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Awesome Open Source

Markdown To Document

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A Markdown CLI to easily generate HTML documents from Markdown files.

The original purpose of this tool was to provide an alternative to using Microsoft Word to write and send technical documents.

Use cases: replace docx and pdf files by Markdown (storage in Git, editing, ...) and HTML files (export, sending by email, ...), export a multi-files documentation into a single HTML file, etc.

Install

Install the CLI globally using NPM (Node.js >= 14):

npm install markdown-to-document -g

Linux users: EACCES permissions errors when installing packages globally?
→ Follow this guide to resolve them.

Usage

Compile Markdown files (path) into HTML documents.

mdtodoc [options] <path...>

Read usage examples to learn how to use the CLI.

Options

Option Description
-V, --version Output the version number
-d, --dest [value] Destination path (default: next to .md files)
-j, --join Concatenate all files before compilation
-l, --layout [value] HTML layout
-t, --theme [value] CSS theme
-s, --highlight-style [value] Syntax highlighting style
-n, --numbered-headings Enable numbered headings
-c, --code-copy Enable copy code button
-m, --mermaid Enable mermaid
-e, --embed-mode [value] Embed external resources (default: default)
-w, --watch Watch input files and compile on change
-h, --help Output usage information

Destination (--dest)

The destination path can be used to change where output HTML files are written.

Join (--join)

The --join option concatenates all Markdown source files in one (MERGED.md) before running the compilation (→ MERGED.html) :

  • Sorting: README.md and index.md files first, other .md files and sub-directories next
  • Front matter: remove YAML (---), TOML (+++) or JSON (;;;) front matter from source files
  • Titles: refactor titles level (# syntax only) to reflect path depth
  • Paths: refactor relative paths ([<...>](./<...>)) to reflect the directory structure
  • Table of contents: remove table of contents tokens from child pages

This feature, experimental and not very configurable for the moment, can be very useful to export a multi-files documentation into a single HTML file.

Layout (--layout)

A layout is an HTML template used as a base for the output HTML file, e.g.:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <!--        ⬐ Markdown document title included here -->
  <title>{{ title }}</title>
  {{ styles }} <!-- ← CSS styles (theme, highlight styles, etc.) included here -->
</head>
<body>
{{ body }}     <!-- ← Compiled Markdown included here -->
</body>
{{ scripts }}  <!-- ← JS scripts included here -->
</html>

The --layout option can receive the name of a preset (e.g. page for page.html) or the path to a custom layout file (path/to/my-layout.html or a HTTP URL).

Theme (--theme)

A theme is a CSS stylesheet included in the HTML layout.

The --theme option can receive the name of a preset (e.g. github) or the path to a custom theme file (path/to/my-theme.css or a HTTP URL).

Highlight style (--highlight-style)

A highlight style is a CSS stylesheet included in the HTML layout to add a style to code blocks.

The --highlight-style option can receive the name of a Hightlight.js style (file name without extension, e.g. solarized-dark) or the path to a custom style file (a local path or a HTTP URL).

Additional features

Markdown To Document includes additional features:

  • Numbered headings (--numbered-headings): enable automatic headings numbering (h2 to h6, e.g. 1.1.1.)
  • Code copy (--code-copy): add a button Copy in each code block to easily copy the block content
  • Mermaid (--mermaid): add support for mermaid diagrams using fenced code blocks (```mermaid), e.g.:
graph LR
    Markdown -- mdtodoc --> HTML

Embed mode (--embed-mode)

The --embed-mode option allows to inline externally referenced resources (JS, CSS and images) to output a single HTML file without external dependencies (it can lead to a large output file).

3 modes are available:

  • light: inline light scripts (< 16 KB), stylesheets and light images (< 16 KB)
  • default: inline light scripts (< 16 KB), stylesheets and all images (default)
  • full: inline everything

Examples

Compile a single Markdown file (doc.md) into HTML (doc.html)

mdtodoc doc.md

Watch and compile multiple Markdown files using glob syntax

mdtodoc *.md --watch

Compile multiple Markdown files into a single HTML file (MERGED.html)

mdtodoc *.md --join

Improve the HTML output with a layout, a theme and a highlight style

mdtodoc doc.md --layout "page" --theme "github" --highlight-style "atom-one-light"

The compiled Markdown is now included into the predefined layout page and some CSS styling is added directly into the HTML file.

Enable additional extensions

mdtodoc doc.md -l "page" -t "github" -s "atom-one-light" --numbered-headings --code-copy --mermaid

HTML headings are now automatically numbered, a button Copy is added in each code block <pre> to copy the content and diagrams are generated from mermaid code blocks (```mermaid).

Embed all externally referenced resources

mdtodoc doc.md -l "page" -t "github" -s "atom-one-light" -n -c --embed-mode "full"

All external resources (CSS, JS and images) referenced in the Markdown file are now embedded into the output HTML file.

Use a custom layout (local file) and a custom highlight style (URL)

mdtodoc doc.md -l "./assets/layouts/page.html" -t "github" -s "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/highlightjs/highlight.js/master/src/styles/monokai.css" -n -c

Read options documentation for more information on how to use --layout, --theme and --highlight-style options.

Export a Markdown documentation in a GitLab CI pipeline

In a GitLab repository with Markdown files inside the docs/ folder, the following job can be defined (in .gitlab-ci.yml) to export all the documentation as a single HTML file:

export-doc:
  stage: doc
  image: node:lts
  before_script:
    - npm i markdown-to-document -g --only=prod
  script:
    - mdtodoc "docs/**/*.md" --join -l "page" -t "github" -s "atom-one-light" -n -c
    - mv docs/MERGED.html ./docs.html
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - docs.html

Resources

Useful apps, packages & more

Code editors

Although Markdown documents are simple text files and can be written using basic text editors, most code editors provide features and extensions to make writing these documents easier, e.g.:

Formatting

Markdown files can be easily formatted with code editors using built-in features or additional extensions but code formatters like Prettier also do a good job:

npm install --global prettier
prettier --check "*.md"
prettier --write "*.md"

Markdown compiler

Markdown To Document uses the Markdown.it compiler and the following plugins to generate HTML code from Markdown:

  • markdown-it-abbr - Abbreviation (<abbr>) tag support
  • markdown-it-anchor - Header anchors (permalinks) support
  • markdown-it-container - Custom block containers (:::) support
  • markdown-it-deflist - Definition list (<dl>) tag support
  • markdown-it-emoji - Emoji syntax (📝 → 📝) support
  • markdown-it-footnote - Footnotes ([^1]) support
  • markdown-it-ins - Inserted (<ins>) tag support
  • markdown-it-mark - Marked (<mark>) tag support
  • markdown-it-sub - Subscript (<sub>) tag support
  • markdown-it-sup - Superscript (<sup>) tag support
  • markdown-it-toc-done-right - Table of contents ([[toc]]) support

Additional features also use the following packages:

  • highlight.js - Javascript syntax highlighter
  • web-resource-inliner - Brings externally referenced resources, such as js, css and images, into a single file
  • html-minifier - Javascript-based HTML compressor/minifier
  • clipboard.js - A modern approach to copy text to clipboard
  • cheerio - Fast, flexible, and lean implementation of core jQuery designed specifically for the server
  • chokidar - A neat wrapper around node.js fs.watch / fs.watchFile / FSEvents
  • mermaid - Generation of diagram and flowchart from text in a similar manner as markdown

Open package.json to see the full list of dependencies.

Useful links

Development

  • Link the mdtodoc command for development: npm link
    • Unlink: npm unlink
  • Format code with Prettier: npm run format[:check]
  • Lint code with ESLint: npm run lint
  • Build assets: npm run build:assets
  • Run tests: npm run test[:coverage]
  • Upgrade dependencies: npx npm-check-updates -u

License

Markdown To Document is licensed under the GNU General Public License.


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