Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

PostCSS Viewport Height Correction

PostCSS plugin to solve the popular problem when 100vh doesn’t fit the mobile browser screen.

Installation

yarn add postcss-viewport-height-correction
# --- OR ----
npm install --save postcss-viewport-height-correction

And then add this javascript to public/index.html (for React), or add to template.html (for Preact).

var customViewportCorrectionVariable = 'vh';


function setViewportProperty(doc) {
  var prevClientHeight;
  var customVar = '--' + ( customViewportCorrectionVariable || 'vh' );
  function handleResize() {
    var clientHeight = doc.clientHeight;
    if (clientHeight === prevClientHeight) return;
    requestAnimationFrame(function updateViewportHeight(){
      doc.style.setProperty(customVar, (clientHeight * 0.01) + 'px');
      prevClientHeight = clientHeight;
    });
  }
  handleResize();
  return handleResize;
}
window.addEventListener('resize', setViewportProperty(document.documentElement));

Check you project for existed PostCSS config: postcss.config.js in the project root, "postcss" section in package.json or postcss in bundle config.

If you already use PostCSS, add the plugin to plugins list:

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
+   require('postcss-viewport-height-correction'),
    require('autoprefixer')
  ]
}

If you do not use PostCSS, add it according to official docs and set this plugin in settings.

Configuration

You really will rarely need this. Use this when you have some conflicting css variable. We use --vh as variable to fix the viewport height. You can use --pvh or any other variable of your choice.

Configure postcss to use your variable.

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
+   require('postcss-viewport-height-correction')({ variable: 'pvh' }),
    require('autoprefixer')
  ]
}

Also change variable name in javascript you added. Change customViewportCorrectionVariable value to your variable.

+ var customViewportCorrectionVariable = 'pvh'
- var customViewportCorrectionVariable = 'vh'

NOTE: Only use plain alphabetical characters as custom variable name. We are using regex to patch viewport value, any variable with special characters can lead to unknown issues.

Inspiration

The viewport height which we use as "vh" unit in css does not give the actual viewport height but gives the height of the browser window. This plugin is an implememtation of CSS Tricks article on this issue.

Example Output

.foo {
    /* Input example */
    height: 100vh;
}

.bar {
    min-height: 50vh;
    max-height: 75vh;
    margin: -1vh;
}
.foo {
  /* Output example */
  height: 100vh;
  height: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * 100); /* corrected viewport height using css custom variables */
}

.bar {
      min-height: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * 50);
      max-height: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * 75);
      margin: calc(var(--vh, 1vh) * -1);
}

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