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Amazon EFS CSI Driver

The Amazon Elastic File System Container Storage Interface (CSI) Driver implements the CSI specification for container orchestrators to manage the lifecycle of Amazon EFS file systems.

CSI Specification Compatibility Matrix

AWS EFS CSI Driver \ CSI Spec Version v0.3.0 v1.1.0 v1.2.0
master branch no no yes
v1.x.x no no yes
v0.3.0 no yes no
v0.2.0 no yes no
v0.1.0 yes no no


EFS CSI driver supports dynamic provisioning and static provisioning. Currently Dynamic Provisioning creates an access point for each PV. This mean an AWS EFS file system has to be created manually on AWS first and should be provided as an input to the storage class parameter. For static provisioning, AWS EFS file system needs to be created manually on AWS first. After that it can be mounted inside a container as a volume using the driver.

The following CSI interfaces are implemented:

  • Controller Service: CreateVolume, DeleteVolume, ControllerGetCapabilities, ValidateVolumeCapabilities
  • Node Service: NodePublishVolume, NodeUnpublishVolume, NodeGetCapabilities, NodeGetInfo, NodeGetId, NodeGetVolumeStats
  • Identity Service: GetPluginInfo, GetPluginCapabilities, Probe

Storage Class Parameters for Dynamic Provisioning

Parameters Values Default Optional Description
provisioningMode efs-ap false Type of volume provisioned by efs. Currently, Access Points are supported.
fileSystemId false File System under which access points are created.
directoryPerms false Directory permissions for Access Point root directory creation.
uid true POSIX user Id to be applied for Access Point root directory creation.
gid true POSIX group Id to be applied for Access Point root directory creation.
gidRangeStart 50000 true Start range of the POSIX group Id to be applied for Access Point root directory creation. Not used if uid/gid is set.
gidRangeEnd 7000000 true End range of the POSIX group Id. Not used if uid/gid is set.
basePath true Path under which access points for dynamic provisioning is created. If this parameter is not specified, access points are created under the root directory of the file system
az "" true Used for cross-account mount. az under storage class parameter is optional. If specified, mount target associated with the az will be used for cross-account mount. If not specified, a random mount target will be picked for cross account mount


  • Custom Posix group Id range for Access Point root directory must include both gidRangeStart and gidRangeEnd parameters. These parameters are optional only if both are omitted. If you specify one, the other becomes mandatory.
  • When using a custom Posix group ID range, there is a possibility for the driver to run out of available POSIX group Ids. We suggest ensuring custom group ID range is large enough or create a new storage class with a new file system to provision additional volumes.
  • az under storage class parameter is not be confused with efs-utils mount option az. The az mount option is used for cross-az mount or efs one zone file system mount within the same aws account as the cluster.

Encryption In Transit

One of the advantages of using EFS is that it provides encryption in transit support using TLS. Using encryption in transit, data will be encrypted during its transition over the network to the EFS service. This provides an extra layer of defence-in-depth for applications that requires strict security compliance.

Encryption in transit is enabled by default in the master branch version of the driver. To disable it and mount volumes using plain NFSv4, set volumeAttributes field encryptInTransit to "false" in your persistent volume manifest. For an example manifest, see Encryption in Transit Example.

Note Kubernetes version 1.13+ is required if you are using this feature in Kubernetes.

EFS CSI Driver on Kubernetes

The following sections are Kubernetes specific. If you are a Kubernetes user, use this for driver features, installation steps and examples.

Kubernetes Version Compability Matrix

AWS EFS CSI Driver \ Kubernetes Version maturity v1.11 v1.12 v1.13 v1.14 v1.15 v1.16 v1.17+
master branch GA no no no no no no yes
v1.3.x GA no no no no no no yes
v1.2.x GA no no no no no no yes
v1.1.x GA no no no yes yes yes yes
v1.0.x GA no no no yes yes yes yes
v0.3.0 beta no no no yes yes yes yes
v0.2.0 beta no no no yes yes yes yes
v0.1.0 alpha yes yes yes no no no no

Container Images

EFS CSI Driver Version Image
master branch amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:master
v1.4.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.4.0
v1.3.8 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.8
v1.3.7 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.7
v1.3.6 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.6
v1.3.5 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.5
v1.3.4 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.4
v1.3.3 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.3
v1.3.2 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.2
v1.3.1 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.1
v1.3.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.3.0
v1.2.1 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.2.1
v1.2.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.2.0
v1.1.1 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.1.1
v1.1.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.1.0
v1.0.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v1.0.0
v0.3.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v0.3.0
v0.2.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v0.2.0
v0.1.0 amazon/aws-efs-csi-driver:v0.1.0


  • Static provisioning - EFS file system needs to be created manually first, then it could be mounted inside container as a persistent volume (PV) using the driver.
  • Dynamic provisioning - Uses a persistent volume claim (PVC) to dynamically provision a persistent volume (PV). On Creating a PVC, kuberenetes requests EFS to create an Access Point in a file system which will be used to mount the PV.
  • Mount Options - Mount options can be specified in the persistent volume (PV) or storage class for dynamic provisioning to define how the volume should be mounted.
  • Encryption of data in transit - EFS file systems are mounted with encryption in transit enabled by default in the master branch version of the driver.
  • Cross account mount - EFS file systems from different aws accounts can be mounted from an EKS cluster.
  • Multiarch - EFS CSI driver image is now multiarch on ECR


  • Since EFS is an elastic file system it doesn't really enforce any file system capacity. The actual storage capacity value in persistent volume and persistent volume claim is not used when creating the file system. However, since the storage capacity is a required field by Kubernetes, you must specify the value and you can use any valid value for the capacity.


Set up driver permission:

The driver requires IAM permission to talk to Amazon EFS to manage the volume on user's behalf. There are several methods to grant driver IAM permission:

Deploy the driver:

If you want to deploy the stable driver:

kubectl apply -k ""

If you want to deploy the development driver:

kubectl apply -k ""

Alternatively, you could also install the driver using helm:

helm repo add aws-efs-csi-driver
helm repo update
helm upgrade --install aws-efs-csi-driver --namespace kube-system aws-efs-csi-driver/aws-efs-csi-driver


Before the example, you need to:

  • Get yourself familiar with how to setup Kubernetes on AWS and how to create EFS file system.
  • When creating EFS file system, make sure it is accessible from Kubernetes cluster. This can be achieved by creating the file system inside the same VPC as Kubernetes cluster or using VPC peering.
  • Install EFS CSI driver following the Installation steps.

Example links


Please go through CSI Spec and Kubernetes CSI Developer Documentation to get some basic understanding of CSI driver before you start.


  • Golang 1.13.4+


Dependencies are managed through go module. To build the project, first turn on go mod using export GO111MODULE=on, to build the project run: make


To execute all unit tests, run: make test


This library is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.

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