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imlazy

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Functional programming with lazy immutable iterables

Introduction

imlazy let's you harness the power of the ES2015 iteration protocols. With it you can create infinite or circular iterables which are lazy, immutable and performant. For instance:

const { filter, range } = require("imlazy");

const isEven = (x) => x % 2 === 0;

const positiveIntegers = range(1, Infinity); // => (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10...)
const positiveEvenIntegers = filter(isEven, positiveIntegers); // => (2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20...)

All functions are auto-curried and iterable-last (like in lodash/fp and ramda) which allows developers to build up reusable functions with partial application like so:

const { take } = require("imlazy");

const takeThree = take(3);

const oneTwoThree = takeThree(positiveIntegers); // => (1 2 3)
const twoFourSix = takeThree(positiveEvenIntegers); // => (2 4 6)

Putting iterables into an array, or set, or using them as arguments to a function call is simple (be careful with anything infinite or circular though!):

[...twoFourSix]; // => [2, 4, 6]
Array.from(twoFourSix); // => [2, 4, 6]
new Set(twoFourSix); // => Set { 2, 4, 6 }
Math.max(...twoFourSix); // => 6

Because imlazy uses the ES2015 iteration protocols it is compatible with all native iterables (including the Generator, String, Array, TypedArray, Map and Set types) and many libraries (including Immutable.js):

const { sum } = require("imlazy");
const Immutable = require("immutable");

sum(twoFourSix); // => 12
sum([2, 4, 6]); // => 12
sum(new Set(twoFourSix)); // => 12
sum(Immutable.List.of(2, 4, 6)); // => 12

const fibonacciGenerator = function* () {
  let [a, b] = [0, 1];
  while (true) yield ([a, b] = [b, a + b])[0];
};

take(8, fibonacciGenerator()); // => (1 1 2 3 5 8 13 21)

All iterables created by imlazy are frozen with Object.freeze so, not only are they lazy, they're also immutable.

If you want to find out more about the ES2015 iteration protocols this MDN article is a good place to start.

Getting Started

Installation

yarn add imlazy

API Documentation

API docs are here.

Support

imlazy is written in ES2015 and will run in any environment that supports that specification. If using in Node.js use version 6 or greater.

Debugging

imlazy implements a custom toString method for the iterables it returns. Just invoke String on an iterable returned by one of imlazy's functions to see what's inside it:

String(range(1, 8)); // => (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8)
String(range(1, Infinity)); // => (1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10...)

The custom toString method can handle nested and infinite iterables (in which case it lists the first 10 elements followed by ellipsis) and uses a LISP-like notation to differentiate iterables from arrays and other JS data structures

Static Land

This library implements the following Static Land algebraic types:

  • Functor
    • Apply
      • Applicative
      • Chain
        • Monad
  • Foldable
    • Traversable
  • Filterable
  • Semigroup
    • Monoid
  • Setoid

Performance

There is a benchmarks dir in the root of this repo. Here are the results on my machine running node 8.9.3:

benchmarks/filter.js

imlazy - filter 1x over array x 16,682 ops/sec ±0.80% (88 runs sampled)
native - filter 1x over array x 66,412 ops/sec ±1.00% (87 runs sampled)
imlazy - filter 2x over array x 17,981 ops/sec ±0.94% (89 runs sampled)
native - filter 2x over array x 44,942 ops/sec ±1.81% (87 runs sampled)
imlazy - filter 3x over array x 20,923 ops/sec ±1.94% (84 runs sampled)
native - filter 3x over array x 42,275 ops/sec ±1.55% (91 runs sampled)

benchmarks/map.js

imlazy - map 1x over array x 9,939 ops/sec ±0.98% (85 runs sampled)
native - map 1x over array x 74,172 ops/sec ±1.40% (88 runs sampled)
imlazy - map 2x over array x 7,989 ops/sec ±0.83% (87 runs sampled)
native - map 2x over array x 33,745 ops/sec ±1.29% (87 runs sampled)
imlazy - map 3x over array x 7,159 ops/sec ±1.03% (84 runs sampled)
native - map 3x over array x 23,318 ops/sec ±0.71% (88 runs sampled)

benchmarks/transducers-and-native.js (two filter operations and two map operations)

imlazy - infinite iterable x 1,245 ops/sec ±1.16% (82 runs sampled)
transducer - infinite iterable x 2,079 ops/sec ±1.15% (85 runs sampled)
imlazy - array x 14,490 ops/sec ±2.10% (82 runs sampled)
transducer - array x 26,151 ops/sec ±0.74% (91 runs sampled)
native - array x 24,186 ops/sec ±0.76% (88 runs sampled)

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