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Awesome Open Source

Kubediff

Kubediff is a tool for Kubernetes to show you the differences between your running configuration and your version controlled configuration.

Kubediff can be run from the command line:

$ ./kubediff
usage: kubediff [-h] [--kubeconfig KUBECONFIG] [--context CONTEXT] [--namespace NAMESPACE] [--json] [--no-error-on-diff] [paths ...]

     _          _             _  _   __   __
    | |__ _  _ | |__  ___  __| |(_) / _| / _|
    | / /| || || '_ \/ -_)/ _` || ||  _||  _|
    |_\_\ \_,_||_.__/\___|\__,_||_||_|  |_|

    Compare yaml files in path(s) to running state in kubernetes and print the
    differences. This is useful to ensure you have applied all your changes
    to the appropriate environment. This tools runs kubectl, so unless your
    ~/.kube/config is configured for the correct environment, you will need
    to supply the kubeconfig for the appropriate environment.

positional arguments:
  paths                  path(s) from which kubediff will look for configuration files

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --kubeconfig KUBECONFIG, -k KUBECONFIG
                        path to kubeconfig
  --context CONTEXT, -c CONTEXT
                        name of kubeconfig context to use
  --namespace NAMESPACE, -n NAMESPACE
                        Namespace to assume for objects where it is not specified (default = Kubernetes default for current context)
  --json, -j            output in json format
  --no-error-on-diff, -e
                        don't exit with 2 if diff exists

For example:

$ ./kubediff k8s
Checking ReplicationController 'kubediff'
 *** .spec.template.spec.containers[0].args[0]: '-repo=https://github.com/weaveworks/kubediff' != '-repo=https://github.com/<your github repo>'
Checking Secret 'kubediff-secret'
Checking Service 'kubediff'

Make sure the dependencies are installed first:

$ pip install -r requirements.txt

Kubediff can also be run as a service on Kubernetes, periodically downloading the latest configuration from Github, comparing it to the running configuration. In this mode Kubediff will also offers a very simple UI showing the output and export the result to Prometheus, all courtesy to prom-run.

To deploy to Kubernetes, you much first make a copy of the YAML files in k8s and update the following fields:

  • kubediff-rc.yaml the first argument to git-sync must be the location of the config repo, and the last argument to kubediff must the the location in this repo of your config.
  • kubediff-secret.yaml the username and password must be set to valid github OAuth token.

Once you have updated the config, the following commands should bring up the service:

$ kubectl create -f k8s
replicationcontroller "kubediff" created
secret "kubediff-secret" created
service "kubediff" created

And to view the UI, run the follow command and go to http://localhost:4040

`$ kubectl port-forward $(kubectl get pod --selector=name=kubediff -o jsonpath={.items..metadata.name}) 4040:80`

Kubediff Screenshot

This service exports the exit code of the kubediff as a Prometheus metric; a suitable alert can be setup for persistent differences:

ALERT Kubediff
  IF          max(command_exit_code{job="kubediff"}) != 0
  FOR         2h
  LABELS      { severity="warning" }
  ANNOTATIONS {
    summary = "Kubediff has detected a difference in running config.",
    description = "Kubediff has detected a difference in running config.",
  }

These alerts can be sent to Slack, for example:

Slack Alert

compare-images

To quickly see how two sets of configurations differ, purely in terms of images:

$ ./compare-images ../service-conf/k8s/dev/ ../service-conf/k8s/prod/
Image                          dev                   prod
-----------------------------  --------------------  --------------------
quay.io/weaveworks/grafana     master-0fc7cc2        master-08fd09d
quay.io/weaveworks/prometheus  master-0fc7cc2        master-4fb2aed
quay.io/weaveworks/ui-server   master-2899c36        master-45d67b3
tomwilkie/prometheus           frankenstein-8a5ec1b  frankenstein-ebe5808
weaveworks/scope               master-1a1021c        master-14d0e4e

Build

mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/github.com/prometheus && cd "$_"
git clone [email protected]:prometheus/client_golang.git
mkdir -p $GOPATH/src/github.com/weaveworks && cd "$_"
git clone [email protected]:weaveworks/kubediff.git
cd kubediff
make

Getting Help

If you have any questions about, feedback for or problems with kubediff:

Weaveworks follows the CNCF Code of Conduct. Instances of abusive, harassing, or otherwise unacceptable behavior may be reported by contacting a Weaveworks project maintainer, or Alexis Richardson ([email protected]).

Your feedback is always welcome!


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