Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

SnorkTracker

GPS IoT tracker board for scanning gps and environment information and sending them to an MQTT server via GPRS. SnorkTracker Schema

IoBroker map of the collected SnorkTracker sample.
(see https://awesomeopensource.com/project/Bastelschlumpf/SnorkView)
SnorkTracker View

The hardware
SnorkTracker

The housing
SnorkTracker

The web-interface
Web interface

Description

The goal of this board is to have an easy-to-use, configurable GPS tracker that passes its data to an MQTT server. It should also be able to scan other environmental data and operate on a 12V power supply with low power consumption over a long period of time.

The main components of the systems are:

  • A 'Wemos D1 mini lite' to run the software.
  • A BK-808 v2 (SIM808) GPS/GPRS module to communicate with an MQTT server and to send/receive SMS.
  • A BME280 module to scan environmental data.
  • An LM2596 DC-DC converter to supply the GPS/GPRS board.
  • An MCP1703 for the 3.3V Wemos power supply.

To interact with the board it has an easy-to-use browser interface to show the scanned values, configure the system or to debug at runtime via console. It can connect to an existing WiFi or function as an access point.

The board has a voltage divider to measure the power supply voltage and a BME280 sensor to read temperature, humidity and air pressure.

The module operates with a supply voltage of approx. 6V to 16V. Perfect for a car battery.

For power saving the supply voltage can be used to decide if the battery is charging or not and so the system can be configured to go into deep sleep mode which uses only ~0.3mA.

With the GSM chip, the system can receive SMS commands to set default values or send current information such as GPS or temperature.

The system estimates the current power consumption in mAh in energy saving mode and when the sim module is on.

You can also use the software on a esp8266 chip like the wemos d1 for having a serial console over HTTP if you connect to the D5 and D6 pin.

Disclaimer

I don't take any responsibility nor liability for using this software nor for the installation or any tips, advice, videos, etc. given by any member of this site or any related site.

License

This program is licensed under GPL-3.0

Source Code

The easiest way to understand what the program does is to navigate by the main source modules via the Arduino IDE or to explore the source code via DoxyGen generated documentation.
You can update the DoxyGen generated documentation by installing Doxygen (from http://www.doxygen.org) on your machine and run the DoxyGen generation batch Doxygen.bat from the main folder.

User manual of the web interface

Prerequisites

  • Arduino IDE
  • ESP8266 Board software
  • ESP8266 file-system up-loader
  • SnorkTracker software
  • Parts from the part-list
  • Micro-USB cable
  • Soldering iron kit
  • Multimeter
  • Electronics tools

Setup Arduino Environment

  • Download Arduino IDE from
    https://www.arduino.cc/en/Main/Software
    and follow the installation instructions.
  • Install ESP8266 board software
  • Install the ESP8266 file-system up-loader from
    https://awesomeopensource.com/project/esp8266/arduino-esp8266fs-plugin
    and follow the installation instructions.
  • Download SnorkTracker software by clone or download.
  • Copy the content of the snorktracker/libraries directory to the Arduino installation libraries directory. For example c:/Program Files (x86)/Arduino/libraries/
  • Configure Arduino IDE
    • From 'Tools | Boards' choose 'LOLIN(WEMOS) D1 mini Lite'
    • Change 'Tools | Flash Size' to '1M (64k SPIFFS)'
    • Change 'Tools | IwIP variant' to 'v2 Higher Bandwidth'

Circuit

Figure 2

Housing

Housing Prototype

Assemble the Components

  • Take the Breadboard and the other items from the part-list.
    Components
  • First of all unsolder the (ON/OFF) pin 5 from the DC-DC module, bend it up and solder a line to it. After that put 4 spacers under the DC-DC module and solder it to the breadboard. Check that the bottom of the LM2596 module is not in contact with the board. See
    DC-DC module
  • Place the other parts from the part-list on the breadboard and solder it as shown. Pay attention to the polarity of the capacitors! Split the header connector to the length that is needed and solder it. A header connector is needed because flashing of the Wemos module often does not work if it is still connected to the board. Check if the Wemos and SIM808 module has enough space and fits into the pins.
    Unplugged
  • Connect all the pins of the parts as seen on the circuit image with wires.
    Back
  • The final board could look like this
    Snorktracker board
  • Check all the wiring with a multimeter. Also against short-circuit.

Setup the LM2596 voltage and install the software

  • The first step we have to do is to set the right 5V for the SIM808 module.
    • For that unplug the Wemos and the SIM808 module.
    • Connect a 12 power supply to the screw connector. Make sure + and - are correct!
    • Switch on the LM2596 module by connecting the unsoldered pin 5 to ground.
    • Now, connect the multimeter to the output pins of the DC-DC module and screw on the module resistor until the multimeter shows exactly 5.0V on the two out-pins.
  • Check the pins on the female header connector for the right voltage.
    • Check the 3.3V on the corresponding WEMOS pin.
    • Check the 5.0V pin of the SIM808 module connector pin.
    • Check the 3.3V on the BME280 module. Be aware that the ground pin is connected to the Wemos module and still open.
  • Now its time to flash the software to the Wemos module.
    • Unplug the Wemos module (if plugged) and connect it with the USB cable to your computer. After connecting via usb you should be able to select the arduino port under 'Tools | Port | ...'.
    • Open the tracker.ino file in the tracker folder and check the Arduino environment settings.
    • Upload the SPIFFS files with the 'Tools | ESP8266 Sketch data upload' menu. The SPIFFS files (htmls, styles and javascripts) are taken from the data subdirectory.
    • After that go to the Config.h file of the project and enter the right configuration values.
    • Now we can flash the program to the Wemos chip by clicking 'Sketch | upload'
    • Unplug and plug again the Wemos module to the usb cable and start immediately the serial monitor of the Arduino IDE 'Tools | Serial monitor'.
    • If everything is correct you can see an access-point in the WiFi of your computer and you can connect to the browser interface by calling the ip in your browser. The software works in a captive way, so you can enter a dummy (not https) url and the system should redirect you to the web interface. For example http://dummy.com If this does not work find out the new ip via your WiFi router interface.
  • If the software works fine on the usb cable then you can plug the wemos into the board and connect a power supply. Check again the connectivity.

Function

  • The software in the Wemos module creates a web-server in station and/or in access-point mode.
  • The analog input of the wemos is connected to the middle of the two voltage divider resistors. So it can read the power supply voltage of the system (for example the car battery voltage).
  • The software can be configured to recognize a charging or discharging car battery to switch on or off the submodules. With my car this was:
    • 11.8 Volt if the car was switched off for more than a day.
    • 14.2 Volt if the engine is running.
    • 13.3 Volt after switching off the engine.
  • A BME280 sensor is connected to the 3.3V power and can be switched on by setting the D4 pin of the wemos chip to ground. This is done only from time to time to save energy.
  • There is an LM2596 DC-DC module on the board which can be switched on by a '-' signal to the pin 5 of the LM2596. Behind the DC-DC module there is a SIM808 module with GPS/GPRS/GSM functionality. So the Wemos can switch on/off the SIM808 chip to save energy.
  • The Wemos chip can communicate with the SIM808 module via RX and TX signal and AT commands.
  • Via the GPRS module it can send the scanned data to a MQTT server and can communicate via SMS to a phone.

Part-list

Label Part Type Properties
Breadboard Double sided PCB board 24 x 18 holes
Power connector Mount screw connector 2 pins
Header connector Female header connector 3 x 9 pins
wire colored breadboard wire i.e. 0.14 mm2
12V Plug Cigarette Lighter Power 12V To 5.5 x 2.1mm
Panel Jack Jack Socket Female 5.5 x 2.1mm
V1 VC Power 6V - 16V
WeMos D1 Mini lite WeMos D1 Mini lite ESP8295
BK-808v2 BK-808 v2 www.and-global.com
GPS Antenna Embedded GPS Antenna uFL connector
GSM Antenna Embedded GSM Antenna uFL connector
SIM card SIM card for sms/data with deposit
BME280 BME280 3.3V
LM1 LM2596 adjustable module
U2 Voltage Regulator 3.3V MCP1703T-3302E
C1 Electrolytic Capacitor 1uF (16V)
C2 Electrolytic Capacitor 1uF (16V)
C3 Ceramic Capacitor 100 nF (16V)
C4 Ceramic Capacitor 100 nF (16V)
R1 Resistor 680 kOhm
R2 Resistor 100 kOhm
R3 Resistor 4.7 kOhm

Shopping list

Here are some sample shopping items. Please check the details if everything is correct.

Label Price Sample URL
Breadboard set 13$ https://www.amazon.com/Paxcoo-Double-Prototype-Connector-Terminal/dp/B07C3TC68Z
wire 13$ https://www.amazon.com/StrivedayTM-Flexible-Silicone-electronic-electrics/dp/B01KQ2JN
12V Plug 2$ https://www.amazon.com/Zerone-Cigarette-Lighter-Supply-Adapter/dp/B07DWRVBLF/ref=sr_1_1
Panel Jack 2$ https://www.amazon.com/Abicial-5-5mm-Socket-Female-Connector/dp/B07J9WRC2Z/ref=sr_1_2
WeMos D1 Mini lite 10$ 2 pcs https://www.amazon.com/Aideepen-Development-ESP8285-V1-0-0-Internet/dp/B07BGW7QG
BK-808v2 22$ https://www.amazon.com/Breakout-Quad-band-GSMGPRS-Integrated-GPSBluetooth/dp/B0748DGCRN
GPS Antenna 9$ https://www.amazon.com/CIROCOMM-Antenna-Ceramic-25x25x2mm-Geekstory/dp/B078Y2WNY6
GSM Antenna 6$ http://www.amazon.com/CIROCOMM-Antenna-Ceramic-25x25x2mm-Geekstory/dp/B078Y2WNY6
BME280 10$ https://www.amazon.com/Breakout-Temperature-Humidity-Barometric-Pressure/dp/B01LETIESU
LM1 7$ 2pcs https://www.amazon.com/DZS-Elec-Adjustable-Electronic-Stabilizer/dp/B06XRN7NFQ
U2 1$ https://www.mouser.ch/ProductDetail/Microchip-Technology/MCP1703T-3302E-DB?qs=sGAEpiMZZMsGz1a6aV8DcJ7KfjtCj7XdHFS3qTrbY5w%3d
C1, C2 10$ set https://www.amazon.com/WINGONEER-Electrolytic-Capacitors-Assorted-Assortment/dp/B0734T3GJ9
C3, C4 13$ set https://www.amazon.com/Terrans-Monolithic-Multilayer-Capacitors-Non-Polarized/dp/B07B91SW4Y
R1, R2, R3 10$ set https://www.amazon.com/Resistor-Assortment-Kit-Thermistor-Photoresistor/dp/B0792M83JH

Some of the items are sets for further projects. You can also buy cheaper single items. The material price should be between 50$ and 100$.

Thanks


Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Topics
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.
C Plus Plus (369,829
Arduino (21,658
Iot (5,826
Mqtt (3,003
Esp8266 (2,932
Esp32 (2,753
Sms (1,371
Webserver (1,260
Tracker (925
Gps (915
Bme280 (153
Gprs (49
Wemos D1 (33
Sim808 (8
Related Projects