Awesome Open Source
Awesome Open Source

PyFladesk

Create desktop application by using Flask and QtWebEngine.

Idea

Rather than open Flask app in user browser, create a QWebview and then run Flask app on it.

By default, every internal link is open inside the app and every external link is open in the default browser.

Dependencies

  • Python3
  • Flask
  • PyQt

Note: Some releases require Conda to properly create a virtual environment.

Versions

There are 3 available versions:

Note: Both PyQt4 and PyQt5.6 are only made available for compatibility reasons, there is no intention to keep them updated unless requested.

Installation with pip

If you want to install PyFladesk with pip you just run.

pip install pyfladesk

Only the latest version (PyQt5.10) is uploaded to PyPI. If you want to use a legacy version check the instructions in the corresponding branch readme. Each version is maintained in a different form due to versions issues so you should check the readme of the branch of the version you want to use.

No pip installation

In case you don't want to use pip or you want to use a freezed version of PyFladesk, just download the __init__.py file from the pyfladesk folder and place it in your project (change the name to pyfladesk.py), then you can follow the instructions below.

Usage

You just need to change two lines:

Add an import at the top:

from pyfladesk import init_gui

And wherever you run the app (app.run) replace it with:

init_gui(app)

Then run your app as usual

Example

from flask import Flask
from pyfladesk import init_gui

app = Flask(__name__)

from routes import *

if __name__ == '__main__':
    init_gui(app)

Parameters

The init_gui function has some optional parameters that you may find useful:

init_gui(application, port=5000, width=300, height=400,
             window_title="PyFladesk", icon="appicon.png", argv=None)
  • port: choose in which port the application will run.
  • width: The initial width of the main window.
  • height: The initial height of the main window.
  • window_title: The main window title.
  • icon: the path to the icon file of the main window.
  • argv: additional parameters to the QApplication instance.

Packaging

For a full guide on how to package the app in one executable with PyInstaller file check this blog post

This avoids the need for the Python interpreter and the packages you use inside your project.

If you haven't already, install it with pip (if you use virtual environments you should install it inside it).

pip install pyinstaller

Some parameters to consider:

  • F - Bundles everything in a single file
  • w - Avoid displaying a console
  • --add-data - Add Folders to the directory/executable

Since Flask relies on a directory structure you should pass it to the folder, in the example case we only have two folders: templates and static, in case you use a database or some other directory structure you should adapt this.

Note: For more complex scenarios check the PyInstaller Docs

If we want everything in one executable file we can

Windows:

pyinstaller -w -F --add-data "templates;templates" --add-data "static;static" app.py

Linux:

pyinstaller -w -F --add-data "templates:templates" --add-data "static:static" app.py

Depending on the Linux version, you might need to install sudo apt install libpython3.x-dev

This will create a folder dist with our executable ready to be shipped. The executable will open the main window of our app.

If you still see TemplateNotFound, you may try the following (From issue #9):

Define this in a helper script:

def resource_path(relative_path):
 """ Get absolute path to resource, works for dev and for PyInstaller """
    base_path = getattr(sys, '_MEIPASS', os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__)))
    return os.path.join(base_path, relative_path)

Include this at the top, under imports

if getattr(sys, 'frozen', False):
    template_folder = resource_path('templates')
    static_folder = resource_path('static')
    app = Flask(__name__, template_folder=template_folder, static_folder=static_folder)
else:
    app = Flask(__name__)

Also from issue #9, in Windows 10 you may need to run this script:

pyinstaller -w -F --add-data "templates;templates" --add-data "static;static" app.py --path 'C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\10\Redist\ucrt\DLLs\x64'

Since Qt is quite big, your executables will be big too. The example app of this repository is 70 MB (69 MB of which are the Qt Component for displaying HTML). This is reasonable taking into account that we are shipping a self contain web browser. In case size is crucial, you can follow this suggestions

Sample apps

List of apps made by PyFladesk

Contributing Oportunities

Feel free to open issues and pull requests for new features and improvements. This is a guide for things that may be useful for the project:

  • Add different backends (wxPython, TKinter, etc)
  • Test performance of HTML5 and CSS3
  • Add Directory structure for large projects (Flask Patterns)
  • Test other micro web frameworks (Bottle, etc)
  • Make sample apps

Thanks

Thanks to Mathias Ettinger for his reviews, one for the old code and one for the new one


Get A Weekly Email With Trending Projects For These Topics
No Spam. Unsubscribe easily at any time.
python (52,051
python3 (1,572
flask (509
pyqt5 (83
desktop-application (70
gui-application (18

Find Open Source By Browsing 7,000 Topics Across 59 Categories