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RAKE short for Rapid Automatic Keyword Extraction algorithm, is a domain independent keyword extraction algorithm which tries to determine key phrases in a body of text by analyzing the frequency of word appearance and its co-occurance with other words in the text.



  • Ridiculously simple interface.
  • Configurable word and sentence tokenizers, language based stop words etc
  • Configurable ranking metric.


Using pip

pip install rake-nltk

Directly from the repository

git clone
python rake-nltk/ install

Quick start

from rake_nltk import Rake

# Uses stopwords for english from NLTK, and all puntuation characters by
# default
r = Rake()

# Extraction given the text.
r.extract_keywords_from_text(<text to process>)

# Extraction given the list of strings where each string is a sentence.
r.extract_keywords_from_sentences(<list of sentences>)

# To get keyword phrases ranked highest to lowest.

# To get keyword phrases ranked highest to lowest with scores.

Debugging Setup

If you see a stopwords error, it means that you do not have the corpus stopwords downloaded from NLTK. You can download it using command below.

python -c "import nltk;'stopwords')"


This is a python implementation of the algorithm as mentioned in paper Automatic keyword extraction from individual documents by Stuart Rose, Dave Engel, Nick Cramer and Wendy Cowley

Why I chose to implement it myself?

  • It is extremely fun to implement algorithms by reading papers. It is the digital equivalent of DIY kits.
  • There are some rather popular implementations out there, in python(aneesha/RAKE) and node(waseem18/node-rake) but neither seemed to use the power of NLTK. By making NLTK an integral part of the implementation I get the flexibility and power to extend it in other creative ways, if I see fit later, without having to implement everything myself.
  • I plan to use it in my other pet projects to come and wanted it to be modular and tunable and this way I have complete control.


Bug Reports and Feature Requests

Please use issue tracker for reporting bugs or feature requests.


  1. Checkout the repository.
  2. Make your changes and add/update relavent tests.
  3. Install poetry using pip install poetry.
  4. Run poetry install to create project's virtual environment.
  5. Run tests using poetry run tox (Any python versions which you don't have checked out will fail this). Fix failing tests and repeat.
  6. Make documentation changes that are relavant.
  7. Install pre-commit using pip install pre-commit and run pre-commit run --all-files to do lint checks.
  8. Generate documentation using poetry run sphinx-build -b html docs/ docs/_build/html.
  9. Generate requirements.txt for automated testing using poetry export --dev --without-hashes -f requirements.txt > requirements.txt.
  10. Commit the changes and raise a pull request.

Buy the developer a cup of coffee!

If you found the utility helpful you can buy me a cup of coffee using


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