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python-isc-dhcp-leases

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Small python module for reading /var/lib/dhcp/dhcpd.leases from isc-dhcp-server. This module works in Python 2.7 and 3.x

This module also supports reading lease files from the isc dhcp daemon running in IPv6 mode (Since version 0.4.0).

Installation

Through pypi


.. code:: bash

    $ sudo pip install isc_dhcp_leases

Through your distribution package manager

This python module is currently packaged in Debian unstable (release for Debian 9) and will be packaged in Ubuntu 17.04 (Zesty Zapus)

.. code:: bash

# For the python 2.7 interpreter
$ sudo apt install python-isc-dhcp-leases

# For the python 3 interpreter
$ sudo apt install python3-isc-dhcp-leases

Through git


.. code:: bash

    $ git clone [email protected]:MartijnBraam/python-isc-dhcp-leases.git
    $ cd python-isc-dhcp-leases
    $ python setup.py build
    $ sudo python setup.py install

Usage
-----

.. code:: python

    from isc_dhcp_leases import Lease, IscDhcpLeases

    leases = IscDhcpLeases('/path/to/dhcpd.leases')
    leases.get()  # Returns the leases as a list of Lease objects
    leases.get_current()  # Returns only the currently valid dhcp leases as dict
                          # The key of the dict is the device mac address and the
                          # Value is a Lease object

Or read a gzip'ed file:

.. code:: python

    from isc_dhcp_leases import Lease, IscDhcpLeases
    # IscDhcpLeases(filename, gzip=False)
    leases = IscDhcpLeases('/path/to/dhcpd.leases', True) # True param starts the gzip reader
    leases.get()  # Returns the leases as a list of Lease objects
    leases.get_current()  # Returns only the currently valid dhcp leases as dict
                          # The key of the dict is the device mac address and the
                          # Value is a Lease object

The Lease object has the following fields (only for IPv4 leases):

.. code:: python

    lease instanceof Lease
    lease.ip             # The ip address assigned by this lease as string
    lease.ethernet       # The mac address of the lease
    lease.hardware       # The OSI physical layer used to request the lease (usually ethernet)
    lease.start          # The start time of this lease as DateTime object
    lease.end            # The time this lease expires as DateTime object or None if this is an infinite lease
    lease.hostname       # The hostname for this lease if given by the client
    lease.binding_state  # The binding state as string ('active', 'free', 'abandoned', 'backup')
    lease.data           # Dict of all the info in the dhcpd.leases file for this lease
    lease.valid          # True if the lease hasn't expired and is not in the future
    lease.active         # True if the binding state is active
    lease.options        # List of extra options in the lease file
    lease.sets           # List of the 'set' items in the lease file


The Lease6 object has the following fields (only for IPv6):

.. code:: python

    lease instanceof Lease6
    lease.ip                 # The ip address assigned by this lease as string
    lease.type               # If this is a temporary or permanent address. I's one of the following:
                             # Lease6.TEMPORARY: Temporary lease
                             # Lease6.NON_TEMPORARY: Non-temporary lease
                             # Lease6.PREFIX_DELEGATION: Delegated prefix lease
    lease.host_identifier    # The unique host identifier (replaces mac addresses in IPv6) as bytes
    lease.host_identifier_string # The host_identifier property formatted as an hexadecimal string
    lease.duid               # The DHCP Unique Identifier (DUID) of the host as bytes
    lease.iaid               # The Interface Association Identifier (IAID) of the host
    lease.last_communication # The last communication time with the host
    lease.end                # The time this lease expires as DateTime object or None if this is an infinite lease
    lease.binding_state      # The binding state as string ('active', 'free', 'abandoned', 'backup')
    lease.preferred_life     # The preferred lifetime in seconds
    lease.max_life           # The valid lifetime for this address in seconds
    lease.options            # List of extra options in the lease file
    lease.sets               # List of the 'set' items in the lease file
    lease.data               # Dict of all the info in the dhcpd6.leases file for this lease

Unit tests
----------

The unit tests can be run with ``setup.py``:

.. code:: bash

    $ python3 setup.py test
    # With coverage report:
    $ coverage run setup.py test

.. |Build Status| image:: https://travis-ci.org/MartijnBraam/python-isc-dhcp-leases.svg?branch=master
   :target: https://travis-ci.org/MartijnBraam/python-isc-dhcp-leases
.. |PyPI version| image:: https://badge.fury.io/py/isc_dhcp_leases.svg
   :target: http://badge.fury.io/py/isc_dhcp_leases
.. |Coverage Status| image:: https://coveralls.io/repos/MartijnBraam/python-isc-dhcp-leases/badge.svg
   :target: https://coveralls.io/r/MartijnBraam/python-isc-dhcp-leases

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