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Formation studio is a tool that makes developing user interfaces in Python a breeze. By generating the interface code from simple drag-and-drop widgets, it allows developers to focus on building product functionality and beautiful designs. Formation Studio has a set of powerful tools which can be used to design interfaces saved in .XML or .JSON files. These generated files can then be loaded in code. Formation Studio draws inspiration from other RAD tools such as Android Studio's visual layout editor, PAGE.

The design below was built solely in Formation Studio (no images or external tools).

Formation demo

Getting started


To use Formation Studio, install Python 3.6 or higher

Afterwards, install Formation Studio with pip (Python package manager).

pip install formation-studio

The development branch can be installed with the following command:

note: Git needs to be installed to use the following command, and the above version of Formation Studio should be installed prior

pip install --upgrade git+[email protected]

Installation on Linux

Formation Studio uses TKinter and, depending on the distribution/platform, it may not be installed by default. If TKinter is not installed, install tkinter and imagetk after installing Formation Studio.

Install command for tkinter and imagetk on Debian Python:

sudo apt-get install python3-tk, python3-pil.imagetk

Note: The above instruction is only assured to work on Ubuntu. For other versions, change the installation command based on the platform. Also, ensure these commands install to the correct directory if multiple versions of python exist on the machine. Formation Studio is a Python 3 application, therefore it does not support Python 2.


After installation, you can launch Formation Studio from the command line using the command


Note: Multiple instances of Formation Studio will not work simultaneously.

The studio will open a blank design by default (This can be changed in the preferences). With detachable tool windows, Formation Studio is able to provide the flexibility to tailor to every developer's unique needs.

Multiple design files can be opened in different tabs.

Formation window Demonstration of Formation Studio above ^

Widgets can be selected from the Components pane at the top to be dragged on stage. Click to select widgets on the workspace and customize them on Stylepane to the right. The widget hierarchies can be viewed from the ** Component tree** at the bottom left. To preview the the design, use the preview ("run button") on the toolbar. The design can be saved in the top bar by going to File > Save. Below is a sample studio preview saved as hello.xml

sample design

The underlying xml uses namespaces as shown below:

        attr:font="{Calibri} 20 {}" 
        attr:anchor="center" attr:text="Hello World!" 
        attr:text="Click me" 

Note: this xml file has been manually formatted to make it more legible. The actual xml file will not be formatted as the developer is not expected to change it manually.

To load the design in your python code is as simple as:

# import the formation library which loads the design for you
from formation import AppBuilder

def on_click(event):
    print("Button clicked")

app = AppBuilder(path="hello.xml")

app.connect_callbacks(globals()) # clicking the button will trigger the on_click function

print(app.myLabel["text"]) # outputs text in the label 'Hello world!'
print(app.myButton["text"]) # outputs text in the button 'Click me'


Note: Its advisable that widget names are valid Python identifiers (starting with underscores/letters, not having special letters, and not being a reserved keyword) to avoid possible issues at runtime. Use the widget's exact name as specified in the design to avoid AttributeError

formation CLI

Formation also features a CLI to help do certain operations outside the studio such as install updates and modify or delete config files. The CLI is however more useful for Formation Studio developers. To run the CLI use the command formation-cli.

formation-cli --help
usage: formation-cli [-h] [-r FILES] [-c KEY [VALUES ...]] [-u] [-v]

Command line tools for formation studio

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -r FILES, --remove FILES
                        Removes and cleans internal app files. Can be set to config, cache or all.
  -c KEY [VALUES ...], --config KEY [VALUES ...]
                        Get or set studio configuration values.
  -u, --upgrade         Upgrade formation studio to latest version
  -v, --version         show program's version number and exit

For more details checkout the documentation For those wishing to contribute, see the studio notes for developers and contributors Some good documentation for building Python user interfaces include:

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