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================== django-markupfield

.. image:: https://github.com/jamesturk/django-markupfield/workflows/Test/badge.svg

.. image:: https://img.shields.io/pypi/v/django-markupfield.svg :target: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/django-markupfield

An implementation of a custom MarkupField for Django. A MarkupField is in essence a TextField with an associated markup type. The field also caches its rendered value on the assumption that disk space is cheaper than CPU cycles in a web application.

Installation

The recommended way to install django-markupfield is with pip <https://pypi.python.org/pypi/pip>_

It is not necessary to add 'markupfield' to your INSTALLED_APPS, it merely needs to be on your PYTHONPATH. However, to use titled markup you either add 'markupfield' to your INSTALLED_APPS or add the corresponding translations to your project translation.

Requirements

Requires Django >= 2.2 and 3.6+

  • 1.5.x is the last release to officially support Django < 2.2 or Python 2.7
  • 1.4.x is the last release to officially support Django < 1.11
  • 1.3.x is the last release to officially support Django 1.4 or Python 3.3

Settings

To best make use of MarkupField you should define the MARKUP_FIELD_TYPES setting, a mapping of strings to callables that 'render' a markup type::

import markdown
from docutils.core import publish_parts

def render_rest(markup):
    parts = publish_parts(source=markup, writer_name="html4css1")
    return parts["fragment"]

MARKUP_FIELD_TYPES = (
    ('markdown', markdown.markdown),
    ('ReST', render_rest),
)

If you do not define a MARKUP_FIELD_TYPES then one is provided with the following markup types available:

html: allows HTML, potentially unsafe plain: plain text markup, calls urlize and replaces text with linebreaks markdown: default markdown_ renderer (only if markdown_ is installed) restructuredtext: default ReST_ renderer (only if docutils_ is installed)

It is also possible to override MARKUP_FIELD_TYPES on a per-field basis by passing the markup_choices option to a MarkupField in your model declaration.

.. _ReST: http://docutils.sourceforge.net/rst.html .. _markdown: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/Markdown .. _docutils: http://docutils.sourceforge.net/

Usage

Using MarkupField is relatively easy, it can be used in any model definition::

from django.db import models
from markupfield.fields import MarkupField

class Article(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    slug = models.SlugField(max_length=100)
    body = MarkupField()

Article objects can then be created with any markup type defined in MARKUP_FIELD_TYPES::

Article.objects.create(title='some article', slug='some-article',
                       body='*fancy*', body_markup_type='markdown')

You will notice that a field named body_markup_type exists that you did not declare, MarkupField actually creates two extra fields here body_markup_type and _body_rendered. These fields are always named according to the name of the declared MarkupField.

Arguments

MarkupField also takes three optional arguments. Either default_markup_type and markup_type arguments may be specified but not both.

default_markup_type: Set a markup_type that the field will default to if one is not specified. It is still possible to edit the markup type attribute and it will appear by default in ModelForms.

markup_type: Set markup type that the field will always use, editable=False is set on the hidden field so it is not shown in ModelForms.

markup_choices: A replacement list of markup choices to be used in lieu of MARKUP_FIELD_TYPES on a per-field basis.

escape_html: A flag (False by default) indicating that the input should be regarded as untrusted and as such will be run through Django's escape filter.

Examples


``MarkupField`` that will default to using markdown but allow the user a choice::

    MarkupField(default_markup_type='markdown')

``MarkupField`` that will use ReST and not provide a choice on forms::

    MarkupField(markup_type='restructuredtext')

``MarkupField`` that will use a custom set of renderers::

    CUSTOM_RENDERERS = (
        ('markdown', markdown.markdown),
        ('wiki', my_wiki_render_func)
    )
    MarkupField(markup_choices=CUSTOM_RENDERERS)

.. note::
    When using ``markdown``, be sure to use ``markdown.markdown`` and not
    the ``markdown.Markdown`` class, the class requires an explicit ``reset``
    to function properly in some cases.  (See [issue #40](https://github.com/jamesturk/django-markupfield/issues/40)
    for details.)


Accessing a MarkupField on a model
----------------------------------

When accessing an attribute of a model that was declared as a ``MarkupField``
a special ``Markup`` object is returned.  The ``Markup`` object has three
parameters:

``raw``:
    The unrendered markup.
``markup_type``:
    The markup type.
``rendered``:
    The rendered HTML version of ``raw``, this attribute is read-only.

This object has a ``__unicode__`` method that calls
``django.utils.safestring.mark_safe`` on ``rendered`` allowing MarkupField
objects to appear in templates as their rendered selfs without any template
tag or having to access ``rendered`` directly.

Assuming the ``Article`` model above::

    >>> a = Article.objects.all()[0]
    >>> a.body.raw
    u'*fancy*'
    >>> a.body.markup_type
    u'markdown'
    >>> a.body.rendered
    u'<p><em>fancy</em></p>'
    >>> print unicode(a.body)
    <p><em>fancy</em></p>

Assignment to ``a.body`` is equivalent to assignment to ``a.body.raw`` and
assignment to ``a.body_markup_type`` is equivalent to assignment to 
``a.body.markup_type``.

.. important::
    Keeping in mind that ``body`` is MarkupField instance is particullary important with ``default`` or ``default_if_none`` filter for model that could be blank. If ``body``'s ``rendered`` is ``None`` or empty string (``""``) these filters will *not* evaluate ``body`` as falsy to display default text::
    
        {{ a.body|default:"<missing body>" }}
    
    That's because ``body`` is regular non-``None`` MarkupField instance. To let ``default`` or ``default_if_none`` filters to work evaluate ``rendered`` MarkupField attribute instead. To prevent escaping HTML for the case ``rendered`` is truethy, finish chain with ``safe`` filter::
    
        {{ a.body.rendered|default:"<missing body>"|safe }} 

.. note::
    a.body.rendered is only updated when a.save() is called


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