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Dapr SDK for Go

Client library to help you build Dapr application in Go. This client supports all public Dapr APIs while focusing on idiomatic Go experience and developer productivity.

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Usage

Assuming you already have installed Go

Dapr Go client includes two packages: client (for invoking public Dapr APIs), and service (to create services that will be invoked by Dapr, this is sometimes referred to as "callback").

Creating client

Import Dapr Go client package:

import "github.com/dapr/go-sdk/client"

Quick start

package main

import (
    dapr "github.com/dapr/go-sdk/client"
)

func main() {
    client, err := dapr.NewClient()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    defer client.Close()
    //TODO: use the client here, see below for examples 
}

Assuming you have Dapr CLI installed, you can then launch your app locally like this:

dapr run --app-id example-service \
         --app-protocol grpc \
         --app-port 50001 \
         go run main.go

See the example folder for more working Dapr client examples.

Usage

The Go client supports all the building blocks exposed by Dapr API. Let's review these one by one:

State

For simple use-cases, Dapr client provides easy to use Save, Get, and Delete methods:

ctx := context.Background()
data := []byte("hello")
store := "my-store" // defined in the component YAML 

// save state with the key key1, default options: strong, last-write
if err := client.SaveState(ctx, store, "key1", data); err != nil {
    panic(err)
}

// get state for key key1
item, err := client.GetState(ctx, store, "key1")
if err != nil {
    panic(err)
}
fmt.Printf("data [key:%s etag:%s]: %s", item.Key, item.Etag, string(item.Value))

// delete state for key key1
if err := client.DeleteState(ctx, store, "key1"); err != nil {
    panic(err)
}

For more granular control, the Dapr Go client exposes SetStateItem type, which can be used to gain more control over the state operations and allow for multiple items to be saved at once:

item1 := &dapr.SetStateItem{
    Key:  "key1",
    Etag: &ETag{
        Value: "1",
    },
    Metadata: map[string]string{
        "created-on": time.Now().UTC().String(),
    },
    Value: []byte("hello"),
    Options: &dapr.StateOptions{
        Concurrency: dapr.StateConcurrencyLastWrite,
        Consistency: dapr.StateConsistencyStrong,
    },
}

item2 := &dapr.SetStateItem{
    Key:  "key2",
    Metadata: map[string]string{
        "created-on": time.Now().UTC().String(),
    },
    Value: []byte("hello again"),
}

item3 := &dapr.SetStateItem{
    Key:  "key3",
    Etag: &dapr.ETag{
	Value: "1",
    },
    Value: []byte("hello again"),
}

if err := client.SaveBulkState(ctx, store, item1, item2, item3); err != nil {
    panic(err)
}

Similarly, GetBulkState method provides a way to retrieve multiple state items in a single operation:

keys := []string{"key1", "key2", "key3"}
items, err := client.GetBulkState(ctx, store, keys, nil,100)

And the ExecuteStateTransaction method to execute multiple upsert or delete operations transactionally.

ops := make([]*dapr.StateOperation, 0)

op1 := &dapr.StateOperation{
    Type: dapr.StateOperationTypeUpsert,
    Item: &dapr.SetStateItem{
        Key:   "key1",
        Value: []byte(data),
    },
}
op2 := &dapr.StateOperation{
    Type: dapr.StateOperationTypeDelete,
    Item: &dapr.SetStateItem{
        Key:   "key2",
    },
}
ops = append(ops, op1, op2)
meta := map[string]string{}
err := testClient.ExecuteStateTransaction(ctx, store, meta, ops)
PubSub

To publish data onto a topic, the Dapr client provides a simple method:

data := []byte(`{ "id": "a123", "value": "abcdefg", "valid": true }`)
if err := client.PublishEvent(ctx, "component-name", "topic-name", data); err != nil {
    panic(err)
}
Service Invocation

To invoke a specific method on another service running with Dapr sidecar, the Dapr client provides two options. To invoke a service without any data:

resp, err := client.InvokeMethod(ctx, "app-id", "method-name", "post")

And to invoke a service with data:

content := &dapr.DataContent{
    ContentType: "application/json",
    Data:        []byte(`{ "id": "a123", "value": "demo", "valid": true }`),
}

resp, err = client.InvokeMethodWithContent(ctx, "app-id", "method-name", "post", content)
Bindings

Similarly to Service, Dapr client provides two methods to invoke an operation on a Dapr-defined binding. Dapr supports input, output, and bidirectional bindings.

For simple, output only biding:

in := &dapr.InvokeBindingRequest{ Name: "binding-name", Operation: "operation-name" }
err = client.InvokeOutputBinding(ctx, in)

To invoke method with content and metadata:

in := &dapr.InvokeBindingRequest{
    Name:      "binding-name",
    Operation: "operation-name",
    Data: []byte("hello"),
    Metadata: map[string]string{"k1": "v1", "k2": "v2"},
}

out, err := client.InvokeBinding(ctx, in)
Secrets

The Dapr client also provides access to the runtime secrets that can be backed by any number of secrete stores (e.g. Kubernetes Secrets, HashiCorp Vault, or Azure KeyVault):

opt := map[string]string{
    "version": "2",
}

secret, err := client.GetSecret(ctx, "store-name", "secret-name", opt)
Authentication

By default, Dapr relies on the network boundary to limit access to its API. If however the target Dapr API is configured with token-based authentication, users can configure the Go Dapr client with that token in two ways:

Environment Variable

If the DAPR_API_TOKEN environment variable is defined, Dapr will automatically use it to augment its Dapr API invocations to ensure authentication.

Explicit Method

In addition, users can also set the API token explicitly on any Dapr client instance. This approach is helpful in cases when the user code needs to create multiple clients for different Dapr API endpoints.

func main() {
    client, err := dapr.NewClient()
    if err != nil {
        panic(err)
    }
    defer client.Close()
    client.WithAuthToken("your-Dapr-API-token-here")
}

Service (callback)

In addition to the client capabilities that allow you to call into the Dapr API, the Go SDK also provides service package to help you bootstrap Dapr callback services in either gRPC or HTTP. Instructions on how to use it are located here

Contributing to Dapr Go client

See the Contribution Guide to get started with building and developing.

Code of Conduct

Please refer to our Dapr Community Code of Conduct


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