Example Storefront

Example Storefront is Reaction Commerce’s headless ecommerce storefront - Next.js, GraphQL, React. Built using Apollo Client and the commerce-focused React UI components provided in the Storefront Component Library (reactioncommerce/reaction-component-library). It connects with Reaction backend with the GraphQL API.
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Example Storefront

Mailchimp Open Commerce is an API-first, headless commerce platform built using Node.js, React, and GraphQL. It plays nicely with npm, Docker and Kubernetes.

This Example Storefront is to serve as a reference on how to implement a web based storefront using the Reaction Commerce GraphQL API. You can fork this project as a jumping off point or create your own custom experience using your preferred client-side technology. While we believe our example storefront is full-featured enough to use in production, it may be missing features your shop requires at this time.


Mailchimp Open Commerce comes with a robust set of core commerce capabilities right out of the box. And since anything in our codebase can be extended, overwritten, or installed as a package, you may also customize anything on our platform.

This example storefront is built with Next.js, React, GraphQL, and Apollo Client

Getting Started

Follow the Quick Start Guide to install and run all the services necessary to run the storefront:

Directory: Service URL
reaction: GraphQL API localhost:3000/graphql
reaction-admin: Reaction Admin localhost:4080
reaction: MongoDB localhost:27017
example-storefront: Storefront localhost:4000

Note: The storefront has redirects so that if you open http://localhost:4000/graphql, you'll be redirected to the GraphQL Playground.


Set up Stripe

When running the storefront and Reaction for the first time, you will need to configure Stripe payment processing and shipping options to test a complete order checkout flow. After signing up for a Stripe API key, follow these steps:

  1. Add public Stripe API key (STRIPE_PUBLIC_API_KEY) to .env.
  2. Open the Reaction Admin app, at http://localhost:4080. Log in as an Admin user.
  3. Open Payments: Enable Stripe by checking the box. Add a Stripe secret key and public key.
  4. Open Shipping: Enable flat-rate shipping by checking the box. Enable at least one type of flat-rate shipping by clicking on the option in the table and checking the box.

Set up Analytics event tracking

Read the docs for setting up Segment or a custom analytics tracker



The Reaction Platform runs the storefront with Docker, so you will have to use Docker commands to view logs, run commands inside the container and more. To run commands specifically for the storefront, make sure to change directories into the example-storefront directory within the reaction-platform repository:

cd example-storefront

Build and run in development mode with logs

Create a symbolic link to use the development Docker image:

ln -s docker-compose.dev.yml docker-compose.override.yml

If running for the first time or environment variables in .env.example have changed execute the command below to update environment variables.


Start the storefront by executing:

docker-compose up -d && docker-compose logs -f

Run in development against a production API

Change the INTERNAL_GRAPHQL_URL in .env to the production API URL. The URL should end in /graphql, like: https://my-website.com/graphql. Save the .env file and restart the application with:

docker-compose run --rm --service-ports web yarn start

Run commands in container

docker-compose run --rm web [command]

Run any command inside a Docker container and then remove the container. Use this to run any tooling operations. Remember your project directory will be mounted and things will usually just work. See Yarn section below for more examples.

Run tests in container

Run tests locally

docker-compose run --rm web yarn test

Run tests locally without cache (this can be helpful if changes aren't showing up)

docker-compose run --rm web yarn test --no-cache

To run Snyk security tests (this will run tests in the same way as CI)

docker-compose run --rm web sh -c "cp package.json ../ && cp .snyk ../ && cd .. && snyk auth && snyk test"

To run ESLint

docker-compose run --rm web eslint src

Debugging the server with Chrome DevTools

You can use the Google Chrome DevTools to debug the code running in the Node.js application server while it's running inside Docker.

  • run docker-compose run --rm --publish 9229:9229 --publish 4000:4000 -e NODE_ENV=development web node --inspect= ./src/server.js
  • Open Chrome and browse to chrome://inspect. Find the process under Remote Target and click inspect.

Yarn Commands

Yarn & NPM should run inside the Docker container. We've taken steps to ensure that the node_modules are placed into a cacheable location. If you run Yarn locally, the node_modules are written directly to the project directory and take precedence over those from the Docker build. Yarn Add

docker-compose run --rm web yarn add --dev [package]

Yarn Install

Always rebuild the image and start a new container after modifying yarn.lock or Dockerfile!

docker-compose run --rm web yarn install
docker-compose down --rmi local
docker-compose up -d --build

Testing component library in the storefront

Sometimes we need to test the Example Storefront Component Library components in the context of the storefront. Unfortunately, there isn't an easy wasy to do this within our Docker containers, so we need to run the storefront outside of docker.

  1. cd to your local reaction-component-library repo.
  2. Git checkout the proper branch that you want to link
  3. cd into the package folder of this repo, and run the command yarn install followed by yarn build
  4. After the build is done, cd into the new dist folder it just built and run yarn link to allow the library to be installed into the storefront. This will link @reactioncommerce/components
  5. Inside the example-storefront repo, temporarily rename your .yarnrc file to anything else (i.e. .yarnrc-temp)
  6. Run yarn install and then the command yarn link "@reactioncommerce/components" to set the local version as an override of the published npm version
  7. Inside your .env file, change INTERNAL_GRAPHQL_URL to equal http://localhost:3000/graphql, the same as the EXTERNAL_GRAPHQL_URL
  8. Start the storefront locally by running the command export $(cat .env | xargs) && yarn dev
  9. Your storefront should now be running at localhost:4000
    • If you see errors about not being able to find peer dependency packages, that seems to be an issues with yarn linking. You can just temporarily yarn add each of those packages in the component library package/dist folder. (This folder is gitignored anyway.)
  10. After your changes are tested, shut down the storefront by running the command CTRL+C
  11. Run yarn unlink "@reactioncommerce/components" in the storefront repo folder
  12. cd to the package/dist folder of the reaction-component-library repo. Run the command yarn unlink to unlink the local version of the component library
  13. Undo the renaming of your .yarnrc file
  14. Undo the URL change inside your .env file

Clean up containers

Stop, and retain containers:

docker-compose stop

Stop, and remove containers:

docker-compose down

Stop, and remove containers, volumes and built images:

docker-compose down -v --rmi local

Build and run the production app locally

Sometimes it is helpful during development to make a production build of the app and run that locally.

Run this command to build a Docker image with the production build of the app in it:

docker build --network=host -t  reactioncommerce/example-storefront:X.X.X .

Where X.X.X indicates the tag version you want to use, i.e. 3.1.0

Then, to start the app on your machine, make sure the Reaction API container is already running and enter:

docker run -it --name storefront -p 4000:4000 --env-file .env.prod --network reaction.localhost reactioncommerce/example-storefront:X.X.X

NOTE: You can replace the number before the colon in 4000:4000 with a different localhost port you'd like the application to run at.

NOTE: This is not the way to run the app in actual production deployment. This is only for running the production build locally for development, demo or trial purposes.

To stop the Docker container after starting it with the above command, use:

docker stop reaction-storefront


Find a bug, a typo, or something thats not documented well? Wed love for you to open an issue telling us what we can improve! This project uses semantic-release, please use their commit message format..

Want to request a feature? Use our Reaction Feature Requests repository to file a request.

We love your pull requests! Check our our Good First Issue and Help Wanted tags for good issues to tackle.

Pull Request guidelines

Pull requests should pass all automated tests, style, and security checks.

Automated Tests

Your code should pass all acceptance tests and unit tests. Run

docker-compose run --rm web yarn test

to run the test suites locally. If you're adding functionality to Reaction, you should add tests for the added functionality. You can run the tests locally without cache if necessary by passing the --no-cache flag. This can be helpful if changes aren't showing up.

docker-compose run --rm web yarn test --no-cache

To update a failing snapshot (if you've made changes to a component)

docker-compose run --rm web yarn test -u


We require that all code contributed to Reaction follows Reaction's ESLint rules. You can run

docker-compose run --rm web eslint src

to run ESLint against your code locally.

Developer Certificate of Origin

We use the Developer Certificate of Origin (DCO) in lieu of a Contributor License Agreement for all contributions to Reaction Commerce open source projects. We request that contributors agree to the terms of the DCO and indicate that agreement by signing all commits made to Reaction Commerce projects by adding a line with your name and email address to every Git commit message contributed:

Signed-off-by: Jane Doe <[email protected]>

You can sign your commit automatically with Git by using git commit -s if you have your user.name and user.email set as part of your Git configuration.

We ask that you use your real name (please no anonymous contributions or pseudonyms). By signing your commit you are certifying that you have the right have the right to submit it under the open source license used by that particular Reaction Commerce project. You must use your real name (no pseudonyms or anonymous contributions are allowed.)

We use the Probot DCO GitHub app to check for DCO signoffs of every commit.

If you forget to sign your commits, the DCO bot will remind you and give you detailed instructions for how to amend your commits to add a signature.


Copyright 2019 Reaction Commerce

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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