gdeltPyR is a Python-based framework to access and analyze Global Database of Events, Language, and Tone (GDELT) 1.0 or 2.0 data in a Python Pandas or R dataframe. A user can enter a single date, date range (list of two strings), or individual dates (more than two in a list) and return a tidy data set ready for scientific or data-driven exploration.
gdeltPyRdepends on several libraries that will end Python 2 support, it's only prudent that we do the same.
gdeltPyRfunctionality in Python 2 will become buggy over the coming months. Move to Python 3 for the best experience.
gdeltPyR retrieves GDELT data, version 1.0 or version 2.0 via parallel HTTP GET requests and will provide a method to access GDELT data directly via Google BigQuery . Therefore, the more cores you have, the less time it takes to pull more data. Moreover, the more RAM you have, the more data you can pull. And finally, for RAM-limited workflows, create a pipeline that pulls data, writes to disk, and flushes.
The GDELT Project advertises as the largest, most comprehensive, and highest resolution open database of human society ever created. It monitors print, broadcast, and web news media in over 100 languages from across every country in the world to keep continually updated on breaking developments anywhere on the planet. Its historical archives stretch back to January 1, 1979 and accesses the world’s breaking events and reaction in near-realtime as both the GDELT Event and Global Knowledge Graph update every 15 minutes. Visit the GDELT website to learn more about the project.
gdeltPyRprovides a warning for missing data
This project will evolve in two phases. Moreover, if you want to contribute to the project, this section can help prioritize where to put efforts.
Phase 1 focuses on providing consistent, stable, and reliable access to GDELT data.
gdeltPyR will help data scientists, researchers, data enthusiasts, and curious Python coders in this phase. Therefore, most issues in this phase will build out the main
Search method of the
gdelt class to return GDELT data, version 1.0 or version 2.0, or equally important, give a relevant error message when no data is returned. This also means the project will focus on building documentation, a unit testing framework (shooting for 90% coverage), and creating a helper class that provides helpful information on column names/table descriptions.
Phase 2 brings analytics to
gdeltPyRto expand the library beyond a simple data retrieval functionality
This phase is what will make
gdeltPyR useful to a wider audience. The major addition will be an
Analysis method of the
gdelt class which will analyze outputs of the
Search method. For data-literate users (data scientists, researchers, students, data journalists, etc), enhancements in this phase will save time by providing summary statistics and extraction methods of GDELT data, and as a result reduce the time a user would spend writing code to perform routine data cleanup/analysis. For the non-technical audience (students, journalists, business managers, etc.), enhancesments in this phase will provide outputs that summarize GDELT data, which can in turn be used in reports, articles, etc. Areas of focus include descriptive statistics (mean, split-apply-combine stats, etc), spatial analysis, and time series.
# Basic use and new schema method import gdelt gd= gdelt.gdelt() events = gd.Search(['2017 May 23'],table='events',output='gpd',normcols=True,coverage=False) # new schema method print(gd.schema('events'))
gdeltPyRresults in parquet format; efficient columnar storage to reduce memory footprint and optimize loading
pandas.io.gbqinterface; requires authentication and Google Compute account
gdeltPyR can be installed via pip
pip install gdelt
GDELT 1.0 Queries
import gdelt # Version 1 queries gd1 = gdelt.gdelt(version=1) # pull single day, gkg table results= gd1.Search('2016 Nov 01',table='gkg') print(len(results)) # pull events table, range, output to json format results = gd1.Search(['2016 Oct 31','2016 Nov 2'],coverage=True,table='events') print(len(results))
GDELT 2.0 Queries
# Version 2 queries gd2 = gdelt.gdelt(version=2) # Single 15 minute interval pull, output to json format with mentions table results = gd2.Search('2016 Nov 1',table='mentions',output='json') print(len(results)) # Full day pull, output to pandas dataframe, events table results = gd2.Search(['2016 11 01'],table='events',coverage=True) print(len(results))
gdeltPyR can output results directly into several formats which include:
Performance on 4 core, MacOS Sierra 10.12 with 16GB of RAM:
gdeltPyR provides access to 1.0 and 2.0 data. Six parameters guide the query syntax:
|version||(integer) - Selects the version of GDELT data to query; defaults to version 2.||1 or 2|
|date||(string or list of strings) - Dates to query||"2016 10 23" or "2016 Oct 23"|
|coverage||(bool) - For GDELT 2.0, pulls every 15 minute interval in the dates passed in the 'date' parameter. Default coverage is False or None.
||True or False or None|
|translation||(bool) - For GDELT 2.0, if the english or translated-to-english dataset should be downloaded||True or False|
|tables||(string) - The specific GDELT table to pull. The default table is the 'events' table. See the GDELT documentation page for more information||'events' or 'mentions' or 'gkg'|
|output||(string) - The output type for the results||'json' or 'csv' or 'gpd'|
These parameter values can be mixed and matched to return the data you want. the
coverage parameter is used with GDELT version 2; when set to "True", the
gdeltPyR will query all available 15 minute intervals for the dates passed. For the current day, the query will return the most recent 15 minute interval.
Version 2and pull full days of data, you need more memory as the gdeltPyR return is held in memory. One day of GDELT
Version 2data can be 500 MB. Get more RAM, you have less problems. Or, pull a day, write to disk, flush, then continue.
gdeltPyR; will require project ID and authentication using
All contributions, bug reports, bug fixes, documentation improvements, enhancements and ideas are welcome.
A detailed overview on how to contribute is forthcoming.
Our main requirement (and advice) is to make sure you write a unit test for your enhancement or addition (or just make one to help get the project to 90% unit tests!!!). Moreover, we can't accept a commit until existing unittests are passing in Travis CI (OSX and Linux) and Appveyor (Windows).
If you are simply looking to start working with the
gdeltPyR codebase, navigate to the gdeltPyR's Issues tab and start looking through interesting issues. There are a number of issues listed where you could start out.
Or maybe through using
gdeltPyR you have an idea of your own or are looking for something in the documentation and thinking ‘this can be improved’...you can do something about it!
We follow the pandas instructions as a guide to build a
gdeltPyR development environment. Windows users should look at the instructions below for environment set up.
An easy way to create a
gdeltPyR development environment is as follows.
After completing all steps above, tell conda to create a new environment, named
gdelt_dev, or any other name you would like for this environment, by running:
conda create -n gdelt_dev python=2 -c conda-forge --file travis/requirements_all.txt
conda create -n gdelt_dev python=3 -c conda-forge --file travis/requirements_all.txt
conda create -n gdelt_dev python=3.6 -c conda-forge --file travis/requirements_all36.txt
For Windows, we will again follow the
pandas documentation (let me know if this doesn't work for
gdeltPyR). To build on Windows, you need to have compilers installed to build the extensions. You will need to install the appropriate Visual Studio compilers, VS 2008 for Python 2.7, VS 2010 for 3.4, and VS 2015 for Python 3.5 and 3.6.
For Python 2.7, you can install the mingw compiler which will work equivalently to VS 2008:
conda install -n gdelt_dev libpython
or use the Microsoft Visual Studio VC++ compiler for Python. Note that you have to check the x64 box to install the x64 extension building capability as this is not installed by default.
For Python 3.4, you can download and install the Windows 7.1 SDK. Read the references below as there may be various gotchas during the installation.
For Python 3.5 and 3.6, you can download and install the Visual Studio 2015 Community Edition.
Here are some references and blogs:
This will create the new environment, and not touch any of your existing environments, nor any existing Python installation. It will install all of the basic dependencies of
gdeltPyR, as well as the development and testing tools. To enter this new environment:
source activate gdelt_dev
You will then see a confirmation message to indicate you are in the new development environment.
To view your environments:
conda info -e
To return to your home root environment in Windows:
To return to your home root environment in OSX / Linux:
See the full conda docs here.
The last step is installing the gdelt development source into this new directory. First, make sure that you cd into the gdeltPyR source directory. You have two options to build the code:
python setup.py build_ext --inplace
If you startup the Python interpreter in the pandas source directory you will call the built C extensions
python setup.py develop
This makes a symbolic link that tells the Python interpreter to import pandas from your development directory. Thus, you can always be using the development version on your system without being inside the clone directory.
You should have a fully functional development environment!
pandas has a fantastic write up on Continuous Integration (CI). Because
gdeltPyR embraces the same CI concepts, please read
pandas introduction and explanation of CI if you have issues. All builds of your branch or Pull Request should pass with
greens before it can be merged with the master branch.
There's no point in reinventing the wheel; read the
pandas documentation on committing code for instructions on how to contribute to
If you completed everything above, you should be ready to contribute.
We follow the
pandas coding style for issues and pull requests. Use the following style: