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Go Daemon

A daemon package for use with Go (golang) services

GoDoc

Examples

Simplest example (just install self as daemon)

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"

    "github.com/takama/daemon"
)

func main() {
    service, err := daemon.New("name", "description", daemon.SystemDaemon)
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal("Error: ", err)
    }
    status, err := service.Install()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal(status, "\nError: ", err)
    }
    fmt.Println(status)
}

Real example

// Example of a daemon with echo service
package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "log"
    "net"
    "os"
    "os/signal"
    "syscall"

    "github.com/takama/daemon"
)

const (

    // name of the service
    name        = "myservice"
    description = "My Echo Service"

    // port which daemon should be listen
    port = ":9977"
)

//    dependencies that are NOT required by the service, but might be used
var dependencies = []string{"dummy.service"}

var stdlog, errlog *log.Logger

// Service has embedded daemon
type Service struct {
    daemon.Daemon
}

// Manage by daemon commands or run the daemon
func (service *Service) Manage() (string, error) {

    usage := "Usage: myservice install | remove | start | stop | status"

    // if received any kind of command, do it
    if len(os.Args) > 1 {
        command := os.Args[1]
        switch command {
        case "install":
            return service.Install()
        case "remove":
            return service.Remove()
        case "start":
            return service.Start()
        case "stop":
            return service.Stop()
        case "status":
            return service.Status()
        default:
            return usage, nil
        }
    }

    // Do something, call your goroutines, etc

    // Set up channel on which to send signal notifications.
    // We must use a buffered channel or risk missing the signal
    // if we're not ready to receive when the signal is sent.
    interrupt := make(chan os.Signal, 1)
    signal.Notify(interrupt, os.Interrupt, os.Kill, syscall.SIGTERM)

    // Set up listener for defined host and port
    listener, err := net.Listen("tcp", port)
    if err != nil {
        return "Possibly was a problem with the port binding", err
    }

    // set up channel on which to send accepted connections
    listen := make(chan net.Conn, 100)
    go acceptConnection(listener, listen)

    // loop work cycle with accept connections or interrupt
    // by system signal
    for {
        select {
        case conn := <-listen:
            go handleClient(conn)
        case killSignal := <-interrupt:
            stdlog.Println("Got signal:", killSignal)
            stdlog.Println("Stoping listening on ", listener.Addr())
            listener.Close()
            if killSignal == os.Interrupt {
                return "Daemon was interruped by system signal", nil
            }
            return "Daemon was killed", nil
        }
    }

    // never happen, but need to complete code
    return usage, nil
}

// Accept a client connection and collect it in a channel
func acceptConnection(listener net.Listener, listen chan<- net.Conn) {
    for {
        conn, err := listener.Accept()
        if err != nil {
            continue
        }
        listen <- conn
    }
}

func handleClient(client net.Conn) {
    for {
        buf := make([]byte, 4096)
        numbytes, err := client.Read(buf)
        if numbytes == 0 || err != nil {
            return
        }
        client.Write(buf[:numbytes])
    }
}

func init() {
    stdlog = log.New(os.Stdout, "", log.Ldate|log.Ltime)
    errlog = log.New(os.Stderr, "", log.Ldate|log.Ltime)
}

func main() {
    srv, err := daemon.New(name, description, daemon.SystemDaemon, dependencies...)
    if err != nil {
        errlog.Println("Error: ", err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    service := &Service{srv}
    status, err := service.Manage()
    if err != nil {
        errlog.Println(status, "\nError: ", err)
        os.Exit(1)
    }
    fmt.Println(status)
}

Service config file

Optionally, service config file can be retrieved or updated by calling GetTemplate() string and SetTemplate(string) methods(except MS Windows). Template will be a default Go Template("text/template").

If SetTemplate is not called, default template content will be used while creating service.

Variable Description
Description Description for service
Dependencies Service dependencies
Name Service name
Path Path of service executable
Args Arguments for service executable

Example template(for linux systemv)

[Unit]
Description={{.Description}}
Requires={{.Dependencies}}
After={{.Dependencies}}

[Service]
PIDFile=/var/run/{{.Name}}.pid
ExecStartPre=/bin/rm -f /var/run/{{.Name}}.pid
ExecStart={{.Path}} {{.Args}}
Restart=on-failure

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Cron example

See examples/cron/cron_job.go

Contributors (unsorted)

All the contributors are welcome. If you would like to be the contributor please accept some rules.

  • The pull requests will be accepted only in develop branch
  • All modifications or additions should be tested
  • Sorry, We will not accept code with any dependency, only standard library

Thank you for your understanding!

License

MIT Public License


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