Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

🚀 SSH for GitHub Actions

GitHub Action for executing remote ssh commands.

ssh workflow

Actions Status

Important: Only support Linux docker container.

Usage

Executing remote ssh commands.

name: remote ssh command
on: [push]
jobs:

  build:
    name: Build
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
    steps:
    - name: executing remote ssh commands using password
      uses: appleboy/[email protected]
      with:
        host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
        username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
        password: ${{ secrets.PASSWORD }}
        port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
        script: whoami

output:

======CMD======
whoami
======END======
out: ***
==============================================
✅ Successfully executed commands to all host.
==============================================

Input variables

See action.yml for more detailed information.

  • host - ssh host
  • port - ssh port, default is 22
  • username - ssh username
  • password - ssh password
  • passphrase - the passphrase is usually to encrypt the private key
  • sync - synchronous execution if multiple hosts, default is false
  • timeout - timeout for ssh to remote host, default is 30s
  • command_timeout - timeout for ssh command, default is 10m
  • key - content of ssh private key. ex raw content of ~/.ssh/id_rsa
  • key_path - path of ssh private key
  • fingerprint - fingerprint SHA256 of the host public key, default is to skip verification
  • script - execute commands
  • script_stop - stop script after first failure
  • envs - pass environment variable to shell script
  • debug - enable debug mode
  • use_insecure_cipher - include more ciphers with use_insecure_cipher (see #56)
  • cipher - the allowed cipher algorithms. If unspecified then a sensible

SSH Proxy Setting:

  • proxy_host - proxy host
  • proxy_port - proxy port, default is 22
  • proxy_username - proxy username
  • proxy_password - proxy password
  • proxy_passphrase - the passphrase is usually to encrypt the private key
  • proxy_timeout - timeout for ssh to proxy host, default is 30s
  • proxy_key - content of ssh proxy private key.
  • proxy_key_path - path of ssh proxy private key
  • proxy_fingerprint - fingerprint SHA256 of the proxy host public key, default is to skip verification
  • proxy_use_insecure_cipher - include more ciphers with use_insecure_cipher (see #56)
  • proxy_cipher - the allowed cipher algorithms. If unspecified then a sensible

Setting up SSH Key

Make sure to follow the below steps while creating SSH Keys and using them. The best practice is create the SSH Keys on local machine not remote machine. Login with username specified in Github Secrets. Generate a RSA Key-Pair:

ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "[email protected]"

Add newly generated key into Authorized keys. Read more about authorized keys here.

cat .ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh [email protected] 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'

Copy Private Key content and paste in Github Secrets.

clip < ~/.ssh/id_rsa

See the detail information about SSH login without password

Example

Executing remote ssh commands using password.

- name: executing remote ssh commands using password
  uses: appleboy/[email protected]
  with:
    host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
    username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
    password: ${{ secrets.PASSWORD }}
    port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
    script: whoami

Using private key

- name: executing remote ssh commands using ssh key
  uses: appleboy/[email protected]
  with:
    host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
    username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
    key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
    port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
    script: whoami

Multiple Commands

- name: multiple command
  uses: appleboy/[email protected]
  with:
    host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
    username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
    key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
    port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
    script: |
      whoami
      ls -al

result

Multiple Hosts

  - name: multiple host
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
    with:
-     host: "foo.com"
+     host: "foo.com,bar.com"
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
      script: |
        whoami
        ls -al

Multiple hosts with different port

  - name: multiple host
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
    with:
-     host: "foo.com"
+     host: "foo.com:1234,bar.com:5678"
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      script: |
        whoami
        ls -al

Synchronous execution on multiple hosts

  - name: multiple host
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
    with:
      host: "foo.com,bar.com"
+     sync: true
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
      script: |
        whoami
        ls -al

Pass environment variable to shell script

  - name: pass environment
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
+   env:
+     FOO: "BAR"
+     BAR: "FOO"
+     SHA: ${{ github.sha }}
    with:
      host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
+     envs: FOO,BAR
      script: |
        echo "I am $FOO"
        echo "I am $BAR"
        echo "sha: $SHA"

Inside env object, you need to pass every environment variable as a string, passing Integer data type or any other may output unexpected results.

Stop script after first failure. ex: missing abc folder

  - name: stop script if command error
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
    with:
      host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
+     script_stop: true
      script: |
        mkdir abc/def
        ls -al

output:

======CMD======
mkdir abc/def
ls -al

======END======
2019/11/21 01:16:21 Process exited with status 1
err: mkdir: cannot create directory ‘abc/def’: No such file or directory
##[error]Docker run failed with exit code 1

How to connect remote server using ProxyCommand?

+--------+       +----------+      +-----------+
| Laptop | <-->  | Jumphost | <--> | FooServer |
+--------+       +----------+      +-----------+

in your ~/.ssh/config, you will see the following.

Host Jumphost
  HostName Jumphost
  User ubuntu
  Port 22
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/keys/jump_host.pem

Host FooServer
  HostName FooServer
  User ubuntu
  Port 22
  ProxyCommand ssh -q -W %h:%p Jumphost

How to convert to YAML format of GitHubActions.

  - name: ssh proxy command
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
    with:
      host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
+     proxy_host: ${{ secrets.PROXY_HOST }}
+     proxy_username: ${{ secrets.PROXY_USERNAME }}
+     proxy_key: ${{ secrets.PROXY_KEY }}
+     proxy_port: ${{ secrets.PROXY_PORT }}
      script: |
        mkdir abc/def
        ls -al

Protecting a Private Key. The purpose of the passphrase is usually to encrypt the private key. This makes the key file by itself useless to an attacker. It is not uncommon for files to leak from backups or decommissioned hardware, and hackers commonly exfiltrate files from compromised systems.

  - name: ssh key passphrase
    uses: appleboy/[email protected]
    with:
      host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
      username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
      key: ${{ secrets.KEY }}
      port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
+     passphrase: ${{ secrets.PASSPHRASE }}
      script: |
        whoami
        ls -al

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