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Hyperledger Fabric EVM chaincode

This is the project for the Hyperledger Fabric chaincode, integrating the Burrow EVM. At its essence, this project enables one to use the Hyperledger Fabric permissioned blockchain platform to interact with Ethereum smart contracts written in an EVM compatible language such as Solidity or Vyper.

The integration is achieved through the EVM chaincode (EVMCC) and Fab3. The EVMCC wraps the Hyperledger Burrow EVM package in a Go chaincode shim and maps the various methods between the peer and the EVM itself. The EVMCC acts as the smart contract runtime and stores the deployed contract code on the ledger under the evmcc namespace.

The second piece is Fab3, a web3 provider, which is a proxy that implements a subset of the Ethereum compliant JSON RPC interfaces, so that users could use tools such as Web3.js to interact with smart contracts running in the Fabric EVM. Using the Fabric GO SDK, Fab3 is able to communicate with the Fabric network to interact with the EVMCC. Without Fab3, users can still interact with the EVMCC using the Fabric APIs.

Used together, the EVMCC and Fab3 recreates the Ethereum smart contract runtime and developer experience. Applications that make use of the Ethereum JSON RPC API and EVM smart contracts should be able to stay unchanged and can be brought to use with Hyperledger Fabric.

EndToEnd

Table of Contents

We hang out in the #fabric-evm channel. We are always interested in feedback and help in development and testing! For more information about contributing look below at the Contributions section.

Deploying the Fabric EVM Chaincode (EVMCC)

This chaincode can be deployed like any other user chaincode to Hyperledger Fabric. The chaincode has no instantiation arguments.

When installing, point to the EVMCC main package. Below is an example of installation and instantiation through the peer cli.

 peer chaincode install -n evmcc -l golang -v 0 -p github.com/hyperledger/fabric-chaincode-evm/evmcc
 peer chaincode instantiate -n evmcc -v 0 -C <channel-name> -c '{"Args":[]}' -o <orderer-address> --tls --cafile <orderer-ca>

The interaction is the same as with any other chaincode, except that the first argument of a chaincode invoke is the address for the contract and the second argument is the input you typically provide for an Ethereum transaction. In general the inputs match the To and Data fields in an ethereum transaction. Typically the To field is the contract address that contains the desired transaction. The Data field is the function to be invoked concatenated with the encoded parameters expected.

peer chaincode invoke -n evmcc -C <channel-name> -c '{"Args":[<to>,<data>]}' -o <orderer-address> --tls --cafile <orderer-ca>

# Contract Invocation
peer chaincode invoke -n evmcc -C <channel-name> -c '{"Args":[<contract-address>,<function-with-encoded-params>]}' -o <orderer-address> --tls --cafile <orderer-ca>

A special case of the ethereum transaction is contract creation. The To field is the zero address and the Data field is the compiled bytecode of the smart contract to be deployed.

# Contract Creation
peer chaincode invoke -n evmcc -C <channel-name> -c '{"Args":["0000000000000000000000000000000000000000",<compiled-bytecode>]}' -o <orderer-address> --tls --cafile <orderer-ca>

The only actions that do not follow the above pattern are to query for contract runtime code and accounts.

# To query for the user account address that is generated from the user public key
peer chaincode query -n evmcc -C <channel-name> -c '{"Args":["account"]}'

# To query for the runtime bytecode for a contract
peer chaincode query -n evmcc -C <channel-name> -c '{"Args":["getCode", "<contract-address>"]}'

NOTE No Ether or token balance is associated with user accounts, so Ethereum smart contracts that require a native token cannot be migrated to Fabric and must be rewritten. Token contracts such as those that follow the ERC 20 standard can still be deployed to the EVMCC. Consequently since no balances exist, user accounts are not stored on the ledger and the addresses are generated on the fly when needed. This should not affect Ethereum smart contract execution. If a contract stores an address, it will be stored under that contract's data.

NOTE In the current implementation of the EVMCC, the opcode BLOCKHASH is not supported. Therefore contracts that use the blockhash(uint blockNumber) function will result in an error.

Running Fab3

Fab3 is a web3 provider that allows the use of ethereum tools such as Web3.js and the Remix IDE to interact with the Ethereum Smart Contracts that have been deployed through the Fabric EVM Chaincode.

For the most up to date instruction set look at the ethservice and netservice implementations. For details about limitations and implementations of the the instructions look at the Fab3 Instructions.

To create the Fab3 binary, this repository must be checked out in the GOPATH

mkdir -p $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/hyperledger/
git clone https://github.com/hyperledger/fabric-chaincode-evm.git $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-chaincode-evm
cd $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-chaincode-evm

Fab3 requires golang version 1.11 and up.

Run the following at the root of this repository:

make fab3

A binary named fab3 will be created in the bin directory.

To run Fab3, the user needs to provide a Fabric SDK Config and Fabric user information. To specify the Fabric user, the organization and user id needs to be provided which corresponds to the credentials provided in the SDK config. We provide a sample config that can be used with the first network example from the fabric-samples repository. The credentials specified in the config, are expected to be in the directory format that the cryptogen binary outputs.

The expected inputs can be provided to fab3 as environment variables or flags. Flags will take precedence over the environment variables.

fab3 is a web3 provider used to interact with the EVM chaincode on a Fabric Network.
The flags provided will be honored over the corresponding environment variables.

Usage:
  fab3 [flags]

Flags:
  -i, --ccid string      ID of the EVM Chaincode deployed in your fabric network.
                         The CCID to be used in by fab3 can also be set by the FAB3_CCID environment variable. (default "evmcc")

  -C, --channel string   Channel to be used for the transactions.
                         This flag is required if FAB3_CHANNEL is not set

  -c, --config string    Path to a compatible Fabric SDK Go config file.
                         This flag is required if FAB3_CONFIG is not set

  -h, --help             help for fab3

  -o, --org string       Organization of the specified user.
                         This flag is required if FAB3_ORG is not set

  -p, --port int         Port that Fab3 will be running on.
                         The listening port can also be set by the FAB3_PORT environment variable. (default 5000)

  -u, --user string      User identity being used for the proxy (Matches the users' names in the
                         crypto-config directory specified in the config).
                         This flag is required if FAB3_USER is not set

Tutorial

We have a tutorial that runs through the basic setup of the EVM chaincode as well as setting up fab3. It also covers deploying a Solidity contract and interacting with it using the Web3.js node library.

Testing

You can run the integration tests in which a sample Fabric Network is run and the chaincode is installed with the CCID: evmcc.

make integration-test

The end-2-end test is derivative of the hyperledger/fabric/integration/e2e test. You can compare them to see what is different.

The fab3 test focuses on the JSON RPC API compatibility. The web3 test uses the Web3 node.js library as a client to run tests against fab3 and the EVMCC.

Contributions

Pull requests are now accepted on github. When submitting a pull request, please include the JIRA number associated with your JIRA work item in the commit message title.

To report a new issue, open a ticket in the Hyperledger Fabric JIRA under the Fabric Chaincode EVM (FABCE) project.

Current Dependencies

  • Hyperledger Fabric v1.4. EVMCC can be run on Fabric 1.0 and newer.
  • Hyperledger Fabric Go SDK 1.0.0-alpha5
  • Minimum of Go 1.11 is required to compile Fab3.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License


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