Docker Php Fpm

Devilbox's PHP-FPM Docker Images
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PHP-FPM Docker images

Release lint build nightly License

Discord Discourse

Available Architectures: amd64, arm64

This repository will provide you fully functional PHP-FPM Docker images in different flavours, versions and packed with different types of integrated PHP modules. It also solves the problem of syncronizing file permissions of mounted volumes between the host and the container.

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Syncronize File Permissions

This repository also allows you to quickly generate and build your own custom PHP-FPM Docker image with whatever PHP extension your desire for whatever PHP version you want and for any platform you're on (amd64 or arm64). Jump to #Build your own image.

PHP-FPM Reference Implementation
Streamlined PHP-FPM images The Devilbox

Docker Tags

docker pull devilbox/php-fpm:<tag>

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Docker Tags
ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Supported Architectures

PHP Versions

The following PHP versions are provided by this repository.

  • PHP 5.2, PHP 5.3, PHP 5.4, PHP 5.5, PHP 5.6
  • PHP 7.0, PHP 7.1, PHP 7.2, PHP 7.3, PHP 7.4
  • PHP 8.0, PHP 8.1, PHP 8.2

Note: Unreleased PHP versions are built from custom base images.

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: PHP Versions
ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Base Images


The provided Docker images heavily rely on inheritance to guarantee smallest possible image size. Each of them provide a working PHP-FPM server and you must decide what version works best for you. Look at the sketch below to get an overview about the two provided flavours and each of their different types.

        [PHP]            # Base FROM image (Official PHP-FPM image)
          ^              #
          |              #
          |              #
        [base]           # Streamlined base images with host user mapping
          ^              # environment variables and custom configs.
          |              #
          |              #
        [mods]           # Installs additional PHP modules
          ^              # via pecl, git and other means
          |              #
          |              #
        [prod]           # Devilbox flavour for production
          ^              # (locales, postifx, socat and injectables)
          |              # (custom *.ini files)
          |              #
        [slim]           # Devilbox flavour with only required
          ^              # cli tools to have a functional intranet.
          |              #
          |              #
        [work]           # Devilbox flavour for local development
                         # (includes backup and development tools)
                         # (sudo, custom bash and tool configs)

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Flavours
ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Base Images

Available PHP extensions

Click below listed extensions for details:

amqp apc apcu bcmath blackfire bz2 calendar ctype curl date dba dom enchant ereg exif FFI fileinfo filter ftp gd gettext gmp hash iconv igbinary imagick imap interbase intl ioncube json ldap libxml lz4 lzf mbstring mcrypt memcache memcached mhash mongo mongodb msgpack mysql mysqli mysqlnd OAuth oci8 OPcache openssl pcntl pcre PDO pdo_dblib PDO_Firebird pdo_mysql PDO_OCI pdo_pgsql pdo_sqlite pdo_sqlsrv pgsql phalcon Phar posix pspell psr random rdkafka readline recode redis Reflection session shmop SimpleXML snmp soap sockets sodium solr SPL sqlite sqlite3 sqlsrv ssh2 swoole sysvmsg sysvsem sysvshm tidy tokenizer uploadprogress uuid vips wddx Xdebug xhprof xlswriter xml xmlreader xmlrpc xmlwriter xsl yaml zip zlib zstd

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: PHP Modules
ℹ️ For details see Contributor Documentation: PHP Module definition

Environment Variables

The provided Docker images offer environment variables to alter their startup behaviour.

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Environment Variables or click on the variable name directly.

Variable Short description
DEBUG_ENTRYPOINT Control docker log verbosity
NEW_UID Syncronize user-id file system permissions
NEW_GID Syncronize group-id file system permissions
TIMEZONE Set timezone
DOCKER_LOGS Make PHP log to file or docker logs
ENABLE_MODULES Enable specific PHP extensions
DISABLE_MODULES Disable specific PHP extensions
ENABLE_MAIL Control email-catch all (to not accidentally send out emails)
FORWARD_PORTS_TO_LOCALHOST Make remote ports available locally inside the container
MYSQL_BACKUP_USER Set MySQL username (for backups)
MYSQL_BACKUP_PASS Set MySQL password (for backups)
MYSQL_BACKUP_HOST Set MySQL hostname (for backups)


The provided Docker images offer different volumes to be mounted.

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Volumes or click on the volume name directly.

Volume Short description
/etc/php-custom.d/ Add custom PHP *.ini files
/etc/php-fpm-custom.d/ Add custom PHP-FPM *.conf files
/startup.1.d/ Add custom startup *.sh files
/startup.2.d/ Add custom startup *.sh files
/var/log/php/ Find PHP log files
/var/mail/ Find sent emails
/etc/supervisor/custom.d/ Add custom supervisord *.conf files
/etc/bashrc-devilbox.d/ Add custom bashrc files
/shared/backups/ Find MySQL backups
/ca/ Add custom Certificate Authority


Have a look at the following table to see all offered exposed ports for each Docker image flavour.

Flavour Port Description
9000 PHP-FPM listening port

PHP Default Configuration

Each PHP version is using the same sane default php.ini values, making it pain-free to switch versions and not having to worry about different php.ini settings. Note: Flavours alway inherit the settings from its parent flavour if they have no own configuration.

Flavour Applied php.ini files
base php.ini and php-fpm.conf
mods inherits from base
prod inherits from base
slim php.ini and php-fpm.conf
work inherits from slim

Integrated Development Environment

If you plan to use the PHP-FPM image for development, hence being able to execute common commands inside the container itself, you should go with the work Image.

The work Docker image has many common tools already installed which on one hand increases its image size, but on the other hand removes the necessity to install those tools locally.

You want to use tools such as angular-cli, codeception, composer, deployer, eslint, git, grunt-cli, gulp, laravel-installer, node, npm, nvm, phalcon-devtools, phpcs, phpunit, pm2, symfony-cli, tig, vue, webpack-cli, wp-cli, yarn, yq, zsh as well as many others, simply do it directly inside the container. As all Docker images are auto-built every night by GitHub Actions it is assured that you are always at the latest version of your favorite dev tool.

ℹ️ For details see Documentation: Available Tools

What else is available

Apart from the provided tools, you will also be able to use the container similar as you would do with your host system. Just a few things to mention here:

  • Mount custom bash configuration files so your config persists between restarts
  • Use password-less sudo to become root and do whatever you need to do


Provide PHP-FPM port to host

docker run -d -it \
    -p \

Alter PHP-FPM and system timezone

docker run -d -it \
    -p \
    -e TIMEZONE=Europe/Berlin \

Load custom PHP configuration

config/ is a local directory that will hold the PHP *.ini files you want to load into the Docker container.

# Create config directory to be mounted with dummy configuration
mkdir config
# Xdebug 2
echo "xdebug.enable = 1" > config/xdebug.ini
# Xdebug 3
echo "xdebug.mode = debug" > config/xdebug.ini

# Run container and mount it
docker run -d -it \
    -p \
    -v config:/etc/php-custom.d \

MySQL connect via (via port-forward)

Forward MySQL Port from (or any other IP address/hostname) and Port 3306 to the PHP docker on By this, your PHP files inside the docker can use to connect to a MySQL database.

docker run -d -it \
    -p \

MySQL and Redis connect via (via port-forward)

Forward MySQL Port from and Redis port from redis:6379 to the PHP docker on and By this, your PHP files inside the docker can use to connect to a MySQL or Redis database.

docker run -d -it \
    -p \
    -e FORWARD_PORTS_TO_LOCALHOST='3306:, 6379:redis:6379' \

Launch Postfix for mail-catching

Once you set $ENABLE_MAIL=2, all mails sent via any of your PHP applications no matter to which domain, are catched locally into the devilbox account. You can also mount the mail directory locally to hook in with mutt and read those mails.

docker run -d -it \
    -p \
    -v /tmp/mail:/var/mail \
    -e ENABLE_MAIL=2 \

Webserver and PHP-FPM

~/my-host-www will be the directory that serves the php files (your document root). Make sure to mount it into both, php and the webserver.

# Start PHP-FPM container
docker run -d -it \
    -v ~/my-host-www:/var/www/default/htdocs \
    --name php \

# Start webserver and link with PHP-FPM
docker run -d -it \
    -p 80:80 \
    -v ~/my-host-www:/var/www/default/htdocs \
    -e PHP_FPM_ENABLE=1 \
    -e PHP_FPM_SERVER_ADDR=php \
    -e PHP_FPM_SERVER_PORT=9000 \
    --link php \

Create MySQL Backups

Note: This will only work with work Docker images.

The MySQL server could be another Docker container linked to the PHP-FPM container. Let's assume the PHP-FPM container is able to access the MySQL container by the hostname mysql.

# Start container
docker run -d -it \
    -e MYSQL_BACKUP_USER=root \
    -e MYSQL_BACKUP_PASS=somepass \
    -e MYSQL_BACKUP_HOST=mysql \
    -v ~/backups:/shared/backups \
    --name php \

# Run database dump
docker exec -it php mysqldump-secure

Docker Compose reference implementation

If you want a fully functional Docker Compose setup, which allows to switch PHP versions easily, comes with web servers, database servers and much more, then head over to the Devilbox rerefence implementation :

Reference Implementation

Automated builds


Docker images are built and tested every night by GitHub Actions and pushed to Docker hub on success. This is all done automatically to ensure that sources as well as base images are always fresh and in case of security updates always have the latest patches.

Build your own image

You are not interested in the provided Docker images and want to (ab)use this repository purely to generate your own custom images? You can do so with three easy commands:

# Generate Dockerfiles with only the following PHP extensions present
make gen-dockerfiles MODS="msgpack memcached pdo_mysql rdkafka"

# Pull base image for PHP 8.1 (if you don't have it locally already)
make docker-pull-base-image STAGE=mods VERSION=8.1 ARCH=linux/arm64

# Build PHP 8.1 for arm64 with above specified extensions
make build STAGE=mods VERSION=8.1 ARCH=linux/arm64

ℹ️ For details see Abuser Documentation: Build your own image


Contributors are welcome. Feel free to star and clone this repository and submit issues and pull-requests. Add examples and show what you have created with the provided images. If you see any errors or ways to improve this repository in any way, please do so.

ℹ️ For details see Contributor Documentation: PHP Module definitions
ℹ️ For details see Contributor Documentation: PHP Tools definitions

Related Project

If you want to add custom modules, tools or apply any other changes, but don't think it fits in here, you can do so over at the PHP-FPM Community Images.

See the reference implementation below:

Project Author build Architecture Docker Tag
📁 devilbox/ cytopia (cytopia) devilbox_build
💻 amd64
💻 arm64

ℹ️ <V> in the Docker tag above stands for the PHP version. E.g.: 5.4 or 8.1, etc

Sister Projects

Show some love for the following sister projects.

🖤 Project 🐱 GitHub 🐋 DockerHub
docker-mysql devilbox/mysql


In case you seek help, go and visit the community pages.

📘 Documentation

🎮 Discord

🗪 Forum discord/devilbox


Thanks for contributing 🖤



I try to keep up with literally over 100 projects besides a full-time job. If my work is making your life easier, consider contributing. 🖤

Findme: 🐱 cytopia / devilbox | 🐋 cytopia / devilbox | 🐦 everythingcli / devilbox | 📖

Contrib: PyPI: cytopia · Terraform: cytopia · Ansible: cytopia


MIT License

Copyright (c) 2017 cytopia

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