Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

Releases C++17 C++20 TOML MIT license CircleCI Mentioned in Awesome C++

toml++ homepage

✨️ This README is fine, but the toml++ homepage is better. ✨️

Library features

  • Header-only
  • Supports the latest TOML release (v1.0.0), plus optional support for some unreleased TOML language features
  • C++17 (plus some C++20 features where available, e.g. experimental support for char8_t strings)
  • Proper UTF-8 handling (incl. BOM)
  • Works with or without exceptions
  • Doesn't require RTTI
  • First-class support for serializing to JSON
  • Tested on Clang (6+), GCC (7+) and MSVC (VS2019)
  • Tested on x64, x86 and ARM

Basic usage

ℹ️ The following example favours brevity. If you'd prefer full API documentation and lots of specific code snippets instead, visit the project homepage

Given a TOML file configuration.toml containing the following:

name = "toml++"
authors = ["Mark Gillard <[email protected]>"]

cpp = 17

Reading it in C++ is easy with toml++:

#include <toml.hpp>

auto config = toml::parse_file( "configuration.toml" );

// get key-value pairs
std::string_view library_name = config["library"]["name"].value_or(""sv);
std::string_view library_author = config["library"]["authors"][0].value_or(""sv);
int64_t depends_on_cpp_version = config["dependencies"]["cpp"].value_or(0);

// modify the data
config.insert_or_assign("alternatives", toml::array{

// iterate & visit over the data
for (auto&& [k, v] : config)
    v.visit([](auto& node) noexcept
        std::cout << node << "\n";
        if constexpr (toml::is_string<decltype(node)>)

// re-serialize as TOML
std::cout << config << "\n";

// re-serialize as JSON
std::cout << toml::json_formatter{ config } << "\n";

You'll find some more code examples in the examples directory, and plenty more as part of the API documentation.

Adding toml++ to your project

toml++ comes in two flavours: Single-header and Regular. The API is the same for both.

🍦️ Single-header flavour

  1. Drop toml.hpp wherever you like in your source tree
  2. There is no step two

🍨️ Regular flavour

  1. Add tomlplusplus/include to your include paths
  2. #include <toml++/toml.h>


Add tomlplusplus/2.5.0 to your conanfile.


Add tomlpp to your package.json5, e.g.:

depends: [

ℹ️ What is DDS?


vcpkg install tomlplusplus

CMake FetchContent

    GIT_TAG        v2.5.0

ℹ️ What is FetchContent?

Other environments and package managers

toml++ is a fairly new project and I'm not up-to-speed with all of the available packaging and integration options in the C++ ecosystem. I'm also a cmake novice, for better or worse. If there's an integration option missing be assured that I fully support it being added, and welcome pull requests!


A number of configurable options are exposed in the form of preprocessor #defines. Most likely you won't need to mess with these at all, but if you do, set them before including toml++.

Option Type Default Description
TOML_HEADER_ONLY boolean 1 Disable this to explicitly control where toml++'s implementation is compiled (e.g. as part of a library).
TOML_API define undefined API annotation to add to public symbols (e.g. __declspec(dllexport) on Windows).
TOML_ASSERT(expr) function macro assert(expr)
(or undefined)
Sets the assert function used by the library.
TOML_CONFIG_HEADER string literal undefined Includes the given header file before the rest of the library.
TOML_EXCEPTIONS boolean per your compiler's settings Sets whether the library uses exceptions.
TOML_IMPLEMENTATION define undefined Define this to enable compilation of the library's implementation. Meaningless if TOML_HEADER_ONLY is 1.
TOML_LARGE_FILES boolean 0 Uses 32-bit integers for line and column indices (instead of 16-bit).
TOML_OPTIONAL_TYPE type name undefined Overrides the optional<T> type used by the library if you need something better than std::optional.
TOML_PARSER boolean 1 Disable this to prevent inclusion of the parser-related parts of the library if you don't need them.
TOML_SMALL_FLOAT_TYPE type name undefined If your codebase has an additional 'small' float type (e.g. half-precision), this tells toml++ about it.
TOML_SMALL_INT_TYPE type name undefined If your codebase has an additional 'small' integer type (e.g. 24-bits), this tells toml++ about it.
TOML_UNRELEASED_FEATURES boolean 0 Enables support for unreleased TOML language features not yet part of a numbered version.
TOML_WINDOWS_COMPAT boolean 1 on Windows Enables support for transparent conversion between wide and narrow strings in some places when building for Windows.

ℹ️ A number of these have ABI implications; the library uses inline namespaces to prevent you from accidentally linking incompatible combinations together.

TOML Language Support

At any given time the library aims to support whatever the most recently-released version of TOML is, with opt-in support for a number of unreleased features from the TOML master and some sane cherry-picks from the TOML issues list where the discussion strongly indicates inclusion in a near-future release.

The library advertises the most recent numbered language version it fully supports via the preprocessor defines TOML_LANG_MAJOR, TOML_LANG_MINOR and TOML_LANG_PATCH.

🔸️ Unreleased language features:

  • #516: Allow newlines and trailing commas in inline tables
  • #562: Allow hex floating-point values
  • #644: Support + in key names
  • #671: Local time of day format should support 09:30 as opposed to 09:30:00
  • #687: Relax bare key restrictions to allow additional unicode characters
  • #709: Include an \xHH escape code sequence

ℹ️ #define TOML_UNRELEASED_FEATURES 1 to enable these features (see Configuration).

🔹️ TOML v1.0.0:

All features supported, including:

  • #356: Allow leading zeros in the exponent part of a float
  • #567: Control characters are not permitted in comments
  • #571: Allow raw tabs inside strings
  • #665: Make arrays heterogeneous
  • #766: Allow comments before commas in arrays

🔹️ TOML v0.5.0:

All features supported.


Contributions are very welcome! Either by reporting issues or submitting pull requests. If you wish to submit a pull request, please see CONTRIBUTING for all the details you need to get going.

License and Attribution

toml++ is licensed under the terms of the MIT license - see LICENSE.

UTF-8 decoding is performed using a state machine based on Bjoern Hoehrmann's 'Flexible and Economical UTF-8 Decoder'.

With thanks to:


For bug reports and feature requests please consider using the issues system here on GitHub. For anything else though you're welcome to reach out via other means. In order of likely response time:

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