Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

================================== Async http client/server framework

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Key Features

  • Supports both client and server side of HTTP protocol.
  • Supports both client and server Web-Sockets out-of-the-box and avoids Callback Hell.
  • Provides Web-server with middlewares and plugable routing.

Getting started

Client

To get something from the web:

.. code-block:: python

import aiohttp import asyncio

async def main():

  async with aiohttp.ClientSession() as session:
      async with session.get('http://python.org') as response:

          print("Status:", response.status)
          print("Content-type:", response.headers['content-type'])

          html = await response.text()
          print("Body:", html[:15], "...")

loop = asyncio.get_event_loop() loop.run_until_complete(main())

This prints:

.. code-block::

Status: 200
Content-type: text/html; charset=utf-8
Body: <!doctype html> ...

Coming from requests <https://requests.readthedocs.io/>_ ? Read why we need so many lines <https://aiohttp.readthedocs.io/en/latest/http_request_lifecycle.html>_.

Server

An example using a simple server:

.. code-block:: python

# examples/server_simple.py
from aiohttp import web

async def handle(request):
    name = request.match_info.get('name', "Anonymous")
    text = "Hello, " + name
    return web.Response(text=text)

async def wshandle(request):
    ws = web.WebSocketResponse()
    await ws.prepare(request)

    async for msg in ws:
        if msg.type == web.WSMsgType.text:
            await ws.send_str("Hello, {}".format(msg.data))
        elif msg.type == web.WSMsgType.binary:
            await ws.send_bytes(msg.data)
        elif msg.type == web.WSMsgType.close:
            break

    return ws


app = web.Application()
app.add_routes([web.get('/', handle),
                web.get('/echo', wshandle),
                web.get('/{name}', handle)])

if __name__ == '__main__':
    web.run_app(app)

Documentation

https://aiohttp.readthedocs.io/

Demos

https://github.com/aio-libs/aiohttp-demos

External links

  • Third party libraries <http://aiohttp.readthedocs.io/en/latest/third_party.html>_
  • Built with aiohttp <http://aiohttp.readthedocs.io/en/latest/built_with.html>_
  • Powered by aiohttp <http://aiohttp.readthedocs.io/en/latest/powered_by.html>_

Feel free to make a Pull Request for adding your link to these pages!

Communication channels

aio-libs discourse group: https://aio-libs.discourse.group

gitter chat https://gitter.im/aio-libs/Lobby

We support Stack Overflow <https://stackoverflow.com/questions/tagged/aiohttp>_. Please add aiohttp tag to your question there.

Requirements

  • Python >= 3.7
  • async-timeout_
  • attrs_
  • chardet_
  • multidict_
  • yarl_

Optionally you may install the cChardet_ and aiodns_ libraries (highly recommended for sake of speed).

.. _chardet: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/chardet .. _aiodns: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/aiodns .. _attrs: https://github.com/python-attrs/attrs .. _multidict: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/multidict .. _yarl: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/yarl .. _async-timeout: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/async_timeout .. _cChardet: https://pypi.python.org/pypi/cchardet

License

aiohttp is offered under the Apache 2 license.

Keepsafe

The aiohttp community would like to thank Keepsafe (https://www.getkeepsafe.com) for its support in the early days of the project.

Source code

The latest developer version is available in a GitHub repository: https://github.com/aio-libs/aiohttp

Benchmarks

If you are interested in efficiency, the AsyncIO community maintains a list of benchmarks on the official wiki: https://github.com/python/asyncio/wiki/Benchmarks


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