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tfsec uses static analysis of your terraform templates to spot potential security issues. Now with terraform v0.12+ support.

Example Output

Example screenshot

Installation

Install with brew/linuxbrew:

brew install tfsec

Install with Chocolatey:

choco install tfsec

You can also grab the binary for your system from the releases page.

Alternatively, install with Go:

go get -u github.com/tfsec/tfsec/cmd/tfsec

Usage

tfsec will scan the specified directory. If no directory is specified, the current working directory will be used.

The exit status will be non-zero if tfsec finds problems, otherwise the exit status will be zero.

tfsec .

Use with Docker

As an alternative to installing and running tfsec on your system, you may run tfsec in a Docker container.

There are a number of Docker options available

Image Name Base Comment
tfsec/tfsec alpine Normal tfsec image
tfsec/tfsec-alpine alpine Exactly the same as tfsec/tfsec, but for those whole like to be explicit
tfsec/tfsec-ci alpine tfsec with no entrypoint - useful for CI builds where you want to override the command
tfsec/tfsec-scratch scratch An image built on scratch - nothing frilly, just runs tfsec

To run:

docker run --rm -it -v "$(pwd):/src" tfsec/tfsec /src

Use with Visual Studio Code

A Visual Studio Code extension is being developed to integrate with tfsec results. More information can be found on the tfsec Marketplace page

Use as GitHub Action

If you want to run tfsec on your repository as a GitHub Action, you can use https://github.com/triat/terraform-security-scan.

Features

  • Checks for sensitive data inclusion across all providers
  • Checks for violations of AWS, Azure and GCP security best practice recommendations
  • Scans modules (currently only local modules are supported)
  • Evaluates expressions as well as literal values
  • Evaluates Terraform functions e.g. concat()

Ignoring Warnings

You may wish to ignore some warnings. If you'd like to do so, you can simply add a comment containing tfsec:ignore:<RULE> to the offending line in your templates. If the problem refers to a block of code, such as a multiline string, you can add the comment on the line above the block, by itself.

For example, to ignore an open security group rule:

resource "aws_security_group_rule" "my-rule" {
    type = "ingress"
    cidr_blocks = ["0.0.0.0/0"] #tfsec:ignore:AWS006
}

...or...

resource "aws_security_group_rule" "my-rule" {
    type = "ingress"
    #tfsec:ignore:AWS006
    cidr_blocks = ["0.0.0.0/0"]
}

If you're not sure which line to add the comment on, just check the tfsec output for the line number of the discovered problem.

You can ignore multiple rules by concatenating the rules on a single line:

#tfsec:ignore:AWS017 tfsec:ignore:AWS002
resource "aws_s3_bucket" "my-bucket" {
  bucket = "foobar"
  acl    = "private"
}

Disable checks

You may wish to exclude some checks from running. If you'd like to do so, you can simply add new argument -e CHECK1,CHECK2,etc to your cmd command

tfsec . -e GEN001,GCP001,GCP002

Including values from .tfvars

You can include values from a tfvars file in the scan, using, for example: --tfvars-file terraform.tfvars.

Included Checks

Checks are currently limited to AWS/Azure/GCP resources, but there are also checks which are provider agnostic.

Checks
AWS Checks
Azure Checks
GCP Checks
General Checks

Running in CI

tfsec is designed for running in a CI pipeline. For this reason it will exit with a non-zero exit code if a potential problem is detected. You may wish to run tfsec as part of your build without coloured output. You can do this using --no-colour (or --no-color for our American friends).

Output options

You can output tfsec results as JSON, CSV, Checkstyle, Sarif, JUnit or just plain old human readable format. Use the --format flag to specify your desired format.

Github Security Alerts

If you want to integrate with Github Security alerts and include the output of your tfsec checks you can use the tfsec-sarif-action Github action to run the static analysis then upload the results to the security alerts tab.

The alerts generated for tfsec-example-project look like this.

github security alerts

When you click through the alerts for the branch, you get more information about the actual issue.

github security alerts

For more information about adding security alerts, check

Support for older terraform versions

If you need to support versions of terraform which use HCL v1 (terraform <0.12), you can use v0.1.3 of tfsec, though support is very limited and has fewer checks.


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