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Geocoder

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GoLang package that provides an easy way to use the Google Geocoding API.

See more information about the Google Geocoding API at the following link: https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/geocoding/start

You can use go get:

go get github.com/kelvins/geocoder

Usage

Example of usage:

package main

import (
	"fmt"

	"github.com/kelvins/geocoder"
)

func main() {
	// This example should work without need of an API Key,
	// but when you will use the API in your project you need
	// to set your API KEY as explained here:
	// https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/geocoding/get-api-key
	// geocoder.ApiKey = "YOUR_API_KEY"

	// See all Address fields in the documentation
	address := geocoder.Address{
		Street:  "Central Park West",
		Number:  115,
		City:    "New York",
		State:   "New York",
		Country: "United States",
	}

	// Convert address to location (latitude, longitude)
	location, err := geocoder.Geocoding(address)

	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("Could not get the location: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Println("Latitude: ", location.Latitude)
		fmt.Println("Longitude: ", location.Longitude)
	}

	// Set the latitude and longitude
	location = geocoder.Location{
		Latitude:  40.775807,
		Longitude: -73.97632,
	}

	// Convert location (latitude, longitude) to a slice of addresses
	addresses, err := geocoder.GeocodingReverse(location)

	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("Could not get the addresses: ", err)
	} else {
		// Usually, the first address returned from the API
		// is more detailed, so let's work with it
		address = addresses[0]

		// Print the address formatted by the geocoder package
		fmt.Println(address.FormatAddress())
		// Print the formatted address from the API
		fmt.Println(address.FormattedAddress)
		// Print the type of the address
		fmt.Println(address.Types)
	}
}

Results:

Latitude:  40.7758882
Longitude:  -73.9764703
115, Central Park West, Manhattan, 10023, New York, New York County, New York, United States
115 Central Park West, New York, NY 10023, USA
street_address

General

Geocoder

Geocoder (noun): A piece of software or a (web) service that implements a geocoding process i.e. a set of interrelated components in the form of operations, algorithms, and data sources that work together to produce a spatial representation for descriptive locational references.

Geocoding

Geocoding is the process of converting addresses (like a street address) into geographic coordinates (like latitude and longitude), which you can use to place markers on a map, or position the map.

Reverse Geocoding

Reverse geocoding is the process of converting geographic coordinates into a human-readable address. The Google Maps Geocoding API's reverse geocoding service also lets you find the address for a given place ID.

Application Programming Interface (API)

Application Programming Interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building application software. In general terms, it is a set of clearly defined methods of communication between various software components. A good API makes it easier to develop a computer program by providing all the building blocks, which are then put together by the programmer.

Documentation

You can access the full documentation here: GoDoc

License

This project was created under the MIT license. You can read the license here: License: MIT

Feel free to contribute by commenting, suggesting, creating issues or sending pull requests. Any help is welcome.

Contributing

  1. Create an issue (optional)
  2. Fork the repo
  3. Make your changes
  4. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Some cool feature')
  5. Push to the branch (git push origin master)
  6. Create a new Pull Request

Using Goroutines

With a little more effort you can use goroutines with channels:

package main

import (
	"fmt"
	"time"

	"github.com/kelvins/geocoder"
)

// Use the channels system to call the Geocoding function
func geocodingChannel(address geocoder.Address, locationChan chan geocoder.Location, errChan chan error) {
	fmt.Println("Entering geocodingChannel function...")
	defer fmt.Println("Exiting geocodingChannel function...")

	defer close(locationChan)
	defer close(errChan)

	location, err := geocoder.Geocoding(address)

	locationChan <- location
	errChan <- err
}

// Use the channels system to call the GeocodingReverse function
func geocodingReverseChannel(location geocoder.Location, addressesChan chan []geocoder.Address, errChan chan error) {
	fmt.Println("Entering geocodingReverseChannel function...")
	defer fmt.Println("Exiting geocodingReverseChannel function...")

	defer close(addressesChan)
	defer close(errChan)

	addresses, err := geocoder.GeocodingReverse(location)

	addressesChan <- addresses
	errChan <- err
}

func main() {
	// See all Address fields in the documentation
	address := geocoder.Address{
		Street:  "Central Park West",
		Number:  115,
		City:    "New York",
		State:   "New York",
		Country: "United States",
	}

	// Make the channels
	locationChan := make(chan geocoder.Location)
	errChan := make(chan error)

	// Call the go routine
	go geocodingChannel(address, locationChan, errChan)

	// Do whatever you need to do
	for index := 0; index < 5; index++ {
		fmt.Println(index)
		time.Sleep(50 * time.Millisecond)
	}

	// Get the results
	location := <-locationChan
	err := <-errChan

	// Check if the results are valid
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("Could not get the location: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Println("Latitude: ", location.Latitude)
		fmt.Println("Longitude: ", location.Longitude)
	}

	// Set the latitude and longitude
	location = geocoder.Location{
		Latitude:  40.775807,
		Longitude: -73.97632,
	}

	// Make the channels
	addressesChan := make(chan []geocoder.Address)
	errChan = make(chan error)

	// Call the go routine
	go geocodingReverseChannel(location, addressesChan, errChan)

	// Do whatever you need to do
	for index := 0; index < 5; index++ {
		fmt.Println(index)
		time.Sleep(50 * time.Millisecond)
	}

	// Get the results
	addresses := <-addressesChan
	err = <-errChan

	// Check if the results are valid
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Println("Could not get the addresses: ", err)
	} else {
		fmt.Println(addresses[0].FormattedAddress)
	}
}

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