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dirsearch

dirsearch - Web path discovery

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Current Release: v0.4.2 (2021.9.12)

An advanced command-line tool designed to brute force directories and files in webservers, AKA web path scanner

dirsearch is being actively developed by @maurosoria and @shelld3v

Table of Contents

Installation & Usage

Requirement: python 3.7 or higher

Choose one of these installation options:

  • Install with git: git clone https://github.com/maurosoria/dirsearch.git
  • Install with ZIP file: Download here
  • Install with Docker: docker build -t "dirsearch:v0.4.1" (more information)
  • Install with Kali Linux: sudo apt-get install dirsearch
  • Install with PyPi: pip3 install dirsearch

Note: To use SOCKS proxy feature, please install packages with requirements.txt: pip3 install -r requirements.txt

All in one:

git clone https://github.com/maurosoria/dirsearch.git
cd dirsearch
pip3 install -r requirements.txt
python3 dirsearch.py -u <URL> -e <EXTENSIONS>

Wordlists (IMPORTANT)

Summary:

  • Wordlist is a text file, each line is a path.
  • About extensions, unlike other tools, dirsearch only replaces the %EXT% keyword with extensions from -e flag.
  • For wordlists without %EXT% (like SecLists), -f | --force-extensions switch is required to append extensions to every word in wordlist, as well as the /.
  • To use multiple wordlists, you can separate your wordlists with commas. Example: wordlist1.txt,wordlist2.txt.

Examples:

  • Normal extensions
index.%EXT%

Passing asp and aspx extensions will generate the following dictionary:

index
index.asp
index.aspx
  • Force extensions
admin

Passing "php" and "html" extensions with -f/--force-extensions flag will generate the following dictionary:

admin
admin.php
admin.html
admin/

Options

Usage: dirsearch.py [-u|--url] target [-e|--extensions] extensions [options]

Options:
  --version             show program's version number and exit
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

  Mandatory:
    -u URL, --url=URL   Target URL
    -l FILE, --url-list=FILE
                        Target URL list file
    --stdin             Target URL list from STDIN
    --cidr=CIDR         Target CIDR
    --raw=FILE          Load raw HTTP request from file (use `--scheme` flag
                        to set the scheme)
    -e EXTENSIONS, --extensions=EXTENSIONS
                        Extension list separated by commas (Example: php,asp)
    -X EXTENSIONS, --exclude-extensions=EXTENSIONS
                        Exclude extension list separated by commas (Example:
                        asp,jsp)
    -f, --force-extensions
                        Add extensions to every wordlist entry. By default
                        dirsearch only replaces the %EXT% keyword with
                        extensions

  Dictionary Settings:
    -w WORDLIST, --wordlists=WORDLIST
                        Customize wordlists (separated by commas)
    --prefixes=PREFIXES
                        Add custom prefixes to all wordlist entries (separated
                        by commas)
    --suffixes=SUFFIXES
                        Add custom suffixes to all wordlist entries, ignore
                        directories (separated by commas)
    --only-selected     Remove paths have different extensions from selected
                        ones via `-e` (keep entries don't have extensions)
    --remove-extensions
                        Remove extensions in all paths (Example: admin.php ->
                        admin)
    -U, --uppercase     Uppercase wordlist
    -L, --lowercase     Lowercase wordlist
    -C, --capital       Capital wordlist

  General Settings:
    -t THREADS, --threads=THREADS
                        Number of threads
    -r, --recursive     Brute-force recursively
    --deep-recursive    Perform recursive scan on every directory depth
                        (Example: api/users -> api/)
    --force-recursive   Do recursive brute-force for every found path, not
                        only paths end with slash
    --recursion-depth=DEPTH
                        Maximum recursion depth
    --recursion-status=CODES
                        Valid status codes to perform recursive scan, support
                        ranges (separated by commas)
    --subdirs=SUBDIRS   Scan sub-directories of the given URL[s] (separated by
                        commas)
    --exclude-subdirs=SUBDIRS
                        Exclude the following subdirectories during recursive
                        scan (separated by commas)
    -i CODES, --include-status=CODES
                        Include status codes, separated by commas, support
                        ranges (Example: 200,300-399)
    -x CODES, --exclude-status=CODES
                        Exclude status codes, separated by commas, support
                        ranges (Example: 301,500-599)
    --exclude-sizes=SIZES
                        Exclude responses by sizes, separated by commas
                        (Example: 123B,4KB)
    --exclude-texts=TEXTS
                        Exclude responses by texts, separated by commas
                        (Example: 'Not found', 'Error')
    --exclude-regexps=REGEXPS
                        Exclude responses by regexps, separated by commas
                        (Example: 'Not foun[a-z]{1}', '^Error$')
    --exclude-redirects=REGEXPS
                        Exclude responses by redirect regexps or texts,
                        separated by commas (Example: 'https://okta.com/*')
    --exclude-content=PATH
                        Exclude responses by response content of this path
    --skip-on-status=CODES
                        Skip target whenever hit one of these status codes,
                        separated by commas, support ranges
    --minimal=LENGTH    Minimal response length
    --maximal=LENGTH    Maximal response length
    --max-time=SECONDS  Maximal runtime for the scan
    -q, --quiet-mode    Quiet mode
    --full-url          Full URLs in the output (enabled automatically in
                        quiet mode)
    --no-color          No colored output

  Request Settings:
    -m METHOD, --http-method=METHOD
                        HTTP method (default: GET)
    -d DATA, --data=DATA
                        HTTP request data
    -H HEADERS, --header=HEADERS
                        HTTP request header, support multiple flags (Example:
                        -H 'Referer: example.com')
    --header-list=FILE  File contains HTTP request headers
    -F, --follow-redirects
                        Follow HTTP redirects
    --random-agent      Choose a random User-Agent for each request
    --auth-type=TYPE    Authentication type (basic, digest, bearer, ntlm)
    --auth=CREDENTIAL   Authentication credential (user:password or bearer
                        token)
    --user-agent=USERAGENT
    --cookie=COOKIE

  Connection Settings:
    --timeout=TIMEOUT   Connection timeout
    -s DELAY, --delay=DELAY
                        Delay between requests
    --proxy=PROXY       Proxy URL, support HTTP and SOCKS proxies (Example:
                        localhost:8080, socks5://localhost:8088)
    --proxy-list=FILE   File contains proxy servers
    --replay-proxy=PROXY
                        Proxy to replay with found paths
    --scheme=SCHEME     Default scheme (for raw request or if there is no
                        scheme in the URL)
    --max-rate=RATE     Max requests per second
    --retries=RETRIES   Number of retries for failed requests
    -b, --request-by-hostname
                        By default dirsearch requests by IP for speed. This
                        will force dirsearch to request by hostname
    --ip=IP             Server IP address
    --exit-on-error     Exit whenever an error occurs

  Reports:
    -o FILE, --output=FILE
                        Output file
    --format=FORMAT     Report format (Available: simple, plain, json, xml,
                        md, csv, html)

Configuration

Default values for dirsearch flags can be edited in the configuration file: default.conf

# If you want to edit dirsearch default configurations, you can
# edit values in this file. Everything after `#` is a comment
# and won't be applied

[mandatory]
default-extensions = php,aspx,jsp,html,js
force-extensions = False
# exclude-extensions = old,log

[general]
threads = 30
recursive = False
deep-recursive = False
force-recursive = False
recursion-depth = 0
exclude-subdirs = %%ff/
random-user-agents = False
max-time = 0
full-url = False
quiet-mode = False
color = True
recursion-status = 200-399,401,403
# include-status = 200-299,401
# exclude-status = 400,500-999
# exclude-sizes = 0b,123gb
# exclude-texts = "Not found"
# exclude-regexps = "403 [a-z]{1,25}"
# exclude-content = 404.html
# skip-on-status = 429,999

[reports]
report-format = plain
autosave-report = True
# report-output-folder = /home/user
# logs-location = /tmp
## Supported: plain, simple, json, xml, md, csv, html

[dictionary]
lowercase = False
uppercase = False
capitalization = False
# prefixes = .,admin
# suffixes = ~,.bak
# wordlist = db/dicc.txt

[request]
httpmethod = get
## Lowercase only
follow-redirects = False
# headers-file = headers.txt
# user-agent = MyUserAgent
# cookie = SESSIONID=123

[connection]
timeout = 5
delay = 0
scheme = http
maxrate = 0
retries = 2
request-by-hostname = False
exit-on-error = False
# proxy = localhost:8080
# proxy-list = proxies.txt
# replay-proxy = localhost:8000

How to use

Dirsearch demo

Some examples for how to use dirsearch - those are the most common arguments. If you need all, just use the -h argument.

Simple usage

python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target -w /path/to/wordlist

Recursive scan

  • By using the -r | --recursive argument, dirsearch will brute-force recursively all directories.
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target -r
  • You can set the max recursion depth with --recursion-depth, and status-codes to recurse with --recursion-status
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target -r --recursion-depth 3 --recursion-status 200-399
  • There are 2 more options: --force-recursive and --deep-recursive
    • Force recursive: Brute force recursively all found paths, not just paths end with /
    • Deep recursive: Recursive brute-force all depths of a path (a/b/c => add a/, a/b/)

Threads

The thread number (-t | --threads) reflects the number of separated brute force processes. And so the bigger the thread number is, the faster dirsearch runs. By default, the number of threads is 30, but you can increase it if you want to speed up the progress.

In spite of that, the speed still depends a lot on the response time of the server. And as a warning, we advise you to keep the threads number not too big because it can cause DoS.

python3 dirsearch.py -e php,htm,js,bak,zip,tgz,txt -u https://target -t 20

Prefixes / Suffixes

  • --prefixes: Add custom prefixes to all entries
python3 dirsearch.py -e php -u https://target --prefixes .,admin,_

Base wordlist:

tools

Generated with prefixes:

.tools
admintools
_tools
  • --suffixes: Add custom suffixes to all entries
python3 dirsearch.py -e php -u https://target --suffixes ~

Base wordlist:

index.php
internal

Generated with suffixes:

index.php~
internal~

Blacklist

Inside the db/ folder, there are several "blacklist files". Paths in those files will be filtered from the scan result if they have the same status as mentioned in the filename.

Example: If you add admin.php into db/403_blacklist.txt, whenever you do a scan that admin.php returns 403, it will be filtered from the result.


Filters

Use -i | --include-status and -x | --exclude-status to select allowed and not allowed response status-codes

For more advanced filters: --exclude-sizes, --exclude-texts, --exclude-regexps, --exclude-redirects and --exclude-content

python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --exclude-sizes 1B,243KB
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --exclude-texts "403 Forbidden"
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --exclude-regexps "^Error$"
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --exclude-redirects "https://(.*).okta.com/*"
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --exclude-content /error.html

Raw request

dirsearch allows you to import the raw request from a file. The content would be something looked like this:

GET /admin HTTP/1.1
Host: admin.example.com
Cache-Control: max-age=0
Accept: */*

Since there is no way for dirsearch to know what the URI scheme is, you need to set it using the --scheme flag. By default, the scheme is http, which can cause a lot of false negatives.


Wordlist formats

Supported wordlist formats: uppercase, lowercase, capitalization

Lowercase:

admin
index.html

Uppercase:

ADMIN
INDEX.HTML

Capital:

Admin
Index.html

Exclude extensions

  • Use -X | --exclude-extensions with an extension list will remove all paths in the wordlist that contains the given extensions

python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target -X jsp

Base wordlist:

admin.php
test.jsp

After:

admin.php
  • If you want to exclude ALL extensions, except for the ones you selected in the -e flag, use --only-selected

python3 dirsearch.py -e html -u https://target --only-selected

Base wordlist:

index.html
admin.php

After:

index.html

Scan sub-directories

  • From an URL, you can scan a list of sub-directories with --subdirs.
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --subdirs admin/,folder/,/
  • The reverse version of this is --exclude-subdirs, which prevents dirsearch from scan recursively the given sub-directories.
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --recursive --exclude-subdirs image/,css/

Proxies

dirsearch supports SOCKS and HTTP proxy, with two options: a proxy server or a list of proxy servers.

python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --proxy 127.0.0.1:8080
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --proxy socks5://10.10.0.1:8080
python3 dirsearch.py -e php,html,js -u https://target --proxylist proxyservers.txt

Reports

Supported report formats: simple, plain, json, xml, md, csv, html

python3 dirsearch.py -e php -l URLs.txt --format plain -o report.txt
python3 dirsearch.py -e php -u https://target --format html -o target.json

Some others commands

python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target -t 100 -m POST --data "username=admin"
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target --random-agent --cookie "isAdmin=1" -F
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target --format json -o target.json
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target --auth admin:pass --auth-type basic
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target --header-list rate-limit-bypasses.txt
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target -q --stop-on-error --max-time 360
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target --full-url --max-rate 100
python3 dirsearch.py -u https://target --remove-extensions

There are more features and you will need to discover them by yourself

Support Docker

Install Docker Linux

Install Docker

curl -fsSL https://get.docker.com | bash

To use docker you need superuser power

Build Image dirsearch

To create image

docker build -t "dirsearch:v0.4.2" .

dirsearch is the name of the image and v0.4.2 is the version

Using dirsearch

For using

docker run -it --rm "dirsearch:v0.4.2" -u target -e php,html,js,zip

References

Tips

  • The server has requests limit? That's bad, but feel free to bypass it, by randomizing proxy with --proxy-list
  • Want to find out config files or backups? Try --suffixes ~ and --prefixes .
  • Want to find only folders/directories? Why not combine --remove-extensions and --suffixes /!
  • The mix of --cidr, -F, -q and will reduce most of noises + false negatives when brute-forcing with a CIDR
  • Scan a list of URLs, but don't want to see a 429 flood? --skip-on-status 429 will help you to skip a target whenever it returns 429
  • The server contains large files that slow down the scan? You might want to use HEAD HTTP method instead of GET
  • Brute-forcing CIDR is slow? Probably you forgot to reduce request timeout and request retries. Suggest: --timeout 3 --retries 1

Contribution

We have been receiving a lot of helps from many people around the world to improve this tool. Thanks so much to everyone who have helped us so far! See CONTRIBUTORS.md to know who they are.

Pull requests and feature requests are welcomed

License

Copyright (C) Mauro Soria ([email protected])

License: GNU General Public License, version 2


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