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React Hooks in Svelte

React Hook examples ported to Svelte.

useState

In Svelte, const [varName, set] = useState(initialValue) becomes let varName = initialValue. The setter function is replaced with JavaScript's assignment operator =.

React example
Svelte example

Diff of useState

useEffect

In React, there are 3 ways to useEffect().

  1. With null dependencies: useEffect(fn). This runs on every render.
  2. With an empty array as dependencies: useEffect(fn, []). This runs during mount, and cleanup function runs on unmount.
  3. With a list of dependency vars: useEffect(fn, [a, b, c]). This reavaulates whenever a dependency changes. The cleanup runs whenever dependencies change and during unmount.

This is an example of #2, where the callback runs when component is mounted and cleanup runs when unmounted.

React example
Svelte example

Diff of useEffect

useMemo

React example
Svelte example

In Svelte, all reactive statements are memoized. Instead of const var = useMemo(() => expression, dependencies), you can use $: var = expression. Notice that with Svelte, you don't need to declare the dependencies. The compiler infers them for you.

Diff of useMemo

useRef

React example
Svelte example

In Svelte, useRef() is bind:this.

Diff of useRef

useReducer

React example
Svelte example

In Svelte, useReducer() can be replaced with a writable() store. Instead of dispatching using a switch statement, functions can be defined on the store directly.

Diff of useReducer

useCallback

In React, useCallback is used to memoize functions. This is needed because event handlers are re-defined on every render.

Take this example:

// This function (component) is executed on every render
function Component() {
  // this event handler is redefined on every render
  const handleClick = () => alert("hello")
  
  // because `handleClick` is redefined on every render, `ChildComponent` will be re-rendered too. Because its `onClick` prop is considered changed.
  return <ChildComponent onClick={handleClick}/>
}

So we need to wrap handleClick in a useCallback, to give a hint to the rendering system that the handler wasn't changed.

In Svelte this isn't needed, because event handlers are declared inside <script> tags. They aren't defined in the render path and therefore arent't redefined on every render. They are defined once per component, so they work similar to how event handlers worked with React.Component.

useContext

Context in both frameworks are very similar. One difference is that context in Svelte is not reactive by default. To make it reactive, context data should be wrapped in a store.

Another difference is that context in Svelte does not insert anything into the visual component tree. There is no <Context.Provider> element like in React, instead use the setContext() function.

React example
Svelte example

Root component Diff of useEffect App

Intermediate component Diff of useEffect Toolbar

Grand-child component Diff of useEffect ThemedButton

License

MIT


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