radians to the same angle in degrees.
# geometric.angleToRadians(angle) · Source
Returns the result of a converting an angle in degrees to the same angle in radians.