Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

Nitter

Test Matrix License

A free and open source alternative Twitter front-end focused on privacy and performance.
Inspired by the Invidious project.

  • No JavaScript or ads
  • All requests go through the backend, client never talks to Twitter
  • Prevents Twitter from tracking your IP or JavaScript fingerprint
  • Uses Twitter's unofficial API (no rate limits or developer account required)
  • Lightweight (for @nim_lang, 60KB vs 784KB from twitter.com)
  • RSS feeds
  • Themes
  • Mobile support (responsive design)
  • AGPLv3 licensed, no proprietary instances permitted

Liberapay: https://liberapay.com/zedeus
Patreon: https://patreon.com/nitter
BTC: bc1qp7q4qz0fgfvftm5hwz3vy284nue6jedt44kxya
ETH: 0x66d84bc3fd031b62857ad18c62f1ba072b011925
LTC: ltc1qhsz5nxw6jw9rdtw9qssjeq2h8hqk2f85rdgpkr
XMR: 42hKayRoEAw4D6G6t8mQHPJHQcXqofjFuVfavqKeNMNUZfeJLJAcNU19i1bGdDvcdN6romiSscWGWJCczFLe9RFhM3d1zpL

Roadmap

  • Embeds
  • Account system with timeline support
  • Archiving tweets/profiles
  • Developer API

Resources

The wiki contains a list of instances and browser extensions maintained by the community.

Why?

It's impossible to use Twitter without JavaScript enabled. For privacy-minded folks, preventing JavaScript analytics and IP-based tracking is important, but apart from using a VPN and uBlock/uMatrix, it's impossible. Despite being behind a VPN and using heavy-duty adblockers, you can get accurately tracked with your browser's fingerprint, no JavaScript required. This all became particularly important after Twitter removed the ability for users to control whether their data gets sent to advertisers.

Using an instance of Nitter (hosted on a VPS for example), you can browse Twitter without JavaScript while retaining your privacy. In addition to respecting your privacy, Nitter is on average around 15 times lighter than Twitter, and in most cases serves pages faster (eg. timelines load 2-4x faster).

In the future a simple account system will be added that lets you follow Twitter users, allowing you to have a clean chronological timeline without needing a Twitter account.

Screenshot

nitter

Installation

Dependencies

  • libpcre
  • libsass
  • redis

To compile Nitter you need a Nim installation, see nim-lang.org for details. It is possible to install it system-wide or in the user directory you create below.

To compile the scss files, you need to install libsass. On Ubuntu and Debian, you can use libsass-dev.

Redis is required for caching and in the future for account info. It should be available on most distros as redis or redis-server (Ubuntu/Debian). Running it with the default config is fine, Nitter's default config is set to use the default Redis port and localhost.

Here's how to create a nitter user, clone the repo, and build the project along with the scss and md files.

# useradd -m nitter
# su nitter
$ git clone https://github.com/zedeus/nitter
$ cd nitter
$ nimble build -d:release
$ nimble scss
$ nimble md
$ cp nitter.example.conf nitter.conf

Set your hostname, port, HMAC key, https (must be correct for cookies), and Redis info in nitter.conf. To run Redis, either run redis-server --daemonize yes, or systemctl enable --now redis (or redis-server depending on the distro). Run Nitter by executing ./nitter or using the systemd service below. You should run Nitter behind a reverse proxy such as Nginx or Apache for security and performance reasons.

Docker

NOTE: For ARM64/ARM support, please use unixfox's image, more info here

To run Nitter with Docker, you'll need to install and run Redis separately before you can run the container. See below for how to also run Redis using Docker.

To build and run Nitter in Docker:

docker build -t nitter:latest .
docker run -v $(pwd)/nitter.conf:/src/nitter.conf -d --network host nitter:latest

A prebuilt Docker image is provided as well:

docker run -v $(pwd)/nitter.conf:/src/nitter.conf -d --network host zedeus/nitter:latest

Using docker-compose to run both Nitter and Redis as different containers: Change redisHost from localhost to nitter-redis in nitter.conf, then run:

docker-compose up -d

Note the Docker commands expect a nitter.conf file in the directory you run them.

systemd

To run Nitter via systemd you can use this service file:

[Unit]
Description=Nitter (An alternative Twitter front-end)
After=syslog.target
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple

# set user and group
User=nitter
Group=nitter

# configure location
WorkingDirectory=/home/nitter/nitter
ExecStart=/home/nitter/nitter/nitter

Restart=always
RestartSec=15

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Then enable and run the service: systemctl enable --now nitter.service

Logging

Nitter currently prints some errors to stdout, and there is no real logging implemented. If you're running Nitter with systemd, you can check stdout like this: journalctl -u nitter.service (add --follow to see just the last 15 lines). If you're running the Docker image, you can do this: docker logs --follow *nitter container id*

Contact

Feel free to join our Matrix channel. You can email me at [email protected] if you wish to contact me personally.

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