Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

Cloud Native DevOps with Kubernetes

Cloud Native DevOps cover image

Welcome! This is the example code repository to accompany the book 'Cloud Native DevOps with Kubernetes', by John Arundel and Justin Domingus. Buy the book here:

About the book

From the preface:

You'll learn what Kubernetes is, where it comes from, and what it means for the future of software development and operations. You'll learn how containers work, how to build and manage them, and how to design cloud native services and infrastructure.

You'll understand the trade-offs between building and hosting Kubernetes clusters yourself, and using managed services. You'll learn the capabilities, limitations, and pros and cons of popular Kubernetes installation tools such as kops, kubeadm, and Kubespray. You'll get an informed overview of the major managed Kubernetes offerings from the likes of Amazon, Google, and Microsoft.

You'll get hands-on practical experience of writing and deploying Kubernetes applications, configuring and operating Kubernetes clusters, and automating cloud infrastructure and deployments with tools such as Helm. You'll learn about Kubernetes support for security, authentication, and permissions, including Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), and best practices for securing containers and Kubernetes in production.

You'll learn how to set up continuous integration and deployment with Kubernetes, how to back up and restore data, how to test your cluster for conformance and reliability, how to monitor, trace, log, and aggregate metrics, and how to make your Kubernetes infrastructure scalable, resilient, and cost-effective.

The book aims to teach you everything you need to know to deploy, run, and scale applications in Kubernetes, and most importantly, to give you working example code for everything we demonstrate. That code is open source, available for free for you to use and adapt whether or not you buy the book. And here it is!

Show me the code

Almost all the example code involves our 'hello world' demo application. Here is the list of examples; follow the links to see the documentation on each example.

Terraform examples

We also include some Terraform code examples, to help you manage cloud resources with code. Unfortunately we didn't have space to discuss these in the book, but we hope they'll be useful to you anyway.

Google Cloud

Amazon AWS

You will need

To build and run all of these examples, you will need:

  • Go (any recent version is fine)
  • Docker version 18.03 or above

Where you need other tools for specific examples, we'll mention that in the README for the example.

Contributing to the repo

We would absolutely love it if you contributed! Feel free to send us a PR to add new examples, add versions of the examples for different cloud providers (for example Microsoft Azure), or fix or improve the existing examples.

Known Issues

apiVersion

When we released the book most k8s clusters still used extensions/v1beta1 for Deployments. On newer versions of k8s Deployment has been moved to apiVersion: apps/v1. If you get the message:

error: unable to recognize "k8s/deployment.yaml": no matches for kind "Deployment" in version "extensions/v1beta1"

when trying out the examples then try updating apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1 to apiVersion: apps/v1 in your deployment.yaml file(s).

Thanks to @thescott for pointing this out.

Helm 3

At the time of publishing Helm 3 was not yet released and we included the Helm 2 examples that included the additional steps of installing tiller.

Helm 3 is now released and tiller is no longer required.

We have added the hello-helm3 examples here with updated instructions if you would like to use the latest version of Helm.

You can read more about the changes between version 2 and 3 here.

kubectl run and Pod/Deployment v1.18 change

In the 1.18 release of Kubernetes the kubectl run command changed from creating a Deployment by default to creating a Pod instead.

We have a few examples where we use kubectl run to get familiar with running a container in k8s.

Later we discuss why using the declarative kubectl apply -f... is preferred over the imperative create, edit or run, because your version-controlled YAML files always reflect the real state of the cluster.

In our kubectl run example we show the output as deployment.apps "demo" created but on version 1.18 instead you will instead see pod/demo created.

The subsequent port-forward example would instead be: kubectl port-forward pod/demo 9999:8888

Again, using kubectl apply -f... and keeping your manifests tracked in source control is a better long-term solution.

Service port 8888 VS 9999

Depending on which version of the book you read you may see reference to using port 9999 for the service port here. This caused some confusion between the pod port, service port, and the port-forwarding port in the examples, so was changed in the latest revision to use 8888 for both the pod and the serivce. Thanks to @randoljt for catching this and sorry for any confusion.


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